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Questions tagged [character-components]

Questions about phonetic, semantic, or other components of characters.

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Is the right componet of 龍 related to 弱?

The right component of the small seal script 龍 seems to be the mirror image of the components of 弱. I know the older historical forms of 龍 do not share this similarity but I can't help but wonder if ...
creallf's user avatar
  • 163
3 votes
2 answers
266 views

How many unique glyphs do you need to know to learn Chinese?

Glyphs is probably not the right term. I'll try to explain what I mean. I often read things like: "Chinese is much harder than English: there are 50,000 characters but only 26 letters". This ...
河南宝宝's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
256 views

Are there lists of phonetic components and semantic components?

It is pretty much as the question said. I am pretty much aware of the facts that radicals are just dictionary headers so that the characters under the headers can not really have the exact forms as ...
user37441's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
138 views

List of components with their meanings published by a reliable source

I want to learn more about the meaning of the radicals of simplified chinese characters, because I feel that by knowing what each radical means, I can have a better understanding of the meaning of the ...
rdrg109's user avatar
  • 233
2 votes
1 answer
274 views

What is the significance of component 𢚩?

This component shows up as a component of both 隠 and 穏. What is the significance of this component?
Fluffy Ribbit's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
926 views

船 composed of characters for vessel, 8, and person?

Is 船 (chuán, boat) composed of the characters for vessel, eight, and person? Is this the etymology of 船?
Geremia's user avatar
  • 111
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1 answer
92 views

Is there a list of normalized character decomposition (𧾷 to 足, 龰 to 止, etc.)?

I tried .txt of each files in CHISE IDS (https://www.chise.org/ids/) but it seems that most of the components are not normalized. Is there any work that has normalized the characters in IDS?
làntèrn's user avatar
  • 113
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2 answers
138 views

What are the components (or radicals) that comprise the character '兼'?

Without the knowledge of a character's components or radicals, I find some difficulty recalling the meaning or pronunciation of that character. I have looked at this poster containing radicals here, ...
Eva Pesce's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
264 views

Is 泵 the only transliterated loanword with its own logogram in all of Chinese?

Phonetic transliterations of foreign words are not uncommon in Mandarin, e.g. 沙发 for "sofa", 逻辑 for "logic", etc. Much less common are what I would call "transliterated ...
Sanchuan's user avatar
  • 762
3 votes
8 answers
414 views

Are there any datasets or spreadsheets that contain the most popular Chinese characters and their components?

I'm trying to build a program to help me study Chinese, and one way that helps me remember characters is dividing them into components. I'm using a website called dictionary.writechinese.com to do ...
xKiwiNova's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
156 views

Which font has been used in this file that contains character components?

This question is related to the Wubi input method, but mostly related to computer fonts, so you don't need to know how to use Wubi to be able to answer. Table of Contents The context The problem ...
rdrg109's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Why is 钾 (jiǎ) the Chinese character for potassium?

Elements on the periodic table are ascribed unique Chinese characters, and because they're relatively new characters (vs. thousands of years of history of the Chinese language), they're usually ...
Becky 李蓓's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
678 views

Are there any tools for combining multiple radicals into a single character?

I would essentially perform the inverse of this question: I would like to combine multiple radicals into a single character, disregarding if they actually exist or not. Does such a tool exist? Ideally ...
bigyihsuan's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
563 views

What is the procedure for typing cangjie here?

I've been typing Mandarin with pinyin input for years and have never found it terribly difficult to learn. However, I am finding that when I need to use website and type Cantonese expressions, I find ...
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1 answer
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女 in 嫩 : combining characters

So I just learned a new vocabulary called 嫩. An example from a YouTube channel was given as 这块儿牛肉非常嫩 to mean “This piece of beef is very tender”. As I understand many Chinese characters can come ...
EmilyJ's user avatar
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1 answer
286 views

how hé is phonetic component for jiē?

I am going through 揭 “揭 jiē is composed of 曷 hé and 扌 “a hand; actions done with the hands,” pointing to the original meaning “to raise, hold s.t. up high.” 曷 gives the sound.” how hé is phonetic ...
user27485's user avatar
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Example of Mandarin characters that can not be expressed through other characters, Kangxi radicals or CJK strokes?

I had question about the expression of one character into the radicals and I found the answer myself Does 习 contain the alterantive hook (Kangxi 6) radical and is more information available about this ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 99
5 votes
2 answers
731 views

Meaning of early written versions of 地 and etymology?

