2

Learning the word 斥 chì to blame,to reprimand, to expel, (of territory) to expand. What is the etymology and how it is to blame?

2

「斥」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*tʰAk/) was originally a character formed by modifying 「宅」 (/*m-tˤak/, dwelling). The modern meaning either originated as a phonetic loan or semantic extension (expand one's dwelling > expand territory > to expel (enemies) > to reprimand > to blame).


時期
字體
字形 參考資料

宅 2256
合集14206
西周
宅 𣄰尊
集成6014
戰國
古幣
厇 81
古幣文編
戰國・
厇 190
包山楚簡
戰國・楚
㡯 109
望山楚簡1

㡿 8.11
睡虎地秦簡
東漢
𢇛
魯峻碑
斥


宅
 

宅
 

厇
 

厇
 

㡯
 

First, an internal sequence of developments in 「宅」 caused 「宀」 to sometimes be corrupted into 「厂」 or 「广」, forming 「厇」 or 「㡯」, respectively.


㡿
 

Next, the inside was phonetically corrupted into 「屰」 (/*ŋrak/).


𢇛
 

斥
 

Further corruptions caused the shape to morph into something that looked identical to 「厈」, then eventually changing into 「斥」.


References:

1

斥 has both components that have been corrupted over time. It comprises 广 and 屰. 广 is a roof, meaning home or building related, while 屰 is an upside-down 大, meaning reverse. When you expel or dismiss a person, you send them on the reverse direction and away from the building. 屰 is possibly a sound component as well.

Correct me if I am wrong, but blame is likely a borrowed meaning from the derived character 訴.

http://www.zdic.net/hans/%E6%96%A5

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