I have previously received great help here on discovering the meaning of characters and seals on a pair of Chinese paintings I own. I also own a third Chinese painting which I've always wondered what its seal and Chinese characters mean. The painting is a landscape painting and the seals and characters are situated on the upper-left corner (please see images below), thanks in advance for the help. thepainting The Chinese Landscape Painting.

sealandcharacters Close-up of the paintings seal and characters.


1 Answer 1


己亥 - The 己亥 year: The previous 己亥年 was 1995, further back was 1935

Read about 干支 - Sexagenary cycle

冬 - Winter

寫於 - expressed at

香港 - Hong Kong

程振 - Cheng Zhen (the author)

The seal also read "程振" in seal script

寫 literally means "write" but @lilysirius pointed out 寫 here is short for 寫意 (express the feeling)

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    I was taught that the 題款 on a painting, 寫 always means 寫意,a term of the technique/style of Chinese painting, not to write or a general 寫 in 寫生
    – lilysirius
    Oct 29, 2022 at 22:46
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    in this case, 寫 should mean "created" or "expressed"
    – Tang Ho
    Oct 29, 2022 at 22:48
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    I don’t agree, it’s still 寫意. This is still one of the ways that I learned to do it myself. The verb to use is pretty fixed.
    – lilysirius
    Oct 29, 2022 at 22:54
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    寫意 literally means "express the feeling" and it would also include the meaning of "to create"
    – Tang Ho
    Oct 29, 2022 at 22:55
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    寫 is actually from calligraphy, to write something, either concrete or abstract. But then when 寫意 became a term, 寫 is used conventionally as a short hand for 寫意. As a 寫意畫 painter I wouldn’t think otherwise.
    – lilysirius
    Oct 29, 2022 at 23:00

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