The glyph origin section of https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%9C%B0 shows characters that look nothing like the modern "地" (with the exception of the "Small Seal Script" in "...
D.R's user avatar
  • 153
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1 answer
103 views

Does this character 𡵂 have a meaning or pronunciation?

I'm trying to find the meaning of 𡵂 which appears as component of characters in several languages. Here there is a reference to it, but it gives no meaning or pronunciation. 𡵂 Does this character 𡵂...
Pablo's user avatar
  • 157
0 votes
2 answers
147 views

Does this character 𤰔 have a meaning or pronunciation?

I was looking for the meaning of 𤰔 which appears as component of characters in several languages, and I couldnt find any. Having the meaning or pronunciation of a component it makes easier to ...
Pablo's user avatar
  • 157
2 votes
2 answers
645 views

Does this character 𡗗 have a meaning?

I was looking for the meaning of 𡗗 which appears as component of characters in several languages, and I couldnt find any. Having the meaning of a component it makes easier to memorize characters that ...
Pablo's user avatar
  • 157
2 votes
3 answers
260 views

The relationship between 羞 and 醜

Since 醜 is the traditional version of 丑, why is the lower part of a traditional 羞 丑 but not 醜? I found this 羞, (會意兼形聲。據甲骨文,以手持羊,表示進獻。小篆從羊,從醜,醜亦聲。“醜”是手的訛變。本義:進獻) But it doesn't explain why it is 丑.
Zhang's user avatar
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2 answers
140 views

Glyph origin of the character for frequency 频/頻 = steps + head?

What's the story behind this character 频? Neither of its components contribute phonetically to it, yet I can't seem to relate any of its components 步 steps and head/face 页 to its meaning of frequent/...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
2 votes
1 answer
239 views

Glyph origin of 盗

What's the story behind this character 盗? None of the components seems to hint at the sound, or the meaning of 'pirate/steal/rob', unless water in the upper left part and is the bottom component a ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
1 vote
1 answer
253 views

Glyph origin of 邊/边

What's the story behind this character 邊? This seems to be another "phonetic-semantic" explanation on this character with 辵 as the semantic and 臱 as the phonetic. But what exactly is 臱? I ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is there any sun 日 in 昌?

I've been seeing conflicting explanations for this character 昌. Some sources say it comprised of two suns 日, some sources say it comprises of sun and speak 日 meaning flourish, though I don't really ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

What are other words worth learning that follow this pattern with 象?

Today I realised that: 象 means "elephant" which is the biggest land-dwelling animal, 亻+ 象 = 像 means "statue" which is the biggest person (I mean, a statue is the biggest ...
musialmi's user avatar
  • 850
2 votes
4 answers
346 views

Glyph origin of 款

Where does this character 款 come from? Its meanings (model/style or fee/payment) doesn't seem to have any link to the semantic part 欠, unless it specifically refers to owed money/payment? And what ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
1 vote
1 answer
288 views

𦰩 and 難 glyph origins. Did 难/難 used to be a bird?

Apologies if my question is too similar to the one in Why is the radical of 难 > 隹 and not 又? The link in there is broken unfortunately and I am unable to find the source. This character for ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
0 votes
1 answer
436 views

Explanation of character decomposition for 缺

https://hanziyuan.net/#%E7%BC%BA Scrolling down to the "Character decomposition 字形分解" section, we see Compound 缺 from container 缶 fǒu and phonetic foot-hand 夬叏 guài. I don't understand ...
mpnm's user avatar
  • 428
2 votes
2 answers
314 views

Glyph origins of the character 微

How does this character meaning become "small/tiny"? So many sources tell me that it's semantic 彳 + "phonetic" 𢼸, but what exactly is 𢼸? I've never seen this character elsewhere ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What does rain 雨 have to do with mold 霉 and bad luck?

Almost all the other characters with the 雨 component have relation to rain, clouds, and weather. However, this character 霉 seems to be the exception. It means mold, but the rain semantic seems very ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
5 votes
2 answers
561 views

Origin of double phonetic component 静

静 is another character that has confused me. 青 (green/blue) doesn't seem to be related to quietness or stillness, unless the colors are supposed to represent quietness? 争 (fight) certainly is not ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
1 vote
4 answers
558 views

校 - How did "leg-brace" come to mean "school"?

When learning Chinese characters using radicals, this character 校 always seem to puzzle me. I've always known 校 to be school, but the "wood" radical never made any sense to me. What does ...
Fishuman's user avatar
  • 972
2 votes
1 answer
404 views

Besides the radical, what meaning does the rest of a Chinese character have (especially when it was originally created)?

