What's the structure of these words? 搬进、走出、跑回......

I think both 搬 and 进 can be verbs but when used together, it means 'move in'.

What's the relationship between the two characters in phrases like those?

For example, only 搬 is the verb in the sentence ‘我们搬进了一幢楼房’,but not ‘进’,what is the role of ‘进’ in the sentence?

Thank you!

5 Answers 5


The “进” part is called directional complement.

Rather simply, as we do in English, you can add a directional word to the verb, to describe where the verb is going. The most common words to indicate a direction are:

  • 上, up and 下, down <== notice how they kind of look like arrows?
  • 进, in and 出, out
  • 过, to cross over
  • 起, up
  • 回 to come back.
  • 到 (to arrive) to

So, “搬进” is “move in/into”, “走出” is “walk out (of)”, “跑回” is “run back to”.


Quote:- "...only 搬 is the verb in the sentence ‘我们搬进了一幢楼房’,but not ‘进’,what is the role of ‘进’ in the sentence?

搬进, (move in), is a "compound verb" -- i.e. a verb that is made up of multiple words.

In English, you have "I believe in you"; "His car swerved and tumbled over", "You need to work on your Chinese", :)

So, without the 进, your sentence would read 我们搬了一幢楼房, meaning, "We moved the building"


You could also say:

我们搬到了一幢楼房里面。or 我们搬进一幢楼房里面。

Seems somehow more complete with 到 --- 里面

Wayne is completely correct, without 到 or 进 you'd be moving the building!


Superwoman EmmaXL!


进 can be both verb or directional complement. It can be a verb if it's used alone. for example, if we say "我们进了一幢楼房", it means "we walked into the building".

But when it's used right after another verb, it's a directional complement, and it's used to clarify the direction of the verb in front of it. In the sentence "we move in the building", 搬 corresponds to "move", and "进" means "in".

Please let me know if you have further questions~


搬进 => 搬出 走出 => 走回 跑回 => 跑出

In this words,进,出 and 回 represent from where to where. 搬,走 and 跑 represent the action.

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