Questions tagged [difference]

This tag is for asking help in differentiating between characters, pronunciations or syntax.

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7
votes
11answers
2k views

What is the difference between 王 and 皇?

If I understand correctly, 王 means "king", "monarch" or "sovereign." I also see that 皇 means "emperor", "sovereign" or "ruler." So is 皇 higher than 王? Also, in the case of female monarchs (...
2
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3answers
112 views

Is 家婆 the term for a woman's “mother in law” in Mandarin too?

In Cantonese, a woman would call her mother in law her "家婆" or her "奶奶", and address her only as "奶奶". My understanding of the same terms in Mandarin is, a woman would call her mother in law her "婆婆" ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

遮 versus 捂 versus 盖 in terms of usage

Let's say I want to cover my ears. Is it 捂住耳朵, 遮住耳朵 or 盖住耳朵? And then if I want to say cover up a situation, is it 遮住事情 or 遮盖事情?
0
votes
3answers
65 views

Are there distinctions between the various terms for “Confucius” (孔子, 孔丘, 仲尼)?

There seems to be at least three ways of saying "Confucius" in Chinese: 孔子 (Kǒngzǐ) 孔丘 (Kǒngqiū) 仲尼 (Zhòngní) with some variants: 字仲尼 (Zì Zhòngní) 孔仲尼 (Kǒng Zhòngní) (There's possibly more I'm ...
0
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2answers
45 views

敢于 vs 勇于 difference in usage

may I ask if 敢于 and 勇于 are interchangeable words? In English, both of them mean dare to, have the courage to do something. I looked up some sentences involving both words and it seems to be used in a ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Difference between words that mean “take by force”: 抢 and 夺

They are defined in a similar way. What is the difference in usage?
0
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1answer
43 views

What is the difference between words that mean “to throw”: 摔, 扔, 投

They seem to be defined identically in this usage case (though 摔 has other meanings). Is there any difference in usage?
2
votes
2answers
69 views

孤单 vs 孤独 vs 寂寞 usage

so far I went through a few forums to look at existing questions on 孤单 vs. 孤独 vs. 寂寞 usage. The answers from each person have a bit of difference so I would like to check if what I understood so far ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

What is difference between 吃 and 在吃?

Both of them mean eat/eating etc. So I am trying to find out purpose of the 在. Lingodeer app uses it almost in every sentence but Duolingo almost never uses it. So what is the right way or what is the ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Various uses of the English “for” to indicate purpose

The sentences below all use the word "for" to indicate purpose. I tried to think of a few sentences that may use "for" a little bit differently. Can you help me understand how to use "for" in Chinese? ...
0
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2answers
48 views

why 对 and not 关于?

In an Essay I wrote: 费先生关于「焉有稼」所说的仿佛有道理。这样的观念让上者成为了「五谷不分」的人。但他关于孟夫子写的略有偏见 My teacher corrected the second (bold) 关于 to 对。 Is this presumably to avoid repetition, or are there subtleties creating a ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What is the difference in usage between 似乎 and 宛如?

Both 似乎 and 宛如 are translated in the same way ("as if..."). What are some examples where using one would be more appropriate than the other?
1
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2answers
43 views

Difference between 顺顺当当 and 顺顺溜溜?

Both 顺顺溜溜 and 顺顺当当 seem to be translated in the same way ("smoothly"). Is there any difference in usage?
4
votes
3answers
179 views

Using 是不是 vs. 吗

What is the difference between asking a question using 是不是 and 吗? For example, what's the difference between these 2 questions: 你是不是中国人? 你是中国人吗?
0
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3answers
84 views

忍耐 vs 忍受 usage/difference

Based on the dictionary, 忍耐 = endure, bear with, restraint oneself while 忍受 = bear, endure. But when I look at sample sentences, the usage of both words sort of overlap each other. So how do I use ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

之后 vs 过后 usage & differences

Based on the dictionary, 之后 = after, afterwards while 过后 = afterwards, after. I wanted to find the difference in usage between those two words, so I analysed some sample sentences. I feel like 过后 is ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

What's the difference between 都 and 对?

