Recently after I've happened to come across the component 倝 (gàn; sunrise, dawn) (Baxter-Sagart OC: *[k]ˤar-s), I was curious about the left component, or 龺, since I've also seen this component in other characters such as 朝 (cháo; dynasty/zhāo; morning) (Baxter-Sagart OC: *m-taw or *taw) and 翰 (hàn; writing brush, pen, pencil) (Baxter-Sagart OC: *[g]ˤar, *[g]ˤar-s or *m-kˤar-s).

However though when looking up the origin for this component, I came across three possible explanations.

The ones being are:

  • Pictograph of the sun (日) rising through the grass (originally either two or four 屮 components, now written as two 十 components).
  • Abbreviation of 倝.
  • Variation of 卓.

I think I understand that 龺 is not, in terms of etymology, related to 卓 since im assuming it is grouped that way since 卓 looks similar to 龺.

So maybe if I can get some clarification here, what is the true glyph origin for the component 龺? Is this component just an abbreviation of 倝 or is this a pictograph character?

(Also just a note, I've added the Baxter-Sagart old Chinese pronunciations just to see if any characters with that exact component is related at all to each other and looks like both 朝 and 翰 seem to not be related at all. However though both 倝 and 翰 seem to share similar pronunciations. I'm still a bit confused though on the usage of the component here.)

1 Answer 1


「龺」 is a regular script shape that appears multiple times by coincidence. There is not really a "glyph origin of 「龺」" to speak of:

  • 「倝」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*[k]ˤar-s/, sunrise) is comprised of semantic 「昜」 (bright) and phonetic 「㫃」 (/*qarʔ/).



    This form is an illustrative structure for 「倝」. There is no individual component like 「龺」; the thing that looks like 「早」 in 「倝」 is a graphical corruption of 「昜」, and the thing that looks like 「十」 (shape of a flagpole) and 「人」 (shape of a flag or banner) forms the picture that 「㫃」 represents.

    「倝」 is a very common phonetic component, such as in 「翰」, 「乾」, and 「幹」. It is also a phonetic component in 「韓」 (originally 「𩏑」), but here, the flag banner shape was left out.

  • 「朝」 (morning) is a picture of a (rising) sun 「日」 side-by-side with a (setting) moon 「月」 among plants and trees (multiple 「屮」 or 「木」).



    「龺」 is not an individual component here, but rather an arbitrary grouping of 「日」 and the plants and trees (abbreviated into 「十十」).

  • The "variant of 「卓」" is just a very rare shape change. 「卓」 is a picture of a child 「子」 with a tag on the child's head.



    「子」 was later corrupted into 「早」, and in 「𠦝」, the tag is written as 「十」.


  • 季旭昇《說文新證》

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