Is the use of 地 in the following document correct (some specific samples included below)? I feel like there are many cases where 的 should have been used, but 地 is used instead. The number of such cases has me concerned that I am missing or misunderstanding something important about the language. If that usage is correct, could you please help me understand why?

Otherwise, would this just be a stylistic choice on the part of the author for some effect? Is this usage common, e.g. in some genres of literature, in a certain regional variant, etc?


Some samples from that document:





Thank you!

  • 1
    的 should be used in all of these example sentences
    – blackgreen
    Aug 8, 2020 at 21:08
  • 2
    At first I thought it was just a bunch of refuses. But given that the book genre is fantasy and this usage of 地 appears deliberate, I'm led to believe it's a stylistic choice, probably to represent the foreignness of the setup/location. Vaguely similar to Japanese mangas using Katakana to represent the speech of some non-human characters. But I can't find a precise pattern in the text you linked: some 's are used correctly...
    – blackgreen
    Aug 8, 2020 at 21:34
  • 1
    Thanks, blackgreen! Appreciate you having looked through some of the text on that page. Please know that your belief that this is a stylistic choice due to the genre is very reassuring to me.
    – orz
    Aug 8, 2020 at 22:57
  • 2
    If blackgreen is right about using 地 as a stylistic choice, all of the examples should be in dialogue, not in narrative. It is like they make Yoda speak in an ungrammatical way in Star Wars
    – Tang Ho
    Aug 8, 2020 at 23:35
  • 2
    Internet novels are usually written very quickly (for instance 5000 characters each day) and full of errors. Also there are many piracy sites and they sometimes add even more errors. As a learner, don't trust internet novels too much. If the novel gets published as a real book, editors will proofread it and such a book will be much safer.
    – Betty
    Aug 9, 2020 at 14:18

1 Answer 1


I think the document has simply not been well proofread. The usage of 地 is not consistent though. We can see the examples like:


So, I don't believe it's anything relevant to any dialects or stylistics. Those are simply the errors that need to be corrected.

  • 1
    It's hard to believe that. The errors are too many, and when inputing characters with IME, the first choice is always the correct , as it's statistically more frequent for the pinyin syllable DE. Try that yourself on your keyboard with 唯一的, or whatever else. To type 地 instead of 的 you must choose it explicitly.
    – blackgreen
    Aug 9, 2020 at 0:43
  • 3
    @blackgreen There is also this :"但是,作为这个村子里唯一铁匠" . It is quite inconsistent. I also believe it is a bad IME / bad input habit (no quite sure about his though) / lack of proof reading problem.
    – fefe
    Aug 9, 2020 at 0:54
  • I agree with dan and fefe, If it is a stylistic choice, all the examples should be in dialogue, not in narrative
    – Tang Ho
    Aug 9, 2020 at 2:27
  • 1
    @fefe Yeah, that's what I thought. I'd even thought they might have used some type of "voice input", which causes the 的 and 地 to pop up randomly. But it's all guess work.
    – dan
    Aug 9, 2020 at 3:33

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