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It seems 具备 and 条件 form a collocation, such as:

……,我具备今年参加司法考试的所有的条件,……
..., I possess all of this year's judicial test's requirements, ...
Source: random Chinese government website.

However, this doesn't make sense in English: the "requirements" don't belong to "me", they belong to someone else: I can't possess someone else's requirements (however, I could satisfy them, or I could have the qualifications). So I have no intuition on how this works.

My dictionary gives the definitions:

具备:(动) 具有;齐备
条件:(名) 1: 形象事物存在和发展变化的诸因素。 2: 规定应遵守的要求、标准。 3: 状况。

It seems like 我具备……条件 doesn't make sense in Chinese for the same reason: the 条件 belong to someone else, therefore I cannot 具备 them. Thus, if it was me writing, I would use 我具备……所需要的资格 or 我满足……所有的条件.

Question: How do I make sense of 具备……条件?

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  • How about, in this context, translate 条件 as "qualifying requirements"? And 具备 as "meet" or as you say "satisfy" So, the English version goes like "I meet / satisfy all of this year's judicial test's qualifying requirements" And, yes, a singular translation of 具备 as "possess" is restrictive in English which ordinarily confines "possess" to something that amounts to "ownership", or "personal belongings", rather than "possessing" a certain personal "attribute" which is what 具备 is meant in this context. Commented Apr 14, 2022 at 2:40

3 Answers 3

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条件: requirement; condition; required qualification

条件 here should be interpreted as 'required qualification ' not 'requirement'

具备今年参加司法考试的所有的条件

I possess all of this year's judicial test's required qualifications

More Example:

Hire the qualified = Hire the qualified (applicant)

Help the poor = Help the poor (people)

Have all the required = Have all the required (elements)

Disambiguation:

  • 有条件的人择偶会比较容易 - The ones who have required qualities have an easier time finding a mate

  • 让你入会是有条件的 - Your admission is conditional

  • 入会的条件是月入超过十万美元 = The requirement for joining the club is a monthly income over $100,000/ The required qualification for joining the club is a monthly income over $100,000

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"... the 条件 belong to someone else, therefore I cannot 具备" - Wrong.

In concerns of personal qualifications, 条件 can be interpreted as 資格, for example,

  • 我有(具备)条件去參加.... = 我有(具备)資格去參加...

  • 条件不夠. = 我資格不夠. "不夠" = "不具备".

The uses of these two words differ slightly. "資格" is more pertaining to the personal education, experience, and moral qualifications; 条件 covers the former two qualifications, physical conditions, and social-economic status of a person. Both can be possessed by anybody, including self.

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  • an upvote for the interpretation 条件 as 资格
    – HYC
    Commented Apr 14, 2022 at 8:21
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Don't see any problem with "requirements". Certain preconditions are necessary before you may sit the exam.

我具备今年参加司法考试的所有的条件.
I have all the requirements for participating in this year's Judicial Official Exam.

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