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Since I'm encountering issues originating from using (insufficiently precise and often incomplete) Chinese-English and English-Chinese dictionaries, I'm trying to make the switch to Chinese-Chinese dictionaries. In one such dictionary, we find the definition of 论证:

论证 (lùn​zhèng​)

  1. 名:逻辑学指引用论据来证明论题的真实性的论述过程,是由论据推出论题时所使用的推理形式。
  2. 动:论述并证明:~会。
  3. 名:立论的根据。

现代汉语词典 (original)

I think I understand 2 and 3 clearly enough: 你论证了你的观点 (def. 2; verb), and 你的论证很有道理 (def. 3; noun). The first definition above is a bit more complicated, however. I feel it means something like the English "argumentation", as an abstract, academic concept.

I feel that perhaps this example sentence from YouDao captures the first definition (although I'm not sure if it's a good example):

根据市场和生产厂家的情况,通过论证与分析,阐述了配制米的定义和品种种类。

Here I interpret the middle part as "..., by means of argumentation and analysis, ...". That's the best I've found at this point.

Question: What are some example sentences for 现代汉语词典's first definition of 论证?

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  • if you’re using chinese - chinese dictionary, the 國語辭典 is the authentic, authoritative one you need: dict.revised.moe.edu.tw/cbdic/search.htm 😸 Aug 6 at 0:11
  • 1
    Although similar, I think 辯證 is "proof through (the knowledge-based) argument/debate" - 辯論證實, and 論證 is "proof through theory (and logic)" - 理論證實.
    – r13
    Aug 6 at 1:42
  • 👍Thumb up for the use of Chinese-Chinese dictionaries. Aug 6 at 20:08
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Just add to dan's answer, the dictionary actually explains that to you.

逻辑学指...
逻辑学 - logic
指 - refer to

Together, definition 1 means In logic, the word refers to.... Although it is clearer to say:

(论证) 在逻辑学中指...

And you are indeed right on the translation of definition 1. It is an logic terminology means "argument".

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From this website

他的 论证 严密,无可辩驳。

我们写文章要围绕中心论点展开 论证

按照这种 论证 的方法,充类至尽,问题也许就可以解决了。

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It's the definition in 逻辑学. Usually, you don't have to care about it. Here is the Baidu reference.

Normally, we just focus on definition 2 & 3.

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