3

Why is it not necessary to use 很 (or other adverbs of degree) to link nouns and adjectives when you reduplicate the adjective, and instead use a 的 after the adjective?

For example:

你的女朋友高高的。

她们漂漂亮亮的。

3
  • 很 as an adverb (very) only applies to adjective, never noun

  • A reduplicated adjective emphasizes itself similar to adding "quite" (颇/相当)

A reduplicated adjective cannot also use "very" because a reduplicated adjective emphasizes itself, similar to adding the adverb "quite".

Example:

很强壮 = He is (very strong)

强强壮壮的他 = He who is (quite strong)

We can describe a man "very strong" or "quite strong" but not at same time, because they are different degree of superlative. 很 (very) is stronger than 颇 (quite). Is he very strong or quite strong?

"他(很)(强强壮壮的)" translated into English would be "He is very quite strong", which is not grammatical.

| improve this answer | |
  • Ok, I see you can't use很 in this kind of phrases. But what pattern can you use for reduplicated adjectives: "Red Adj + 的 + Noun" or "Noun + Red Adj + 的“? I did read this second pattern so got confused. – Ayose V. Jan 21 at 19:22
  • The difference between " 强强壮壮的他 " and "他强强壮壮的 " -- The former is a simple "adj +n" phrase; The latter seems incomplete. It would be more natural to write "他强强壮壮的, 不用看医生" than just "他强强壮壮的" – Tang Ho Jan 21 at 19:54
  • 他强强壮壮的 is a [ topic + comment] sentence, in which 他 is the topic and 强强壮壮的 is the comment – Tang Ho Jul 10 at 0:20
1

That reduplication pattern of adjectives is a cutie way to express quite. E. g. 她的眼睛大大的。他的个子高高的。

Well, 她的眼睛很大 and 他的个子很高 don't have that effect.

We don't say 她的眼睛很大大的, which means 很 doesn't work with this reduplication pattern.

| improve this answer | |
1

There are two things going here, the reduplication, and a sentence structure that goes N + Adj + 的. I think of these sentences as:

你的女朋友高高的 = 他的女朋友 (是一个)高高的 (女朋友)

NB: The N + Adj + 的 structure is not limited to reduplicated adjectives.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.