I see 到 used with some verbs describing a result, I am wondering if there are a specific number of verbs in the structure V+(de)dao到. Is there an exhaustive number of verbs that can be used with V+ 到? Or is it just a limited number of verbs and if yes, where can I find them?
Any verb that can be deemed successful or takes an object can use 到
Let's randomly pick a few unrelated verbs and see which of them can or cannot use 到
碰到 (O) touch - you can attempt to touch but not actually succeed, 到 indicates it is touched successfully
看到 (O) see - you can attempt to see but not actually succeed, 到 indicates it is seen successfully
打到 (O) hit - you can attempt to hit but not actually succeed, 到 indicates it is hit successfully
走到 (O) walk/ go - "走到 somewhere", and this "somewhere" is the object
學到 (O) learn you can attempt to learn but not actually succeed, 到 indicates it is learned successfully
想到 (O) think - "想到 something", and this "something" is the object
哭到 (X) cry - you don't have to try to cry, so it can't be deemed successful, and 哭 doesn't take an object
笑到 (X) laugh - you don't have to try to laugh, so it can't be deemed successful, and 笑 doesn't take an object
The interpretation of "success" happens only when the process is associated with a target in the first place. For example:
When we delimit a target P, we also envisage the non P (out of the target). The idea of success comes from hitting P and not non P.
If the process is not associated with a predefined target, we don't have the interpretation of "success". Instead, we have a kind of "it so happened that...". For example:
In the classic situation of "Pick a card, any card", one uses 到 with any card he just happens to have picked:
- 我抽到... etc.
It is like calling what you have hit the target only after shooting.