I've realized that I still don't know the way to talk about "speaking a language", for instance the Chinese equivalents to sentences like these:
- Do you speak English?
- I can speak a little Chinese.
Of course there are other senses of "to speak" as in "he speaks very loudly" and "who were you speaking to?" and there is the similar word "to talk" which cannot be used with the name of a language, except in colloquial or nonstandard speech.
So I have found at least two single-syllable Chinese words that both seem to work for the sense of "to speak" that I am interested in:
Are these two interchangeable synonyms or are there subtle differences? Are these the only two options for expressing "to speak XX language"?