Is there a shorter term for the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国)? Seven syllables is quite a mouthful. There's 中国 and 大陆 but they aren't quite the same.

  • 中国 (China) can include the Taiwan, the Republic of China's territory, under a One China principle
  • 大陆 (mainland) doesn't include Hong Kong and Macau
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    Some Chinese consider Taiwan is part of China and some don't. For all other countries, 中国 is officially the People's Republic of China. – Tang Ho Sep 11 '20 at 7:44
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    In special context, you can use "共和国". For example, "共和国之光". – T-Pioneer Sep 11 '20 at 16:03

Following are the internationally recognized terms used. They should be very clear for you to find out the English equivalent:

  • 中(华人民共和)国 — () usually omitted unless very formal
  • [中国]大陆 — [] not often omitted
  • 台湾{地区} / {中国}台湾 — {} showing political preference
  • {中国}香港 — {} showing political preference
  • {中国}澳门 — {} showing political preference

支那 is one of them but it is considered offensive.

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    Calling China 支那 is as offensive as calling African Nigger. Do be careful. – River Sep 13 '20 at 2:47

Fortunately, there is already an entry on wikipedia here zh-cn and here en-us, plus many other language pages. You will get to know all alternative names of China, both contemporary and conventional.

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