Questions tagged [adjectives]

Questions about adjectives (形容词 - xíngróngcí), i.e. a part of speech that can modify a noun.

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2answers
58 views

Using 的 to specify qualities

I've read a grammar tip about 的 which I'm not sure I've completely understood (it's on page 7 here, if you can read Italian). It talks about using 的 to specify a quality. An example is: 意大利的人 is ...
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4answers
93 views

是+...+的 structure in describing colours

I have read that the 是+...+的 structure is used for emphasis. I wonder in sentences describing colours like 这辆车是红色的, is the 是+...+的 structure used for emphasis too? What kind of 是+...+的 is this? Is 的 ...
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4answers
124 views

What is the meaning of 再 before adjectives?

What is the meaning of 再 before adjectives as in these examples: “再普通的小事经过她的嘴都可能变得很有意思。” “一个人即使能力再高,经验再丰富,如果对工作没有责任心,也很难把工作做好。” I was told that 再 in the first sentence is similiar to 无论 so the whole ...
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750 views

A golfer is tricked out of his prize money: how do we determine whether he is (a) 充满智慧, (b) 非常善良, (c) 十分天真, or (d) 有些糊涂?

This a problem from 新HSK5应试指南 (pages 133页 and 134页): 一位著名的高尔夫球手赢得了一场比赛。他领取了奖金支票后,一个年轻的女子向他表示祝贺并告诉说自己的不幸——她可怜的孩子得了重病,正在医院里,而他却无力支付大笔的手术费和医药费。高尔夫球手被她那深切的母亲感动了,二话没说就在支票上签上自己的名字,然后递给那个女子,并告诉她,希望她的孩子早日健康。 ...
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3answers
107 views

Compound Structure of Chinese Nouns

Chinese compound nouns are one of the interesting parts of the language, which sometimes can be confusing for beginners. One good example is compound nouns, in which the first part is an adjective. ...
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2answers
70 views

Can I use 马马虎虎 to describe food, and in what sorts of sentences can I use it?

In what kinds of sentences can "马马虎虎" be used? Would I be able to use it to describe how good food tastes, and if so, how would I structure the sentence? Is it usually used by itself as a ...
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2answers
107 views

Chinese dictionary or list of ABB adjectives?

I found a list of ABB colours, is there a list of ABB adjectives in general and their corresponding meanings?
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1answer
51 views

Still about the filler word 很, after 得

I just learned that an adverb or quality describing how a verb (action) is performed must be preceded by the filler word 得, which introduces an "expression of degree" ("well", &...
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5answers
317 views

What's the opposite of 不安?

不安 (bù​ān)​ CC-CEDICT: unpeaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless / worried Sometimes I want to use the opposite adjective to 不安 (with the meaning 不不安), but I'm not sure what to use. It's ...
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1answer
85 views

很 as a filler word?

Beginner's question here. If I understood correctly, all descriptive words in Mandarin can work both as an adjective and a "descriptive verb", which would be equivalent to the construction &...
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1answer
59 views

Ranking of Likelihood/Probability Words

There are several words in Chinese that express various degrees of probability/possibility/likelihood, such as 也许,说不定,可能,确定,etc. Many of these words have overlapping definitions, but this may or may ...
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2answers
76 views

Adjective before classifier

I was reading a short story on Du Chinese and came across this phrase 一大亩瓜田。 The app described 亩 as a classifier for fields. I haven't learned yet of the adjective coming before the classifier. Is ...
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69 views

Does 那个公共汽车很红 sounds right?

A friend told me all adjectives in Chinese are verbs. I am not so sure if it is right in general, especially when it comes to color. I ask him to give me examples and he said 1 天黑了 2 那个公共汽车很红 I think ...
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2answers
274 views

How do you translate "美容的" for food?

In Chinese you can use "美容的" to describe certain kinds of food that are said to benefit your looks. I've never heard "cosmetic" use to describe food's effects on a person, only the ...
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5answers
225 views

Why is it correct to omit 很 in 小男孩嫌小鱼儿丑?

小男孩嫌小鱼儿丑 Why is it correct to omit 很 before 丑? The sentence means "The little boy considered the little fish ugly".
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169 views

Adj. + 到 to express an extent

I've just stumbled across this sentence: "吃土" 表示自己没有钱了,很穷,穷到只能吃土的状态了 I'm interested in 穷到只能吃土的状态了. It means "so poor that they can only eat soil". But it seems that adjective + 到 ...
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3answers
108 views

When to use 不是 + adj

While I was studying, I came across this sentence. 如果她不是特别漂亮也没关系。 But I’m confused as to why 是 is there. I thought negation of adjectives should’nt be accompanied by 是. Could someone explain this ...
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1answer
127 views

When does an adjective require 的 to describe a noun?