I am a beginning student of Mandarin Chinese. There is a key thing about Chinese characters that I am trying to understand. Besides the radical, what purpose does the rest of a character have? Was it ...
MikeChinLearn's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
120 views

When 马 is used as the left component (e.g. in 骑), does the 一 héng stroke change to ㇀ tí?

I am thinking about the 马 character. I know that when you use 土 and 车 on the left in a composed character (like 地,场... and 较,辆 ...) the 3rd stroke in 土, and the 4th in 车 change from 一 héng to ㇀ tí. ...
faure's user avatar
  • 610
2 votes
2 answers
255 views

How can I get a list of all the characters containing the "flowing water" component that is in 益?

Further to this question. According to "Outlier Dictionary of Chinese Characters" (which I have as a (paid-for) add-on in the Pleco app), in the character 益, the component (top part of ...
goPlayerJuggler's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
287 views

If 冬 in itself means winter, why add 天?

If 冬 in itself means winter, do adding 天 Impact the meaning, or perhaps refer to winter time instead of the season itself? Or is it because 冬 is monosyllabic and 冬天 has two syllables?
Embla's user avatar
  • 25
1 vote
2 answers
220 views

What's the meaning of the hat like character on top of 尔

According to https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%B0%94#Chinese It is this character https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E2%BA%88 It simply means knife but the wiktionary entry is very short. Google ...
user4951's user avatar
  • 525
1 vote
3 answers
579 views

What does 尔 really mean?

That character is the right part of 你 nu, which means you. According to https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%B0%94 it means you. It reads er According to http://zhongwen.com/bushou.htm I saw this So ...
user4951's user avatar
  • 525
2 votes
2 answers
373 views

How do I understand Ni (you) character correctly?

It says http://zhongwen.com/bushou.htm If I search for you I got this It consists of 2 characters The first is person and you. The 2 characters are very different than the character in character ...
user4951's user avatar
  • 525
1 vote
2 answers
160 views

"Pixelating" the character 英

I would like to include a Chinese character (英) in a knitting pattern. To do so, I need to "pixelate" the character. Is this an acceptable representation of the character and is it easily ...
mira's user avatar
  • 13
1 vote
2 answers
165 views

Is the visual similarity of the simplifications 華→华 and 畢→毕 a coincidence?

華 and 畢 are very similar, the bottom is the same, and only the top 4/5 of their strokes differ. Their simplifications 华 and 毕 are also similar, the bottom and the top rights are the same and, and the ...
gnucchi's user avatar
  • 247
3 votes
1 answer
299 views

What does "GHTJK" stand for in this part of a Wiktionary: entry: "...composition ⿸丆卜(GHTJK) or ⿻丆"

I generally understand the Ideographic Description Characters (IDSes) and the Ideographic Description Sequences,for CJK strokes and components but the abbreviation GHTJK in this entry and GHTK in ...
Salty Dog's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
575 views

Why is there an 'ear' component in the character for smell? 闻 聞

Why is there an 'ear' radical in the character for smell? 闻 聞 I find this pretty confusing. Perhaps there is a fun story behind it?
pixelearth's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
396 views

What resources can I use for learning character decomposition?

I'm developing a set of tools meant to aid in learning Chinese characters and I realized that I don't know a good dataset containing character decomposition. Ideally it should be comprehensive (or ...
d33tah's user avatar
  • 555
1 vote
2 answers
151 views

How to understand "ideographic" decomposition of characters like 不 and 与

I was recommended "character decomposition database" on this site. I have started to explore it and found, that some decompositions I don't understand, like U+4E0D 不 ⿱一③ U+4E0E 与 ⿹②一[GTKV] ⿻②...
Dims's user avatar
  • 389
4 votes
4 answers
300 views

What is the meaning of 刚 in 变形金刚?

I came across the word 变形金刚 in a short children's story that I read and Pleco dictionary states that it refers to either shape-shifting warriors protecting the Buddha, or Transformers (which Google ...
zhanmusi's user avatar
  • 285
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Chinese character decomposition

I found that many (most?) Chinese characters look like they're composed of more primitive ones, like: 做 = 亻十口夂 你 = 亻尔 吃 = 卩乙 and so on. I this a real phenomenon or just my European imagination? If it ...
Dims's user avatar
  • 389
3 votes
2 answers
259 views

What is the relation between 寨 (zhài, "stockade, stronghold, fort") and 塞 (sài, "place of strategic importance; pass; fortress")?

Most dictionaries say 寨 = 塞 + 木, but on its face, we could just as easily have 塞 = 寨 + 土.
Colin's user avatar
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