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A common folk symbol listed on Wikipedia is this:

a circular symbol in red

Wikipedia claims this symbol is a "stylisation of the 禄 lù or 子 zi grapheme, respectively meaning "prosperity", "furthering", "welfare" and "son", "offspring". 字 zì, meaning "word" and "symbol", is a cognate of 子 zi and represents a "son" enshrined under a "roof". The symbol is ultimately a representation of the north celestial pole (Běijí 北极) and its spinning constellations, and as such it is equivalent to the Eurasian symbol of the swastika, 卍 wàn."

This symbol doesn't look like 禄 or 子, either in regular script or in seal script. Can someone explain how the symbol relates to the two characters mentioned? A source would be helpful.

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my English is limited.

禄 means money. In ancient China, 圆形方孔铜钱 Circular Coin with a Square Hole(a kind of coin showed as follows) is used as money.

enter image description here

I guess the symbol you mentioned looks like 圆形方孔铜钱 Circular Coin with a Square Hole, so it is related to .

As explained, I guess the outer layer means roof, inside layer sons.

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