2

In English, we can say "He bought something to eat," where "to eat" functions like an adjective to "something." I'm wondering whether in Classical Chinese, "以 V 之" shares this function.

I'd appreciate your help.

  • 2
    using grammar to comprehend classical chinese is, like using newton physics to explain the paradox “Schrödinger's cat”. sincerely, be open minded, shift paradigm 😸 – 水巷孑蠻 Aug 19 at 4:13
  • How do you interpret ""每多得鰻黧魚以食之"? – Apollyon Aug 19 at 5:59
  • @水巷孑蠻 On the contrary, I do recommend to learn the grammar for 古汉语. But of course, it's hard though. – dan Aug 19 at 23:49
  • @dan, to comprehend classical chinese, it’s really hard by using grammar 🙀 shift paradigm lah 😸 – 水巷孑蠻 Aug 20 at 0:47
3

in classical chinese, the structure “以” + one character + “之” could be interpreted in multiple ways.

in the analects (論語), chapter 為政:

子曰・詩三百・一言以蔽之曰・思無邪

confucius said (子曰): “the book of odes” (詩三百), in one verse, (一言) for (以) summarising (蔽) it (之) ; [which] is (曰): think (思) without (無) depravation (邪)

that, “it” referred back to “the book of odes”

https://ctext.org/dictionary.pl?if=gb&id=1119

again in the analects (論語), chapter 里仁:

子曰・. . . ・好仁者・無以尚之

confucius said (子曰): “. . ., those who (者) preferred (好) virtue (仁), nothing (無) could be (以) appended to (尚) [his/her goodness] (之)

i would interpret like this, others might disagree :)

https://ctext.org/dictionary.pl?if=gb&id=1173#s10020221

in the book “稽神錄”, volume 3:

. . . 頃之・其女病・即生釘棺中・流之於江・至金山・有漁人見而異之・引之至岸・開視之・見女子猶活・因取置漁舍中・多得鰻鯬魚以食之・久之病愈・遂為漁人之妻・至今尚無恙

many times (多), catching (得) eels (鰻鯬魚) for (以) feeding (食 —> 餵食) her (之)

or, repeatedly (多), using (得) eels (鰻鯬魚) to (以) feed (食 —> 餵食) her (之)

in which, her (之) is referred to the sick girl (女病) whom is put into a coffin alive (生釘棺中), dropped into the river (流之於江), and saved by the fisherman.

treat “食” as “eat” in the above verses is, incorrect.

enter image description here

have fun :)

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.