What is the difference between 开 and 举办 in the following sentence?
They both mean "to hold". Can you use both for big events like 奥运会 or little events like 派对 or 聚会 ?
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开 has other meanings beside; 'to hold' (events)
举办 is a specific term for 'hosting' and 'organizing'. If an organization 举办 something, you expect it to be well organized.
开 is less formal than举办. E.g. 在我家开派对 is less formal than 在我家举办派对.
在我家开派对 can mean you casually call a few friends over to your house. Not much preparation is required
We say 开班会, not 举办班会 because 班会 is a regular event, no additional organizing is needed
We say 举办学生会选举, not 开学生会选举 because 学生会选举 is a formal event that needed to be organized
In short, 开 (to hold) is more general and casual; 举办 (to hold) is more specific and formal (officially hold and organize)
开 itself carries the meaning of 'hold', it doesn't need to be short for anything
Depend on the context, 开 can be short for:
开办 (open and operate/ open and run) e.g. 开(办)学校
召开 (call for and open) e.g. (召)开会议
开 is short and casual version of 召开. So, the reason why 开 is casual is because of that omitting in spoken.
Both 召开 and 举办 are formal, but they denotes different meanings.
召开 means convene or convoke. E. g. convene a meeting.
举办 is understood as 举行(to hold or stage)，经办(to handle). So, 举办 involves planning, applying, preparing, documenting, organizing, etc besides hold the event per se. E. g. 举办奥林匹克运动会 implies that they will do more work such as planning, preparing, organizing, etc to make sure the Olympics opened successfully. Well, 召开奥林匹克运动会 just simply means open the Olympics and doesn't imply anything else as 举办 does.
开 - to open (informal)
召开 - to open(formal)
办 - to hold(informal)
举办 - to hold(formal)
There are general rules about formal and informal, big events and little events. However, it's still better to spend time remembering different collocations. These are my personal feeling about various collocations.
开运动会 √ authentic, colloquial expression
召开运动会 sounds a bit weird, 召开 relates more about meetings
办运动会 ok, but less frequently used than 开
举办运动会 √ authentic, formal expression
开派对 √ authentic, colloquial expression
召开派对 sounds a bit weird, 召开 is too formal for a party
办派对 we don't use it like this
举办派对 sounds a bit weird, 举办 is too formal for a party
开聚会 we don't use it like this
召开聚会 we don't use it like this
办聚会 √ authentic, colloquial expression
举办聚会 sounds a bit weird, 举办 is too formal for a party