Reading 穩妥's etymology spurred me to read 妥's. I screenshot Yellowbridge. I truly hope this etymology doesn't relate to the inhumane barbarism of foot binding in China!


Han character

(radical 38, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月女 (BV), four-corner 20404, composition)

  1. satisfactory, appropriate

enter image description here


There are 3 views:

1.At first, it means reassuring a woman with hands, so it also means be stable.-Li Xiaoding

2.At first, it means hold down the woman to let her sit down with a hand, so it also means be stable.("爫" means a hand.)-Xu Zhongshu, Liu Xinglong

3.At first, it means grab a woman by a hand, so it also means capture.("爫" means a hand.)-Wu Qichang, Yu Xingwu, Xu Zaiguo

甲金文从爪(倒手)从「女」,象以手安抚女子之形,引申有安义(李孝定)。 《集韵》:「妥,安也。 或作绥。 」一说「妥」象以手按抑妇女使之坐下,引伸有安定之义(徐中舒、刘兴隆)。 一说「妥」象以手擒拿、抓取女子之形。 本义是俘掠,后作「绥」。 《书. 武成》,肆予东征,绥厥士女。 」师·马报簋:「孚士女羊牛。 」(吴其昌、于省吾、徐在国)。 「妥」与「孚」(「俘」的初文)的造字原理相同。 吴其昌认为甲骨文「男曰孚,女曰妥。 」


("妥" in Western Zhou dynasty)enter image description here

  • a woman under a roof is 'safe' (安); a woman with a son is 'good' (好); woman is related to evil (奸); – Tang Ho May 4 '20 at 17:35

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