In this post on the omission of the possessive 的,I came across an explanation of the adjective suffix 的 by Tang Ho. An example was: 强大勇敢 (brave + strong) = correct without 的 强大勇敢的人 (brave and strong ...
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3answers
196 views

Why is 人口 in this sentence 多, not 大?

中国是世界上人口最多的国家. Why is 人口 in this sentence 多, not 大? In English way of thinking (or my English way of thinking), a population is something that can be "huge" rather than "much"/ "many". Is Chinese way ...
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1answer
92 views

Standard Chinese translation of "I'm not a bad person"

I'm trying to translate "I'm not a bad person" to standard Chinese. I am told the following: There are also two ways to say "A isn't B". When B is a noun (things, people, places, etc.), use bú shì. ...
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155 views

Adverbs of degree with reduplicated adjective phrases?

Why is it not necessary to use 很 (or other adverbs of degree) to link nouns and adjectives when you reduplicate the adjective, and instead use a 的 after the adjective? For example: 你的女朋友高高的。 她们漂漂亮亮的。
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38 views

Does this type of colloquial compound adjective translate directly: "got-rejected dance"

做我被拒绝的舞蹈! Doing my "got-rejected" dance! Final answer: 被拒绝后,我气得直跺脚跳 "我被拒绝后的舞蹈!"
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2answers
94 views

Part-of-speech problems about adjectives or adverbs preceding 地

In "高兴/地/说", is 高兴 an adjective or an adverb? The following link is a document on "Part-Of-Speech Tagging Guidelines for the Penn Chinese Treebank (3.0)" https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent....
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1answer
108 views

What are the best Chinese terms for the correct sense of the English adjective "everyday"?

It seems that even CEDICT is full of the common English usage mistake confusing the adjective "everyday" with the adverbial phrase "every day". This means many dictionary sites and apps such as Pleco ...
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1answer
43 views

How does the order of noun modifiers affect emphasis

I have a Chinese textbook that gives two examples of a sentence, saying that the order of the noun modifiers can be changed for emphasis, but it doesn't explain which sentence emphasises what. The ...
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2answers
180 views

In 你多吃点 and 多给他点时间吧, is 多 an adjective or an adverb?

Usage of 多 is a little bit confusing. As I understand it's an adjective in the following example 两百多个学生, but in the below-mentioned examples is “多” an adjective or an adverb? 1)你多吃点 2)多给他点时间吧
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670 views

Shi / Hen for adjective + noun when discussing facts or perceived facts

There are the simplified rules about never using "shi" to link an adjective with a noun. However, I believe this is not true for facts or perceived facts, such as colors, then I should use "shi" to ...
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6answers
2k views

How to say "obscene": translate 下流 or 輕佻?

I want to describe people wearing clothing as totally indecent and obscene, for instance because the clothing doesn’t remotely cover the buttocks. I am not talking about ordinary mini skirts or hot ...
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3answers
472 views

When should I use 地 with an adjective and when should I not use it with an adverb (and why do some adverbs require 地)?

I got quite confused these days with the grammar rule that adds 地 to an adjective to make it work as an adverb. My basic understanding is that you must add 地 to make an adjective work as an adverb, ...
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3answers
194 views

The connection of multiple adjectives

In the following sentence: “现在大家坐上‘复兴号’,不仅更宽敞明亮舒服、速度更快,在车上打电话的信号也更好了,这些都是能感受到的变化。” 丁荣军说,“我们正在研究怎么接入媒体,让视频也能到车上去。” The relevant part means: Not only it is more spacious, lighter, and more ...
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4answers
86 views

Is it ok to say “发达的教育”或者“先进的教育”?

可以说“发达的教育”或者“先进的教育吗? 比如:......的教育是民族兴旺的标记。 What word would be appropriate to use in the above sentence?
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1k views

hao de pengyou vs huai de pengyou

Could somebody please explain what the following statement means, if possible paraphrasing and adding examples? "hao de pengyou" is grammatical when used contrasting hao to huai in "huai de pengyou" ‘...
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210 views

大兵小将 Little Big Soldier

I separated this film name by newlines in Google Translate and I see: 大 Big 兵 Soldiers 小 small 将 will What is the meaning of 大兵小将 , character by character? What is the "will" character for? Why ...
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229 views

Can one use 热 and 冷 to describe people?

