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The top 5 languages spoken in china are:

Mandarin Cantonese Hokkien Shanghainese Hakka

But I can't find what percentage of China speak Hokkien

2 Answers 2

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Exact percentage is hard to determine since there can be

  • People grown up in XX Province not knowing how to speak the dialect (as is my case)
  • People who was born in YY Province and, having worked in ZZ province for decades, learns how to speak the dialect there.

So...

  • Mandarin: Originated from Beijing and is taught everywhere, as everyone is required to go through at least 9 years of education, nearly everyone can speak it except some old people.

  • Cantonese: Spoken in Guangdong Province, Hong Kong and Macau mainly, at most 85 million people speak it if you count all sub-dialects

  • Hokkien: Spoken in Fujian Province, Taiwan, Philippines, and other S Asian countries, 20 million people within China speak it, while 30 million outside do.

  • Hakka: Spoken in Guangdong mainly and has a speaker of around 50 million

  • Shanghainese: is a variety of the Wu dialect, has ~14 million speakers.

Numbers are grabbed from their respective Wikipedia pages.

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source:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%97%BD%E5%8D%97%E8%AF%AD

于2017年,全球以闽南语(包括海南话等)为母语的人数约为7000万人,其中中国大陆的闽南语人口(包括海南话)则是2710万人(2013)[1]。全球闽南语以使用者人口排名并非定值而会浮动,估计位居世界第20~30名之间。

2710万/14亿=1.94%

About 2% of people in China speak Hokkien

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