Questions tagged [character-components]

Questions about phonetic, semantic, or other components of characters.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

What is the procedure for typing cangjie here?

I've been typing Mandarin with pinyin input for years and have never found it terribly difficult to learn. However, I am finding that when I need to use website and type Cantonese expressions, I find ...
0 votes
1 answer
144 views

女 in 嫩 : combining characters

So I just learned a new vocabulary called 嫩. An example from a YouTube channel was given as 这块儿牛肉非常嫩 to mean “This piece of beef is very tender”. As I understand many Chinese characters can come ...
  • 487
0 votes
1 answer
269 views

how hé is phonetic component for jiē?

I am going through 揭 “揭 jiē is composed of 曷 hé and 扌 “a hand; actions done with the hands,” pointing to the original meaning “to raise, hold s.t. up high.” 曷 gives the sound.” how hé is phonetic ...
  • 645
0 votes
1 answer
97 views

Example of Mandarin characters that can not be expressed through other characters, Kangxi radicals or CJK strokes?

I had question about the expression of one character into the radicals and I found the answer myself Does 习 contain the alterantive hook (Kangxi 6) radical and is more information available about this ...
  • 99
5 votes
2 answers
590 views

Meaning of early written versions of 地 and etymology?

The glyph origin section of https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%9C%B0 shows characters that look nothing like the modern "地" (with the exception of the "Small Seal Script" in "...
  • 153
0 votes
1 answer
89 views

Does this character 𡵂 have a meaning or pronunciation?

I'm trying to find the meaning of 𡵂 which appears as component of characters in several languages. Here there is a reference to it, but it gives no meaning or pronunciation. 𡵂 Does this character 𡵂...
  • 157
0 votes
2 answers
117 views

Does this character 𤰔 have a meaning or pronunciation?

I was looking for the meaning of 𤰔 which appears as component of characters in several languages, and I couldnt find any. Having the meaning or pronunciation of a component it makes easier to ...
  • 157
2 votes
2 answers
544 views

Does this character 𡗗 have a meaning?

I was looking for the meaning of 𡗗 which appears as component of characters in several languages, and I couldnt find any. Having the meaning of a component it makes easier to memorize characters that ...
  • 157
2 votes
3 answers
229 views

The relationship between 羞 and 醜

Since 醜 is the traditional version of 丑, why is the lower part of a traditional 羞 丑 but not 醜? I found this 羞, (會意兼形聲。據甲骨文,以手持羊,表示進獻。小篆從羊,從醜,醜亦聲。“醜”是手的訛變。本義:進獻) But it doesn't explain why it is 丑.
  • 732
0 votes
2 answers
130 views

Glyph origin of the character for frequency 频/頻 = steps + head?

What's the story behind this character 频? Neither of its components contribute phonetically to it, yet I can't seem to relate any of its components 步 steps and head/face 页 to its meaning of frequent/...
  • 855
2 votes
1 answer
209 views

Glyph origin of 盗

What's the story behind this character 盗? None of the components seems to hint at the sound, or the meaning of 'pirate/steal/rob', unless water in the upper left part and is the bottom component a ...
  • 855
1 vote
1 answer
218 views

Glyph origin of 邊/边

What's the story behind this character 邊? This seems to be another "phonetic-semantic" explanation on this character with 辵 as the semantic and 臱 as the phonetic. But what exactly is 臱? I ...
  • 855
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is there any sun 日 in 昌?

I've been seeing conflicting explanations for this character 昌. Some sources say it comprised of two suns 日, some sources say it comprises of sun and speak 日 meaning flourish, though I don't really ...
  • 855
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

What are other words worth learning that follow this pattern with 象?

Today I realised that: 象 means "elephant" which is the biggest land-dwelling animal, 亻+ 象 = 像 means "statue" which is the biggest person (I mean, a statue is the biggest ...
  • 850
2 votes
4 answers
265 views

Glyph origin of 款

Where does this character 款 come from? Its meanings (model/style or fee/payment) doesn't seem to have any link to the semantic part 欠, unless it specifically refers to owed money/payment? And what ...
  • 855
1 vote
1 answer
182 views

𦰩 and 難 glyph origins. Did 难/難 used to be a bird?

Apologies if my question is too similar to the one in Why is the radical of 难 > 隹 and not 又? The link in there is broken unfortunately and I am unable to find the source. This character for ...
  • 855
0 votes
1 answer
396 views

Explanation of character decomposition for 缺

https://hanziyuan.net/#%E7%BC%BA Scrolling down to the "Character decomposition 字形分解" section, we see Compound 缺 from container 缶 fǒu and phonetic foot-hand 夬叏 guài. I don't understand ...
  • 428
2 votes
2 answers
256 views

Glyph origins of the character 微

How does this character meaning become "small/tiny"? So many sources tell me that it's semantic 彳 + "phonetic" 𢼸, but what exactly is 𢼸? I've never seen this character elsewhere ...
  • 855
3 votes
2 answers
935 views

What does rain 雨 have to do with mold 霉 and bad luck?

Almost all the other characters with the 雨 component have relation to rain, clouds, and weather. However, this character 霉 seems to be the exception. It means mold, but the rain semantic seems very ...
  • 855
6 votes
2 answers
437 views

Origin of double phonetic component 静

静 is another character that has confused me. 青 (green/blue) doesn't seem to be related to quietness or stillness, unless the colors are supposed to represent quietness? 争 (fight) certainly is not ...
  • 855
1 vote
4 answers
459 views

校 - How did "leg-brace" come to mean "school"?

When learning Chinese characters using radicals, this character 校 always seem to puzzle me. I've always known 校 to be school, but the "wood" radical never made any sense to me. What does ...
  • 855
2 votes
1 answer
300 views

Besides the radical, what meaning does the rest of a Chinese character have (especially when it was originally created)?

