I thought this would be an interesting puzzle for some users here. This is an exam question for university graduate students in linguistics (source):
I don't know most of the answers myself. My partial answers:
I'm guessing 3 is 带有意义. Actually, 腐败 has two antonyms, one is 新鲜 and the other is 清廉 or 廉洁 (I had to look up this second one; I encountered it a long time ago when I first met 腐败). I'd be rather surprised if 6 is not also 形容词, but the question seems to suggest it. I'm fairly confident the subject of 7 is 我 (not 这件事). I think 9 is 因果关系. And I'm not sure how to fill in the blank in 10, but it's something like 非字面的意思, non-textual meaning.
Question: What are the answers to this linguistics graduate-student entrance exam question?