In many Indo-European languages metaphors of temperature are used to describe people. Is it the same in Chinese, can we say '他很热' and not mean that they have a high temperature?
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1answer
145 views

Which adjective is the most suitable to express "rich" for a person?

In Mandarin there are a variety of adjectives that express "rich" - 富,丰富,肥,充实,阔,丰盛,浓郁,富足,etc... Some of them I believe don't fit in a person; 肥 is an equivalent to "fertile" in ...
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2answers
139 views

What does 这一 mean in 在追求这一目标的过程中?

In the following sentence: 在追求这一目标的过程中,赛事转播和媒体是基本要素,国际足联与央视的合作伙伴关系发挥着至关重要的作用。 What does the 这一 here mean? I understand it modifies 目标, but does that mean 一 here works as a measure word for 目标?If ...
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4answers
207 views

What is the difference between 中国歌, 中国之歌 and 中国的歌?

When do we use each of the following cases? Is there even a difference between them?
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450 views

Can all adjectives be transformed into adverbs with 地?

In Mandarin if you use 地 to an adjective, it can change into an adverb. For example, 我真喜欢你健健康康地长大。 他舒服地躺在那里。 Now I wonder whether all adjectives can be transformed into adverbs in this rule. Is this ...
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4answers
222 views

How can I tell apart which two-syllable adjective forms "ABAB" to emphasize it?

I'm now learning on emphasizing adjectives by the repetition (e.g. 你的脸红红的。). However, some two-syllable words form ABAB and others AABB to emphasize the adjective. For example, 开开心心 好吃好吃 干干净净 便宜便宜 ...
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2answers
180 views

How to negate an adjective in the past? [duplicate]

How can I negate an adjective in the past? For example: 这是红色的。It is red. 这不是红色的。It's not red. How could I say 'It was not red'? I read somewhere that 没有 only negates action verbs. If that's true, ...
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3answers
86 views

Do you use 和 when listing adjectives the same way you do in english?

As in, when listing adjectives, for example a 愉快, 安全, and 环保 summer vacation, do you say 愉快, 安全, 和 环保 的 暑假 do you need the he at the end of the list? Is this how you would list adjectives in the first ...
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4answers
762 views

How to translate 撒娇?

In the context of: 你能向他撒娇。 How would 撒娇 be translated? If 撒娇 is translated as flighty in the context of the sentence, it sounds a bit unnatural: You can get flighty with him.
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173 views

Usage of 的 to refer to a generic class of things

I'm wondering if this idea is correct: that 的 can generally be appended to and adjective in order to refer to the entire class of objects satisfying that adjective. Example: 好吃的 (delicious things); ...
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3answers
107 views

Sentence with demonstrative without explicit subject - de required?

I am unable to understand, whether the sentences below require the particle de? Zhè ge hěn hào chī (literally "this piece of food delicious". I guess there is no "de" in the end, although it is an ...
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2answers
296 views

Using SHI4 for noun and adjective, exceptional rules

I have noted the confusion for using "SHI4" and too struggle to grasp the difference. Common rule for learners is that Noun + Adjective is never linked with "SHI4". As in "He is tall" etc. However, ...
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4answers
410 views

Using "shì" for noun + adjective + noun

Being a beginner, I am bit puzzled by the concept of "shì" being used not for describing nouns with adjectives. Using search, I think it is clear to me that: Noun + noun = I can use "shì". Adjective ...
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3answers
127 views

Where to put the adjective when asking for something that comes in multiple sizes?

This morning in Taipei I went to buy a coffee. I knew how to say 我要一杯咖啡 and I knew the word for big is 大. But I didn't know where in the sentence to put the 大. Does it go before 杯 to mean "big cup"? ...
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2answers
119 views

When does an adjective end in hu1 (乎)?

When does an adjective end in hu1 (乎)? To paraphrase, what do adjectives ending in 乎 have in common?
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4answers
2k views

不比 vs 没有 comparison usage

If my understanding is correct, then: 他没有我高。= he's not as tall as me, i.e. he is shorter. 他不比我高。= he's either as tall as me or shorter, i.e. he's at most as tall as me. Is that correct? If so, in ...
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1answer
244 views

比 comparison structures: positive adjectives?

In some textbook materials, I read that comparisons in Chinese should be used with "positive adjectives". For example: This is correct: 我比他高。 This is said to be incorrect: 他比我矮。 It should be: 他没有我高。 ...