I've seen these two sentences on Duolingo: 我们都是老师。 (We are all teachers.) 他们对不是美国人。 (None of them are American.) (Not sure if this was exactly the one that I was supposed to translate...) But ...
0
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2answers
59 views

倔强 vs 固执 vs 顽固 usage

The dictionary says that 倔强 = stubborn, 固执 = stubborn, 顽固 =obstinate, stubborn. I looked up some sample sentences and felt like 倔强 and 固执 are synonyms. So are 倔强 and 固执 synonyms or do they have some ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

脑袋 vs 脑子 vs 头脑 vs 脑筋

Based on the dictionary, I get the meaning that all 4 words mean brain, mind, head. So what's the difference between each of the words? And what is the usage of each word? It will be really helpful if ...
5
votes
5answers
171 views

What's the difference between 兵器 and 武器?

According to the dictionary, 兵器 = weapons, weaponry while 武器 = weapons, arms. It sounds like they are synonyms to me so I was wondering if those two words are synonyms or do they have some difference ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

The word for clean (verb)

I usually see adjectives like 干净 and 清洁 for clean but I couldn't find a general verb for clean in Chinese. Let's say I want to say. "please clean your room before you leave". What's the right clean(...
2
votes
3answers
74 views

大半 vs 多数 usages

So far I know that 大半 = most, most likely while 多数 = most, majority. I've heard people say "我多数会来". And this sort of confused me since I thought 大半 is the word that means most likely instead of 多数. ...
0
votes
4answers
58 views

Substance in Chinese

I'm working through some material. I'm coming from an English/Latin perspective towards understanding this. Looking at the following translations 材料 - material - cáiliào 物料 - materials - wùliào Is ...
3
votes
3answers
119 views

生抽 vs. 酱油- differences?

I was looking at this recipe here: https://www.xinshipu.com/zuofa/9787, and noticed the word "生抽“. After inputting it in various online translators, they all said it meant soy sauce. However, the ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

吃 VS 吃掉 difference

I just saw the Chinese poster of Japanese animation movie called "I Want to Eat Your Pancreas". This is its title in Chinese : 我想吃掉你的胰脏 I wonder why they used 吃掉 instead of just 吃. Is there any ...
3
votes
7answers
142 views

敌人 vs 冤家 difference

All the time, I've only heard of 敌人 = enemy, in TV shows and dramas. Yesterday I saw the word 冤家 in a folk song which apparently also means enemy in the dictionary. So I was wondering what's the ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

What is the difference between 元 (圓), 幣, and 金?

In currency exchange booths, and in conversation, I've noticed this: US dollar = 美元, 美金. Hong Kong dollar = 港幣 Japanese Yen = 日元 Singapore dollar = 新幣 Euro = 歐元 There's also 英磅 for the pound ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

What is the difference between 華誕 and 誕辰?

Both 華誕 and 誕辰 are more respectful ways of saying 生日 (birthday). For 華誕, I have seen: "最高元首華誕", "蘇丹華誕", "日本皇華誕". For 誕辰, I have seen: "國父誕辰", "先知默罕默德誕辰". Sometimes, within a text, I see 華誕 being ...
3
votes
3answers
191 views

What is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀?

As far as I know, both 翼 and 翅膀 mean "wing". I've heard people say "雞翼", "雞翅膀", "固定翼飛機", "鳥翅膀". All of these are wings, so what is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀? When should one be used over the ...
6
votes
3answers
139 views

How should you start a letter in Chinese?

How should you start a letter in Chinese? More specifically, what's the difference between starters such as 尊敬的,亲爱的,and 敬爱的, and in which cases should you use which one? 写信的时候,“尊敬的”、”亲爱的“、与“敬爱的” ...
0
votes
3answers
152 views

Difference between 汉语 and 华文

A Singaporean friend of mine calls his Chinese: 华文. I didn't realise that this also meant Chinese. What is the difference between 华文 and 汉语?
6
votes
2answers
328 views

What is the difference between 主菜 and 主食?

What is the difference between 主菜 and 主食 in terms of food items?
2
votes
2answers
105 views

when is the suffix 边/面 required?

I have learnt location words such as 上/下/前/后etc. and understand they can modify a noun such as -桌子上,宿舍前 . I also know the suffix 边 or 面 can be added (doesn't really change the meaning). When do i need ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

What is the difference between 真确 and 真实?

