1

The Hanzi meaning for 圭 guī = (old) jade tablet (a ceremonial badge of rank)

I checked the images, not sure based on what jade tablet 圭 is drawn, can any one point to the correct image? Thanks

6

「圭」 does not come from a depiction of a tablet. That meaning of jade tablet is a semantic extension.


時期
字體
字形 參考資料
A

圭 6776
合集11006
B

玉璋
⿹戈士 殷墟玉璋
西周
圭 師遽方彝
集成9897
春秋
⿹戈圭 旨於賜戈
集成11310
戰國
石刻文
圭 詛楚文
東漢
圭 華山廟碑

圭

「圭」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*[k]ʷˤe/, jade implement) had two origins: A) the blade-head of a ceremonial jade dagger-axe 「戈」 (/*kʷˤaj/), and B) semantic 「士」 (bladed weapon > soldier) with simultaneously semantic and phonetic 「戈」.

For reference, Shāng-era forms of 「戈」 inscribed with an emphasised blade-head:



enter image description here
屯南2194
 


戈
戈觶
集成6054

Series A) doesn't survive in the modern writing system; for Series B), later on, 「士」 was doubled, and 「戈」 was omitted. The 「士」-shapes were eventually corrupted into 「土」, forming 「圭」.


References:

1

If you google for images of 圭 you may find the designs vary a bit. The following is the shape given by dictionaries:

辞源 ▼

辞源

汉语大字典 ▼

enter image description here

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