Questions tagged [difference]

For questions about differences or comparisons between two or more words, lexical nuances, characters, pronunciation, syntax, etc.

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8
votes
4answers
596 views

认识 vs 知道 based on glyph origins

I'm trying to understand what 识 means and why 认识 is different from 知道. As far as I was able to gather the information on 戠 is a depiction of an armed group of people which, while in battle, should be ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

When to use 看 and 见?

I know 看 and 见 both mean "to see". But they are used differently in different words. Like 看书 看电影...etc. and 见面 见识...etc. (Or do Chinese people say 见书 见电影 or 看面 看识?) Is there a rules to use them ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

的确, 确实, 实在, and 真正: what's the difference?

(Related a bit to Difference between 实际, 现实, 确实, and 实在 I guess. Good to link to it for posterity.) 的确, 确实, 实在, 真正 My dictionaries all say that all four can be adverbs with a meaning of "really." ...
5
votes
3answers
714 views

What is the difference between 只要 and 如果?

What is the difference between these two sentences? 只要明天不下雨,我们就去爬山。 如果明天不下雨,我们就去爬山。 They seem very close in meaning.
17
votes
7answers
5k views

What's the difference between 星期X and 周X?

When accepting an answer, I noticed that the example used the word 周三 for Wednesday, but in my grammar, the days of the week are 星期一, 星期二, etc... They seem both correct but, what's the difference? ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Differences: 干,办,做,搞,弄

What's the difference between all these five words? They mean all "to do", they're driving me crazy! I write some example sentences with some of them (hoping that's the right one), just to understand ...
11
votes
6answers
6k views

What is the difference between 餐馆 and 饭店? Is 饭店 used for restaurant or hotel?

饭店 and 餐馆 can both mean restaurant. My Chinese friend here in Dongguan tells me 饭店 is not commonly used to mean hotel. I want to understand in what contexts both of these words are used. 谢谢.
8
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the difference between 怎么 and 如何?

Is it mostly a question of register?
6
votes
1answer
480 views

Differentiating 着 (zhe/zháo) and 着/到

The character 着 has many readings, but I'm interested on 2 of them that have grammar usage: zhe and zháo. As zhe, 着 is used to express a continuous state, as in 门开着 (the door is opened) and 他跑着步听音乐 (...
7
votes
3answers
940 views

What is 吗 doing in 你有什么事吗?

In a Chinese lesson, I came across these sentences: 你有什么事吗? Nǐ yǒu shénme shì mɑ? 你有什么事? Nǐ yǒu shénme shì? And both were translated as: What's the matter? I don't understand 1. Without 吗, I ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between 怎么 and 怎么样 ?

What is the difference between 怎么 and 怎么样 ? It seems like both mean something like "how". I also see that 怎么样 is often used to ask someone's opinion on something. In what contexts can 怎么 be used ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 没有+V. and 没+V.?

What is the difference between this two constructions: S + 没有 + V and S + 没 + V E.g. 我没有输 and 我没输 As it was mentioned by @user6065 grammars, e.g. 实用现代汉语语法 make no difference between meaning and ...
13
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3answers
3k views

What's the actual difference between 文 and 语?

Both mean "language" with some other related meanings. A friend of mine told me that while 文 refers more to the written language, 语 is more related to the spoken one. Is this a difference and is it ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the difference between 参加 and 参与?

I have been using these interchangeably, until today I was corrected, being told that one "参加活动”, not "参与活动“. I then looked up the definition, but it wasn't too helpful. How do I know when to use ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between 打算 (dǎ suàn) and 计划 (jì huà)

Are 打算 (dǎ suàn) and 计划 (jì huà) both synonyms for "plan," or are there some additional nuances here?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

How to state unpleasantness in written form? let becomes make

In English, unpleasantness can be stated by changing let to make. Classmate sharing pleasant things to classmate: My parents let me eat chocolates. 我父母让我吃巧克力 Classmate complaining to classmate: ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there a difference between “几点” (jǐ​diǎn) and “什么时候” (shén​me​shí​hou)?

Both "几点" and "什么时候" seem to mean "what time?". Here are two examples that contain "几点" or "什么时候": 我们什么时候开会? (My interpretation: "When is the meeting?") 现在几点? (My interpretation: "What time is it?") ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Regional pronunciations of standard Mandarin [closed]

When I first came to China, I was quite disappointed to find out that, in so many places, the colloquial pronunciation was so greatly different from the one I've studied so far. The phonological ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between 看到 and 看过?

