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I recently came across a sentence with 深深感动 in it. Can 深深 be an adverb without 地? For example: 让顾客和所有参与者都深深感动

  • Your example means the same with/out 地. – dan Oct 19 at 22:18
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You can use 深深 as an adverb without 地

From my answer to this question

  • Adverb with 地 emphasizes the 'manner of the action'. For example '大力地打'

  • Adverb without 地 focuses on the verb itself, with the adverb as an equal-weighted complement. For example '大力打'

  • A single character adverb doesn't usually use 地. For example '痛打','狠批' (never '痛地打','狠地批')

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figure out the difference between 的,地,得(all are pronounce de but with different tone)

they are fixed expressions.
chinese adj + 的 + noun.
adj + 地 + verb.
adj + 得 + degree verb.

so in this case, 深深的 is an adjective, 深深地 is an adverb. 打 means to hit which is a verb, so 用力地打 is to hit hard. and you can say 用力打 without 地 for it is a fixed expression.

for those words/phrases can either be a verb or an adjective, you could still speak without 的/地 in most cases ‘cause we can figure out whether it is an adv + verb phrase or an adj + noun phrase according to the context.

take 打击, which means blow, for example

此次行动 对 敌人 造成了 沉重(的)打击。=> this action has made a great blow on the enemies.
此次行动 沉重(地)打击了 敌人。=> this action greatly hit the enemies.

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