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鸦片战争后,天津开放为通商口岸。
Jukuu

I'm confused about 为 in this example sentence from Jukuu. I think the sentence means:

After the Opium Wars, Tianjin opened "treaty ports".

I understand these refer to foreign-run treaty ports, as part of the unequal treaties. So my guess is that 为 is short for 作为 = "to act as", but I'm unsure.

Question: What does 为 do in 鸦片战争后,天津开放为通商口岸?

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    Yes, 为 = 作为 = "to be" or "as" here – Tang Ho Apr 16 at 5:17
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means 变成 / 成为 here.

(7) 变成,成为 [become]

何遽不为福。——《淮南子·人间训》

不能为祸。

终为忠臣。——《世说新语·自新》

而改为入。——宋· 洪迈《容斋续笔》

The sentence means Tianjin (was) opened and became treaty port.

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