I have some doubts about the sentence order for time adverbs.
Note: Time adverbs tell us when an action happened, but also for how long, and how often. English examples:
- When: today, yesterday, later, now, last year.
- For how long: all day, not long, for a while, since last year.
- How often: sometimes, frequently, never, often, yearly.
I know the usual sentence order in Mandarin is:
S + Time + VP
But when we want to put emphasis on the Time, this structure is also allowed:
Time + S + VP
However, structure 2 does not seem to apply for all adverbs of time. I know time adverbs expressing frequency and duration follow a different pattern. But here I am thinking of time adverbs indicating habitual actions such as 经常 (often), 总是 (always) or 一般 (usually). For example, in here they explain we can not say structure 2:
Jīngcháng tā bù chī zǎo fàn.
But only structure 1:
Tā jīngcháng bù chī zǎo fàn.
He often skips breakfast.
On the other hand, I have seen some other examples of time adverbs indicating habitual actions following structure 2 with "每 + Time + S + 都", such as:
Měitiān wǒ dōu yùndòng.
Everyday I do exercise.
Q1: Which adverbs of time can follow structure 2?
Q2: When there are several adverbs of time, is there a rule indicating their order?
For example, can we rewrite the following examples:
Zhōumò wǒ jīngcháng qù xuéxiào.
I often go to school on weekends.
(with time adverbs: 周末, 经常), such as:
Wǒ yībān 12 diǎn shuìjiào.
I usually go to bed at 12 o'clock.
(with time adverbs: 一般, 12点), such as: