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This post on Reddit gives eleven 把 sentences containing grammar errors (original image). It looks like a worthwhile exercise. (A native Chinese speaker /u/Lvguichen gave corrections without explanations.)

I'm hoping to get feedback on my understanding, so please critique my explanations below.

In the following sentences the highlighted terms are misplaced:

(1) 我把作业已经交给老师了。 --> 我已经把作业交给老师了。
(4) 他把英语课本没有放回书架上。 --> 他没有把英语课本放回书架上。
(5) 地上有水,你把背包不要放在地上。 --> 地上有水,你不要把背包放在地上。

In the following sentences the highlighted verbs lack complements:

(3) 我们先把啤酒再走,好吗? --> 我们先把啤酒喝完再走,好吗?
(7) 别忘了把身份证! --> 别忘了把身份证带上

These two are incorrect because they involve transitive verbs which lack objects:

(2) 他不喜欢把自己的东西。 --> 他不喜欢把自己的东西借出去
(10) 你不可能把他认识,你们从来没见过面。 --> 你不可能认识他,你们从来没见过面。

(I can't think of a reasonable way to say 认识他 beginning 把他...)

This one reads like something clumsily translated from English (and ignores Chinese grammar):

(6) 弟弟常常藏脏衣服在床底下。 --> 弟弟常常脏衣服在床底下。

The following seems wrong because 把 requires a positive action (把论文写完 is okay, but 把论文写不完 is not):

(9) 来不及了,我论文写不完! --> 我不能把论文写完

Below 当 and 作 seem completely wrong:

(11) 别傻子了。 --> 别傻子了


For this one, I don't understand the grammar error (/u/Lvguichen simply deleted the 了):

(8) 顾客一些水果放在购物篮里

Similar examples are online: 女孩放在包里[src] and 昨天东西放在桌子上[src]. In fact, even the Chinese Grammar Wiki gives such an example 她我的手机放在她的包里.

  • 1
    For (7), your answer is correct, but a more common way to say it is 别忘了带身份证 (i.e. not using 把 at all). – Max Xiong May 28 '20 at 19:01
1

(11) 别当我作傻子了。 --> 别把我当傻子了

another way to fix it is use "当是" instead of "当作" e.g. 别当我是傻子了

[当][我][是][傻子] is [v] + [n] + [v] + [n]

[当(我)作][傻子] is [verb + (n) + verb complement] + [n] (we don't insert noun between verb and verb complement)

~

(8) 顾客把一些水果[放]在购物篮里[了] --> 顾客把一些水果[放了]在购物篮里

If 了 is treated as a verb particle that indicate the action is completed, it is more effective to place it directly after the verb 放

If 了 is treated as a final particle that indicate change of situation, the sentence seems incomplete (what made the customers not put some vegetable in the basket before?)

  • I think 顾客把一些水果放在了购物篮里 sounds more natural for 8 – Max Xiong May 28 '20 at 19:00
  • No, 顾客把一些水果放了在购物篮里 is the native way to speak. ; 顾客把一些水果放在了购物篮里 is unnatural – Tang Ho May 28 '20 at 20:11
  • Well I haven't really lived in China for like 7 years now... even though I am native – Max Xiong May 28 '20 at 20:14
1

“把”字句语法:

施事-把-受事-动作-补语

注意:

1、动作不能没有补语(2)(3)(7)

2、不及物动词、系动词、趋向动词、表感受的动词不能作为“把”字句的动作 (10)

3、否定词、能愿词和时间词提到“把”之前(1)(4)(5)

4、“把”字句不能应用可能补语(9)

我一天以内把工作做得完->我一天以内能把工作做完

补充:

5、“把”的宾语可以确指、泛指,但不能不定指

把一本书拿过来好吗?-> 把那本书拿过来好吗?

6、“把”字句的结果补语、状态补语指向的应是宾语而非主语

他把故事听高兴了->他听故事听高兴了

另:什么时候非用“把”字句不可(6)(11)

Chris Xia的回答

实际上这两句不能算完全错误,现在许多人也能接受(但正如你所说,不太自然)

(8)是正确的

注:

以上规则皆仅适用于纯粹的现代汉语,役于文风、对仗、修辞、音律、仿古等用者常有例外

夫妻双双把家还

却把青梅嗅

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