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This feels like the opposite of 减/減 (Reduce/Subtract/Decrease/Diminish): What's it got to do with water?. I read 演 = 氵+ 寅 but what's it got to do with water!? How did it get its modern meanings?. I screenshot Yellowbridge.

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Please explain definitions 4-5 from Wiktionary, as they differ from the standard definitions 1-3.

  1. (Cantonese) Modal particle expressing emphasis.
  2. (Taishanese) need to (do something); have to
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添 is related to water because 添 is mostly referred to adding/refilling of liquid' e.g. 添酒,添水,添油 (add wine, add water, add oil)

酒 and 油 are not 水 but all characters related to liquid use 氵 as its radical, and 添 is too -- The most common and easy thing to add is liquid

添 = add --> also -->futhermore

Cantonese uses 添 as a modal particle expressing emphasis, which implies 'just remember/ be reminded'

Example:

唔記得買米 = forgot to buy rice

唔記得買米(添) = (oh/ouch/ just remember) forgot to buy rice

冇米點煮飯? = how can dinner be cooked with no rice

冇米(添)!點煮飯? = (oh/ouch/ just remember) there is no rice, how can dinner be cooked?

仲唔記得買米 = still/ also forgot to buy rice

仲唔記得買米(添)/ 仲(添)唔記得買米 = (furthermore), also forgot to buy rice

(Taishanese) need to (do something); have to

Taishanese user please answer this part

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  • Did you discuss 水 in your answer? – hims Apr 11 at 20:45
  • @hims I thought water is related to add is obvious, e.g. 添酒,添水,添油 (add wine, add water, add oil) The most common and easy thing to add is liquid. 酒 and 油 are not 水 but all characters related to liquid use 氵 as its radical, and 添 is too – Tang Ho Apr 11 at 20:59
  • Thanks. Sorry, it's not obvious how 'water' is related to 'add'. "The most common and easy thing to add is liquid." Perhaps, but I don't know chemistry and I'm not sure. I'll believe you though. – hims Apr 11 at 21:09

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