I'm certain 林俊宏 is an accomplished translator whose skill is far far beyond my puny attempts. I'm just wondering about this 加以。

Original English sentence from Sapiens, 人类简史:

In addition, since humans are born underdeveloped, they can be educated and socialised to a far greater extent than any other animal.

Original English sentence translated by 林俊宏 and back-translated by me.

In addition,
since humans are born underdeveloped,
compared to other animals,
they can be educated and socialised to a far greater extent.

加以:in addition, moreover
加以:can also function a bit like 把 to indicate 改变 applies to something previously mentioned (人类??)。

What is 加以 in this sentence??

1 Answer 1


加 as a verb can mean: to add; to impose; to apply)


  • 刀斧身 = apply severe bodily harm or death (upon someone)

  • 黃袍身 = impose the imperial title (upon someone)

加以 = impose with / apply with


  • 加以起訴 = impose with indictment (= to indict)

  • 加以惩罚 = impose with/ apply with punishment (= to punish)

  • 加以改变 = apply with change (= to change)

也就更能够 - therefore, more able to

用教育和社会化的方式 - use the education and socialization method

加以改变 - (to) apply with change (= to change it)

  • So, could I change this to: 也就更能够用教育和社会化的方式来改变人类动物。
    – Pedroski
    Jan 7, 2022 at 22:51
  • @Pedroski If you meant "也就更能够用教育和社会化的方式来改变人类" ? the answer is Yes, "改变人类" (change human)= 对人类加以改变 (apply change to human)
    – Tang Ho
    Jan 7, 2022 at 22:54

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