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经过沟通,大导演总算搞明白了,当地人自古就有一种习俗:在赶路时,用尽全力地向前冲,但每走上三天,便要休息一天。

This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 26. I need your help in the literal translation of this part: 在赶路时,用尽全力地向前冲。

So far, I have reached here:

在(in)赶路(hurrying)时(time),用尽(to use up or to deplete)全力地(fully)向前(forward or ahead)冲(沖 to pour water on or 衝 to go straight ahead)

As you can see, the last part doesn't make much sense. Any help?

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    Why it doesn't make sense? 向前衝 means "dash forward"
    – Tang Ho
    Dec 20, 2023 at 21:45
  • I perplexed the 沖 with the 衝, but I think that I still miss something. 用尽 is the verb and 向前冲 is the noun? Something like: 用尽全力地向前冲 = They depleted with all their power the "dashing forward"? Something like that? Dec 21, 2023 at 0:03

3 Answers 3

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As you can see, the last part doesn't make much sense.

I don't see that.

经过沟通,
By connecting the dots,
大导演总算搞明白了,
it finally dawned on the great director,
当地人自古就有一种习俗:
since ancient times the local people have a custom:
在赶路时,
en route to somewhere,
用尽全力地向前冲,
(they) use up all their strength to dash forward,
但每走上三天,
but, after three days of walking (like that),
便要休息一天。
(they) take a rest for one day.

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"衝" means "charge".

  • 用尽全力地向前冲 - charges forward/ahead with full/all strength.
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  • In that case, what is the meaning and the function of 用尽? Dec 21, 2023 at 0:15
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    用尽全力 -- use up all your strength Dec 21, 2023 at 0:39
  • 用尽, as indicated by @user2249675, is "used up" or "exhausted". I think you can add it to the end of the sentence - "...with full/all strength has been used up/exhausted."
    – r13
    Dec 21, 2023 at 1:20
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Having 地 in 用尽全力地 makes it an adverb phrase, and that modifies the verb 向前衝 (dash forward)

用尽全力 = exhaust all power

用尽全力地 = in a manner of exhausting all power

用尽全力地向前衝 = dash forward in a manner of exhausting all power = madly dash forward

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