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有只有三个声调的官话方言吗?东干语有四个音素的声调,但是在没有变调的上下文只有三个不同的声调, 例如在短语的末尾。有没有在每个上下文都用三个声调的方言?

Are there any Mandarin dialects with three tones? Standard Dungan has four phonemic tones, but only has three in contexts where tone sandhi doesn't apply, such as phrase-finally. Are there any with three tones in all contexts?

Excerpt from Wikipedia article on Dungan

There are two main dialects, one with 4 tones and the other, considered standard, with 3 tones in the final position in phonetic words and 4 tones in the nonfinal position.

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  • I dont believe its claiming that there's only 3 tones, it states that the final position only has 3 tones. It also says that the non final position has 4 tones. Whether those tonws overlap isn't stated but at the very least there are 4 tones. Regardless, it is a Dungan dialect and is written using Cyrillic letters instead of Chinese characters. Though technically a sinitic language, I doubt anyone on this website would be able to help you much with that Oct 6 '20 at 6:17
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    I did not mean to imply that Standard Dungan has three phonemic tones. I meant that it has four tones and therefore is not an example of a Mandarin dialect with three tones, despite only having three distinct tones phrase-finally. I mentioned Dungan specifically because I wanted to exclude it as an example. Oct 6 '20 at 6:25
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Lanyin Mandarin

特征

兰银官话古入声清音声母和次浊声母字今读去声,全浊声母今读阳平。其中永登、皋兰、古浪、天祝四个地点平声不分阴阳,只有平声、上声、去声三个调;其余地点阳平与上声同调,只有阴平、上声、去声三个调。

Ürümqi Mandarin (Included in the above Lanyin topolect)

乌鲁木齐话有3个单字调:
阴平 ˦˦ 44
阳平 ˥˩ 51
去声 ˨˩˧ 213

The following might not strictly be Mandarin, but are interesting nonetheless.

Tianshui Topolect (Gansu)

There are only 3 citation tones in Tianshui dialect.

Xunhua Topolect (Qinghai):

循化话有3个单字调,湟中话有2个单字调。

(The Huangzhong topolect only has two tones.)

Nanjiang Topolect

兰银官话北疆片、中原官话南疆片基本上都是3个单字调,但调类不同。

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