I know 'm' is a pinyin pronunciation. Looking through my dictionaries I've seen it listed in first, second and fourth tones. I can't seem to find the correct accented lower-case 'm's anywhere though...

Tone marks are as follows:

  • 1st tone = ˉ (macron)
  • 2nd tone = ˊ (acute accent)
  • 3rd tone = ˇ (caron/háček)
  • 4th tone = ˋ (grave accent)

So basically what I'm asking is where can I find:

  • lower case m with macron
  • lower case m with acute
  • lower case m with caron/háček
  • lower case m with grave


2 Answers 2


Tones are only applied to wovels. There are no tones associated with consonant "m", so you have to assume a prefix wovel like "e" before the "m". Unicode-wise, you can get an accented ḿ but no other variants.

Yes, you see accented "m" in dictionaries, but they are outside pinyin, and also outside unicode.

  • 汉语大辞典 lists 呒 as m1 / 唔 as m2 Other places list 呣 as m4 (and a lot of other tones too actually).
    – Mou某
    Commented Aug 9, 2014 at 11:56
  • Accented m is clearly not 'outside Unicode' since it can be represented using combining characters: m̀
    – jogloran
    Commented Aug 9, 2014 at 14:45
  • 1
    Using combining diacritical marks, yes: m̆m̅ḿm̀.
    – user4452
    Commented Aug 9, 2014 at 16:22

You can find pinyin for 唔 typed as ḿ and m̀ at en.wiktionary.org and I'm sure they have other examples. I did not look into how they did it -- is it correct for your purposes? I know nothing about Unicode. I suppose if you wanted a LaTeX solution that would be easy.

  • Here's a first tone: m̄
    – Mou某
    Commented Aug 9, 2014 at 15:04

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.