I know 'm' is a pinyin pronunciation. Looking through my dictionaries I've seen it listed in first, second and fourth tones. I can't seem to find the correct accented lower-case 'm's anywhere though...

Tone marks are as follows:

  • 1st tone = ˉ (macron)
  • 2nd tone = ˊ (acute accent)
  • 3rd tone = ˇ (caron/háček)
  • 4th tone = ˋ (grave accent)

So basically what I'm asking is where can I find:

  • lower case m with macron
  • lower case m with acute
  • lower case m with caron/háček
  • lower case m with grave



Tones are only applied to wovels. There are no tones associated with consonant "m", so you have to assume a prefix wovel like "e" before the "m". Unicode-wise, you can get an accented ḿ but no other variants.

Yes, you see accented "m" in dictionaries, but they are outside pinyin, and also outside unicode.

  • 汉语大辞典 lists 呒 as m1 / 唔 as m2 Other places list 呣 as m4 (and a lot of other tones too actually).
    – Mou某
    Aug 9 '14 at 11:56
  • Accented m is clearly not 'outside Unicode' since it can be represented using combining characters: m̀
    – jogloran
    Aug 9 '14 at 14:45
  • 1
    Using combining diacritical marks, yes: m̆m̅ḿm̀.
    – user4452
    Aug 9 '14 at 16:22

You can find pinyin for 唔 typed as ḿ and m̀ at en.wiktionary.org and I'm sure they have other examples. I did not look into how they did it -- is it correct for your purposes? I know nothing about Unicode. I suppose if you wanted a LaTeX solution that would be easy.

  • Here's a first tone: m̄
    – Mou某
    Aug 9 '14 at 15:04

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