Is 真确 and 真实 used in different situations? Do provide some examples on their usage if possible. Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Which is better, 其他所有 or 所有其他?

其他所有 or 所有其他,which word order is more natural and ”合乎中文的习惯” ? For example, as in 其他所有内容 or 所有其他内容, 其他所有人 or 所有其他人, etc.
2
votes
2answers
194 views

If 蓝天 means “blue sky”, does 青天 mean “cyan sky”?

Peole use both 蓝天 and 青天 and I am wondering if there is any difference. While 蓝 means blue, 青 means cyan, right? Why do people say 蓝天白云 often but seldom 青天白云 (though 青天白日 is sometimes used)?
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3answers
123 views

What is the difference between 明确 and 清楚?

Both mean "clear", but in what way these two words are different?
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Difference between 搂抱, 喂抱, 拥抱, 抱抱?

What's the difference between : 搂抱 (I guess this one refers to hugging/cuddling in general) 喂抱 (I tried to look for this word and a lot of pictures of mother hugging their babies appeared as a ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

What is the difference between 安排 and 布置

Both mean "organize" but is there any different between these two words?
2
votes
2answers
95 views

木兰辞 original poem

I was trying to read the original 木兰辞 poem. But I found two versions of it on the internet. One line reads: 愿借明驼千里足,送儿还故乡。 In the other version it's: 愿驰千里足,送儿还故乡。 Which one is the original one? ...
1
vote
5answers
114 views

The difference between 和谐,和睦 and 融洽?

Anyone can tell me the difference between 和谐,和睦 and 融洽?
1
vote
2answers
182 views

The difference between 规范,规则,规章,规矩,规定,规律

After seeing in class these words (规定,规律,规范,规矩,规章), I’m in trouble to recognize the difference between them. I’m aware that some are used for country law, some for rules in society etc but I need a ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Differentiating 着 (zhe/zháo) and 着/到

The character 着 has many readings, but I'm interested on 2 of them that have grammar usage: zhe and zháo. As zhe, 着 is used to express a continuous state, as in 门开着 (the door is opened) and 他跑着步听音乐 (...
2
votes
1answer
353 views

What's the difference between 恭喜發財 and 恭禧發財?

Today I visited a house that had Chinese New Year banners all over. On the stairs, one banner reads 「恭禧發財」, and above a door, another banner reads 「恭喜發財」. Both of these are pronounced exactly the same ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

The difference between : 日 vs 号

I was reading a conversation and came to these sentences : 爸爸 :双十一是什么? 妈妈 :就是11月11号的网上购物节,在网上买东西很便宜。 I was wondering why it's 号 instead of 日. I then checked it on the dictionary and found out ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

What does 是是 mean beyond 是? Is it just a typo?

This question relates to the following snippet: 不约而同是一个成语,读音是是bù yuē ér tóng,意思是指事先没有约定而相互一致。 Baidu Baike,不约而同 It introduces the chengyu (idiom) 不约而同, which means something like "doing something ...
0
votes
3answers
48 views

What is the difference between 书呆子 and 迂夫子?

Both 书呆子 and 迂夫子 mean a pedant, and at least I know 书呆子 is usually used in derogatory tone. I have never seen the word 迂夫子 until just now, and it seems to mean the same thing as 书呆子. So I wonder if ...
2
votes
3answers
78 views

Meaning of 依 in 大凉山失依孤儿

The phrase in question is a title of an article on news.qq.com. Both 大凉山失依孤儿 and 大凉山失孤儿 translate to "Daliangshan's lost orphans" in Google Translator. Using dictionary was no use as well, since I'm ...
5
votes
3answers
175 views

Difference between 诚实 and 老实 (and possibly 天真)

诚实 (HSK 4) has the meaning 'honest', just like 老实 (HSK 5), which also carries the meaning of 'honest'. I would like to know what the difference between these two words is when they mean 'honest'. I'...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Difference between the verbs 轮 and 轮流 (meaning to take turns)

In HSK 5, lesson 1, the word '轮' is part of the word list, with the translation: 'v. to take turns'. In lesson 3, the word '轮流' is part of the word list, again with the translation: 'v. to take turns'....