I've learned them in Chinese class, but still a bit confused, 看 means see, but what is the difference between 看到 and 看过?
2
votes
2answers
143 views

What's the difference between 扣好安全带 (kòuhǎo ānquándài) and 系好安全带 (jìhǎo ānquándài), which both seem to mean “fasten seatbelt”?

On the plane I see 就座后扣好安全带 (jiù zuòhòu kòuhǎo ānquándài) which is translated to "fasten seatbelt while seated". On the bus I see 上车请系好安全带 (shàngchē qǐng jìhǎo ānquándài) which I think translates to ...
1
vote
3answers
779 views

What's the difference between 周 and 星期? [duplicate]

From a dictionary lookup, it seems that both 周 and 星期 can mean "a week"—is there any difference in usage?
35
votes
9answers
7k views

What is the difference between 狗 and 犬?

狗 (gǒu) and 犬 (quǎn) both mean "dog" and both seem relatively common, but is there any difference between them? When should I use one and when should I use the other?
12
votes
2answers
522 views

What's the difference between ,and 、

What's the difference between ,and 、 as they appear in some texts, like in this passage of the Zhuang Zi (end of the second part): 是萬物之化也,禹、舜之所紐也,伏戲、几蘧之所行終,而況散焉者乎! Is it like comma and semicolon? Or ...
10
votes
1answer
914 views

Difference between 实际, 现实, 确实, and 实在

These 4 words (实际, 现实, 确实, and 实在) all mean different combinations of 'real', 'indeed', 'practical', 'really', and 'reality'. Is there any easy way to distinguish, remember and understand the ...
7
votes
2answers
965 views

What distinguishes 各位 (gèwèi) from 大家 (dàjiā)?

From dict.cn: 各位 (gèwèi) = everybody 大家 (dàjiā) = everyone So they seem closely related, but I don't think they're identical. Today is Teacher's Day and messages like "祝各位老师节日快乐" are popping up in ...
15
votes
5answers
6k views

What is the difference between yǐqián (以前) and zhīqián (之前)?

I'd like to have some way to differentiate between yǐqián (以前) and zhīqián (之前), in order to help with memorising them both. Referring to Modern Mandarin Grammar (Claudia Ross, Routledge 2006), it ...
7
votes
3answers
504 views

What is the use of 色 in color names?

I thought that the proper way to use the basic color names is generally with 色, i.e.: 这件衣服是蓝色的 But recently I have come across such a sentence: 我不喜欢黄的,我喜欢白的。 Is the 色 optional, or is the ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the difference between 看起来 and 看上去?

I see them both used in the same way and both seem to get equal hits in Baidu. Here are some sample sentences containing each. http://www.dictall.com/st/60/37/60372038C00.htm http://www.dictall.com/...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Are there differences in writing between Chinese languages, such as Mandarin and Shanghainese

There are already many questions about the different spoken languages that can be called Chinese. This question on the other hand asks about the written one(s?). Well, to start, is the written ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

What is the difference between 看不起 and 看不上?

The two have very similar meanings and can both be used to mean "detest, despise, look down upon" but there seems to be a subtle difference. According to these entries: 看不起 http://www.zdic.net/c/b/...
7
votes
8answers
2k views

Is 其他人 any different from 别的人?

I guess the question could also be, is 其他 any different from 别的? Is one any more formal, any more slang, any more rude, anything of the sort, than the other? Or are they essentially the same?
5
votes
3answers
449 views

What is the difference between 嘗試,試圖,and 企圖?

I'm trying to translate this sentence to Mandarin: She's trying to recover the torn photo. So I was trying to find a meaning of "to try" in Pinpin Dictionary, and I came up with three different ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

都 vs 也 in “连。。。都/也” structure

I would like to learn when to use 都 and when to use 也 in the 连。。。都/也 structure. My current understanding is that 都 is often used for positive sentences whereas 也 is generally used for negative ...
3
votes
1answer
408 views

Difference between 只,之, and 支?

