I am making a fantasy language and trying to learn how other languages outside of English organize their grammars. I am looking at Mandarin Chinese Result Complements, and they are all complex statements when converted into English:
- 大: to make something big/wide
- 成: to change or turn something into something else
- 会: to know how to (do something)
It appears that Chinese doesn't have "prepositions" like "into" or even "down" as well:
- 我走下楼梯: I walked down the stairs. (where 下 means like "to go down", not just "down"). I [to walk] [to go down] [stairs] (subject verb verb object it seems)
So I'm wondering, how do you teach a native Chinese person the meaning of the words, or how do you define them in a dictionary? Given that, their definition in English involves so many prepositions and more "meta" words. Teaching an English speaker would make sense, you just describe the Chinese word using these prepositions / meta words. But if you are a native Chinese speaker, how do you define "to know how to x" without the 4 words "to, know, how, to"? I am having a hard time making the imaginative leap to seeing how you can learn words in Chinese which takes English a few words to describe.