I am a beginning student of Mandarin Chinese. There is a key thing about Chinese characters that I am trying to understand. Besides the radical, what purpose does the rest of a character have? Was it ...
1 vote
2 answers
115 views

When 马 is used as the left component (e.g. in 骑), does the 一 héng stroke change to ㇀ tí?

I am thinking about the 马 character. I know that when you use 土 and 车 on the left in a composed character (like 地,场... and 较,辆 ...) the 3rd stroke in 土, and the 4th in 车 change from 一 héng to ㇀ tí. ...
2 votes
2 answers
224 views

How can I get a list of all the characters containing the "flowing water" component that is in 益?

Further to this question. According to "Outlier Dictionary of Chinese Characters" (which I have as a (paid-for) add-on in the Pleco app), in the character 益, the component (top part of ...
1 vote
2 answers
266 views

If 冬 in itself means winter, why add 天?

If 冬 in itself means winter, do adding 天 Impact the meaning, or perhaps refer to winter time instead of the season itself? Or is it because 冬 is monosyllabic and 冬天 has two syllables?
  • 25
1 vote
2 answers
210 views

What's the meaning of the hat like character on top of 尔

According to https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%B0%94#Chinese It is this character https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E2%BA%88 It simply means knife but the wiktionary entry is very short. Google ...
  • 485
1 vote
3 answers
480 views

What does 尔 really mean?

That character is the right part of 你 nu, which means you. According to https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%B0%94 it means you. It reads er According to http://zhongwen.com/bushou.htm I saw this So ...
  • 485
2 votes
2 answers
193 views

How do I understand Ni (you) character correctly?

It says http://zhongwen.com/bushou.htm If I search for you I got this It consists of 2 characters The first is person and you. The 2 characters are very different than the character in character ...
  • 485
1 vote
2 answers
136 views

"Pixelating" the character 英

I would like to include a Chinese character (英) in a knitting pattern. To do so, I need to "pixelate" the character. Is this an acceptable representation of the character and is it easily ...
  • 13
1 vote
2 answers
154 views

Is the visual similarity of the simplifications 華→华 and 畢→毕 a coincidence?

華 and 畢 are very similar, the bottom is the same, and only the top 4/5 of their strokes differ. Their simplifications 华 and 毕 are also similar, the bottom and the top rights are the same and, and the ...
  • 237
3 votes
1 answer
280 views

What does "GHTJK" stand for in this part of a Wiktionary: entry: "...composition ⿸丆卜(GHTJK) or ⿻丆"

I generally understand the Ideographic Description Characters (IDSes) and the Ideographic Description Sequences,for CJK strokes and components but the abbreviation GHTJK in this entry and GHTK in ...
5 votes
3 answers
412 views

Why is there an 'ear' component in the character for smell? 闻 聞

Why is there an 'ear' radical in the character for smell? 闻 聞 I find this pretty confusing. Perhaps there is a fun story behind it?
2 votes
3 answers
366 views

What resources can I use for learning character decomposition?

I'm developing a set of tools meant to aid in learning Chinese characters and I realized that I don't know a good dataset containing character decomposition. Ideally it should be comprehensive (or ...
  • 543
1 vote
2 answers
118 views

How to understand "ideographic" decomposition of characters like 不 and 与

I was recommended "character decomposition database" on this site. I have started to explore it and found, that some decompositions I don't understand, like U+4E0D 不 ⿱一③ U+4E0E 与 ⿹②一[GTKV] ⿻②...
  • 389
4 votes
4 answers
281 views

What is the meaning of 刚 in 变形金刚?

I came across the word 变形金刚 in a short children's story that I read and Pleco dictionary states that it refers to either shape-shifting warriors protecting the Buddha, or Transformers (which Google ...
  • 185
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

Chinese character decomposition

I found that many (most?) Chinese characters look like they're composed of more primitive ones, like: 做 = 亻十口夂 你 = 亻尔 吃 = 卩乙 and so on. I this a real phenomenon or just my European imagination? If it ...
  • 389
3 votes
2 answers
234 views

What is the relation between 寨 (zhài, "stockade, stronghold, fort") and 塞 (sài, "place of strategic importance; pass; fortress")?

Most dictionaries say 寨 = 塞 + 木, but on its face, we could just as easily have 塞 = 寨 + 土.
  • 655
4 votes
1 answer
190 views

How do I know whether to write the written character or printed character?

I'm often finding differences in the printed form of the character than the written form, and I'm not sure which one to use. For example, in 窗, the typed character sometimes contains legs 儿, but the ...
  • 361
2 votes
2 answers
542 views

What's the relationship between 暖, 爱 and 愛?

I was curious when I noticed that 暖 contains the character 爱, so I thought that in the traditional form, it would have 愛, the traditional form of 爱. But it appears that 暖 has the same form in both ...
  • 361
4 votes
1 answer
289 views

What’s the difference between 円 and 月 as character components?

What’s the difference between 円 and 月 as character components? If we look at 青 and 靑. The bottom of 青 is: 月 and if we look at 靑, it's bottom is: 円 靑 is said to be an 异体字 of 青 and zisea says ...
  • 34.8k
2 votes
3 answers
124 views

Why is the character 中 listed as a 嵌套结构 (nested structure) and not a 单一结构 (single component)?

I'm studying character components using guoxuedashi, a online service/dictionary where you can filter by components, and there's LOTS of them. The thing is, they use a different system of ...
  • 125
12 votes
5 answers
1k views

Why was the rice component added to 气 to form 氣?

气 is an ancient character that has roots in an oracle bone pictogram, but according to this, the rice radical was added in the Tang dynasty to form 氣. What were the reasons for this? What does 气, ...
  • 8,447