I'm a native speaker but I don't know the first thing about writing Chinese, on Rosetta stone we were shown 一支笔 and 一只狗, whats the difference and where and when do you use each one?
2
votes
3answers
963 views

Difference between 能 and verb + 得了(de liao3)

I remember once being told that there are differences in usage and meaning between 能 and verb + 得了. 他能来。 他不能来。 他来得了。 他来不了。 EDIT: Maybe my examples above weren't that good. Here are some new ones: ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Is there a difference between 風景 and 風光?

Our book just introduced 風景 as scenic view, landscape. Now it introduces 風光 as "scenery". The book is very basic. It typically doesn't introduce alternative vocabulary. So I am trying to spot any ...
1
vote
5answers
126 views

了 with two verbs: What's the difference between 我去厨房找了饮料喝 and 我去了厨房找饮料喝?

In one of my stories I wrote: 我去了厨房找饮料喝。 A student at Nankai changed this to: 我去厨房找了饮料喝。 Question: What's the difference between 我去厨房找了饮料喝 and 我去了厨房找饮料喝? I just want to say something like "I ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Macau Cantonese, any differences from HK?

Does anyone know how Cantonese from Macau differ from HK if there are any? Any slangs or terms used in Macanese Cantonese that is rarely used or heard in HK? Maybe some sinicised portuguese words? ...
8
votes
3answers
976 views

Difference: 小气 vs. 小器?

Especially in the sense of stingy, miserly. What's the difference between 小气 and 小器? I remember being told that one is more "correct", than the other, but I can't quite recall which. The search ...
7
votes
3answers
558 views

How formal is 如何 in the context of 最近如何?

I was told by friend who is a native mainland speaker that "最近如何", or anything using "如何" to inquire about the state of a person, is a very ancient/formal way of speaking. This was quite a shock to me&...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between 本来 and 原来?

I was learning in a Mandarin class and I was kind of stumped on the use of "本来" and "原来" when filling in the blanks in a sentence. Here's my attempt to these questions (taken from ...
6
votes
3answers
132 views

How to spot (if possible) if a final 了 is part of an omitted 要 in a 要…了 construction or simply a past information?

There are some examples of sentence 了 that indicate future action which (seems to) have a 要 omitted: 我(要)走了,拜! - I am going to leave, bye! I know context usually helps with the issue of time and, ...
6
votes
8answers
1k views

What examples highlight the distinction between 产生 and 生产, both meaning “to produce”?

产生 (chǎnshēng) 病毒是怎样产生的?[src] How are viruses produced 导体中就会产生电流[src] [The] conductor will produce electric current. 生产 (shēngchǎn) 操作人员对自己生产的产品要做到自检[src] workers regarding their own produced goods ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the difference between 停车 (tíngchē) and 泊车 (bóchē), which both seem to mean “park car”?

I see these two road signs at Nankai University (Jinnan campus), Tianjin: 请勿泊车 = qǐng wù bóchē 禁止停车 = jìnzhǐ tíngchē Both seem to mean "no parking" with: 请勿 meaning "please no ..." and 禁止 ...
4
votes
3answers
441 views

What are the difference between e.g. 想, 觉得 and 认为 when expressing opinion?

What are the main ways to express opinion in Chinese? I know there are some verbs used for this, like 想, 觉得 and 认为. What are the difference between them when expressing opinion? (I know they also have ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

What is the difference between 听到、听过 and 听说?

There are 3 听 (hear or listen to). What is the difference between 听到, 听过, and 听说?
3
votes
2answers
271 views

If 蓝天 means “blue sky”, does 青天 mean “cyan sky”?

Peole use both 蓝天 and 青天 and I am wondering if there is any difference. While 蓝 means blue, 青 means cyan, right? Why do people say 蓝天白云 often but seldom 青天白云 (though 青天白日 is sometimes used)?
3
votes
4answers
1k views

不比 vs 没有 comparison usage

If my understanding is correct, then: 他没有我高。= he's not as tall as me, i.e. he is shorter. 他不比我高。= he's either as tall as me or shorter, i.e. he's at most as tall as me. Is that correct? If so, in ...
3
votes
3answers
342 views

What is the difference between 假如 and 例如?

What's the difference between 假如 and 例如? As far as I know, their usage is the same.
2
votes
2answers
102 views

What is the difference between 几月几号 and 几号?

What is the difference between 几月几号 and 几号, when asking about the date? Like 今天几月几号? or 今天几号?