In my chinese book i saw the next sentence.


In the dictionary said 低 could be a verb meaning to drop.

But 高 did not appear as a verb. But i found sentence like this in the internet. ?is it right?


Or is better to say

"最高气温很少超过40度" "最高气温很少达40度"

How about using the word 降到。


¿what would be the opposite of 降到?


  • 低 means' low'; not a verb.
    – Tang Ho
    Commented Sep 5, 2020 at 16:59

3 Answers 3


The construction Adj. + 于, where the adjective X is actually a stative verb means "more X than".

Stative verbs, which in English are normally translated as adjectives, are verbs that describe qualities, and can be modified by intensifiers as 很,太,非常, etc.

低 means "low", it is a stative verb, therefore 低于3度 means "lower than 3 degrees". If you want to keep some morphological correspondence with English, you can render is as "to drop" (= to go lower than).

As for your example sentences:

  • 最高气温很少高于40度 here 高 (high, tall) is a stative verb, or adjective, like 低 (in fact it's its antonym), therefore this is a correct sentence, where 高于40度 means "higher than 40 degrees".

  • 最高气温很少超过40度 I think 超过 is not the best verb here, but the sentence sounds fine to me.

  • 最高气温很少达40度 here 达 alone doesn't sound okay; I would say 达到

  • 最高气温很少降到40度 the word 降到 means “to fall, to drop" so this sentence is borderline nonsensical (= the highest air temperature rarely drops to 40 degrees). You can use 升到 "to rise" instead: 最高气温很少升到40度


低 can be a verb as in 把头低下.

However, in your sentence it's used as an adjective. In Chinese grammar, adjective can be used as a predicate, which is the difference from English. E. g. 她很漂亮。她很高。

于 is a preposition and used for comparison. E. g. 大于, 小于,高于,低于.

So, both 最高气温很少高于40度 and 最低气温很少低于3度 are correct. And 最低气温很少低于3度 is correct, not because 低 is a verb.


It's not a verb in this context. It's more adjective in semantics...

So that you can understand the 2 sentences as adj

低于 lower than 高于 higher than

  • Not sure why this answer is downvoted. But this is right to me.
    – dan
    Commented Sep 10, 2020 at 2:22

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