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賒 is clearly defined as “delaying payment for something” in Chinese dictionaries; it commonly appears in the phrase “賒帳”, which has a similar meaning.

賖 is a Chữ Nôm used to write “xa” in Vietnamese, which means “far”. To me, it seems like 賖 is a corruption of 賒, since 賒 is pronounced like “xa” as far as I know. On the other hand, there is no entry for “賖” in Chinese dictionaries, and might be a Vietnamese innovation. However, that would also be weird since its pronunciation is markedly different than other characters which also have the 余 component.

余- dư 餘- dư

Has 賖 ever been used in Chinese? Is it related to 賒?

EDIT: AFAIK, 賖 is also used for xơ, but this sound also doesn’t come close to the expected pronunciation.

  • This means that 佘 and 余 were once the same character? – Axel Tong Apr 20 at 11:32
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    Yeah, so maybe the corruption process is the other way round. 佘 is a phonetic corruption of 余. Remember that 余 was originally very similar sounding to 舍. Wiktionary proposes that the part underneath the hat of 余 was corrupted into 示 to give a sound hint, as by the Ming era, 余 sounded nothing like 舍. (I didn't look too deeply into this) – dROOOze Apr 20 at 11:35
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    That reasoning process wasn't entirely clear, let me rephrase: Components originally containing 余 as a sound hint would have ended up sounding like both "yu" and "she" in early Mandarin, as "she" and "yu" were originally something like /*la/. To facilitate the use of the sound hint 余 in characters which sound later like "she", part of the 余 component in characters sounding like "she" was corrupted into 示. – dROOOze Apr 20 at 11:39
  • btw,賒賬 instead of 赊帳 – Toosky Hierot Apr 20 at 16:58
2

賖 is listed in Hanyu Da Cidian and defined as:

shē
同“賒1”。

The entry for 賒 says:

1 买物延期交款。


Zisea also just notes:

同【赊】。

Not sure if their info is from 字海 or 汉语大字典 but there is no mention of Chữ Nôm in either of the references. It seems to just be treated as a variant in modern Chinese.


Wiktionary also gives the following references:

参考
- 大字源:1673页,第14字
- 汉语大字典:第6卷,3643页,第2字
- 宋本广韵:165页,第3字
- 辞海:1275页,第5行,第4字
- Unihan数据:U+8CD6

and only mentions:

异体字

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