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I can grasp how卩 (“to kneel”) relates to definitions 1-3 below. But how does 皀 + 卩 compound to mean definitions 4-14 that don't relate to food or kneeling and that all differ from each other? Definitions 5 and 7 are the ones that overlap at all! I screenshot Yellowbridge.

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即 - Wiktionary

Glyph origin

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (“ancient round-mouthed food vessel”) +  (“to kneel”) – to come near to eat; to approach.

Definitions

  1. † to come near to eat
  2. † to approach; to come near; to be near
  3. † to ascend; to go up; to assume office
  4. prompted by the occasion
  5. though; although
  6. if; assuming
  7. even if; even though
  8. then
  9. while
  10. as soon as
  11. namely; that is; to be the same as; i.e.
  12. promptly; quickly; immediately; at once
  13. at present; today
  14. A surname​.
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imo, yexxxxxxxxxx and wikxxxxxxx are suitable for beginner only. if you’re interested in etymology, use proper, and better tools; please.

multi-function chinese character database (漢語多功能字庫)

it’s maintained by the chinese university of hong kong

http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-mf/search.php?word=即

read the text in the middle, compare the character in oracle, bronze and seal script.

or, try the 小學堂 , of taiwan

http://xiaoxue.iis.sinica.edu.tw/yanbian?kaiOrder=497

read the character in oracle script, make a mental image :)

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甲金文从「皀」从「卩」,像人跪(卩)于食器前就食之形,本义是就食,引申为接近。

——汉语多功能词库,香港中文大学

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