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When using 多 or 少 to modify a noun, is 很 required before it?

我有很多書。
vs.
我有多書。

or

人很多。
vs.
人多。

I keep seeing 很 before 多, but no where tells me if it's required or not.

2 Answers 2

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is a word that means "more", or indicates greater quantity/amount by comparison.

  • 给我一點麵條 - give me a little more noodle.

  • 做少說 - work more, speak less.

  • 他賺的比較 - He makes/earns more (comparatively).

  • 福氣 - more sons, more grandkids, and more good fortune.

When modified by the adverb 很/许, 很多/许多 becomes a quantity word that means "many", or "very much/a lot (of)".

  • 我有很多書 - I have many books. Clearly, 我有多書 (I have more books), but 我有多種書 (I have many/all kinds of books) = 我有很多種類的書 (I have many/all kinds of books) is fine.

  • 他賺的很多 - He makes/earns "very much/a lot".

  • 佷多子孫** - many offsprings.

Lastly,

  • "人佷多 - a lot of people" vs "人嘴雜 - more people more different ideas".
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  • Isn't 'more' 更多? Or are 更多 and just 多 interchangeable when used before a noun?
    – Tosaku
    Jun 12, 2023 at 17:15
  • @Tosaku Please provide example sentences.
    – r13
    Jun 12, 2023 at 17:22
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Not always required!

A very good question, which I am not qualified to answer, but I will try anyway!

多:many, how many, multi-, multiple 许多: very many

I believe, 多 is an indefinite number. 很多 specifies 多 somewhat.

我有很多書。
I have a lot of books.

This seems to be a question but is not good Chinese:

你有多書
How many books do you have?

But that would be better like this:

你有多少书?

Use 多 alone:

此活动有多人参加?
How many people participated in this event?

本仪式有多国代表参加?
Are there representatives from multiple countries attending this ceremony?

这是个多人游戏?
This is a game for how many people?

二十多个人
more than 20 people

一滴它的毒素能杀死20多个人。
One drop of its toxin can kill more than 20 people.

他们为今天的收入做出了许多个人牺牲。
They have made many personal sacrifices to achieve today's income.

她挣很多钱。
She earns a lot.

How much does she earn?
她挣多少钱?

I have few books.
我的书很少。

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