Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the grammatical rules governing Chinese structure and composition.

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3 answers
23 views

How does 含金量非常得高 work?

学历教育与非学历教育的区别是学历教育的社会认可度比较高,一般来说在学校进行的全日制的教育方式以及成人继续教育这种国家发放学历证书的就是学历教育,其毕业的时候所获得的毕业证书和学位证书在现在的社会上认可度更高,在放到什么地方都能适用的,这也是很多人在接受教育的时候愿意选择的教育方式,含金量非常得高。 学历教育与非学历教育的区别是什么, Beiwai Online, 2018. The above-...
2 votes
6 answers
264 views

Which sentence is correct?

Wondering where to put a time frequency word in a Chinese sentence? Which one of the following sentences is correct? 我每个星期去四次大学 or 我每个星期去大学四次? Thanks!
2 votes
4 answers
122 views

Is "平房好像快坍到河里去了似的" a grammatically correct sentence?

When mining sentences for my flashcard deck, I like to shorten sentences that are unnecessarily long. I need to make the following sentence way shorter, and the word (in this case pronunciation) I am ...
2 votes
2 answers
51 views

Which makes more sense when calling myself a fool / foolish?

A girl that I like frequently calls me 笨蛋. I want to confess my feelings to her and wasn't sure if saying 我知道我很笨蛋。 or 我知道我是笨蛋。makes more sense gramatically.
54 votes
13 answers
52k views

的-地-得, when do you use which?

So the age old question of 的-地-得, when do you use which? When spoken, it all sounds the same, but on paper it depends on if it's a verb, noun, adjective. But I don't quite remember if that is all that ...
1 vote
4 answers
52 views

How should I parse 整个候选人赛14盘比赛?

In (international) chess news regarding next year's word championship: 整个候选人赛14盘比赛,丁立人低开高走,前8盘战绩仅为1负7和,后6盘则是4胜1和1负。 孙海光, 首获男子国象世界冠军战资格,丁立人有信心捅破“窗户纸”丨专访, September 2022. It's referring to the ...
0 votes
3 answers
69 views

Is it just me, or is 教……学习 in 爸爸正在教他的孩子学习游泳 weird?

This sentence is in a 看图写话 section of a HSK6 textbook (photo): 在游泳馆里,爸爸正在教他的孩子学习游泳。 郑丽杰, 刘悦, 21天政府HSK6级写作, p. 24. I'm puzzled about how both 教 and 学习 both appear in the same sentence. sb. 正在教 sb. ...
2 votes
1 answer
44 views

How did I go in my mock HSK6 exam faulty wording section?

I took a mock HSK6 exam yesterday, which I recorded to see where I went wrong. A 深秋的太平山,是人们攀登高山欣赏红叶的最佳时节。 [my answer] B 车辆驶过整洁宽敞的大道,古朴的牌楼迎面映入眼帘。 C 网络空间急剧扩张,已经覆盖了人类社会生活的各个领域。 D 报告显示,去年中国游客量增幅超过50%,...
3 votes
2 answers
105 views

Please help me change these sentences using 不止

I'm not sure if what I changed below was correct or not. 我看陳太太那麼老,恐怕不會只有70歲吧? -> 我看陳太太那麼老,恐怕不止70歲吧? 愛闖紅燈的,並不是只有騎摩托車的,開車的也一樣。 -> 愛闖紅燈的,不止是騎摩托車的,開車的也一樣。 王小姐家不但她能幹,她兩個姐姐也是女強人。 -> 王小姐家不止她能幹,...
3 votes
3 answers
61 views

Confusing 了1 and 了2

One of the functions of 了 is marking the completion of an action. (了1) Another function is marking a change of state. (了2) Personally it is sometimes difficult for me to distinguish between these two ...
3 votes
1 answer
84 views

When does one use 同埋 and 然後 in Cantonese?

A long time ago, I asked a Hong Kong colleague how to order food by saying "and" or "and then". She taught me the structure is basically something like "我要薯條同埋一個漢堡包." But ...
3 votes
1 answer
283 views

Cantonese Question: When does one use 咩 versus 乜野?

I've been listening to some Cantonese audio from Pimsleur and noticed they use a different word for "what" compared to what I learned from CantoneseClass101. In CC101, they used 咩, such as &...
3 votes
2 answers
96 views

Difference between 有冇 and 咗 for past tense in Cantonese

I have finished my audio course on Cantonese and was confused about one grammar point. Sometimes people in the conversations, referring to the past tense, would say something like this for "Did ...
2 votes
5 answers
119 views

What is the difference between 我 and 我们 as "we"?

几年后,赵奢去世了。这一年正好秦国军队来打赵国,赵国派老将廉颇带20万大军迎战。廉颇根据敌强我弱的形势,命令士兵们坚守阵地,绝对不可主动出战。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 15. Baidu and Google say that here 我 means we and indeed according to ...
4 votes
3 answers
821 views

Difference between 可能 and 能

I’ve always wonder what is the difference between the word 可能 and 能. I know it both means can, possible but is there any difference between them?
2 votes
2 answers
49 views

"at this time" 这个时候 or 这时候 maybe 这段时间

I learnt that when I want to say "at this time" I should use 这时候。In a video, I saw 这个时候。 I learnt when I want to use a noun I should use 时间 and measure the word for time is 段。 I am confused ...
1 vote
3 answers
328 views

How should I understand "~长~短" phrase in English?

I learned the phrase of "~长~短", and it means "~怎么样,~怎么样", though I feel it is difficult to understand it in English. For example, the following sentences are examples of using &...
3 votes
4 answers
958 views

Can 你去吧 be considered rude and what are some alternatives?

For example, if your classmate says he has to get home soon before it starts raining, and you want to support his decision, can you say “你去吧” ?In English one could say "Go, go!" But ...
4 votes
4 answers
278 views

What does 听得见摸得着了 mean?

In the following sentence: 最初的体验便是心跳加速,仿佛有一只小锤不停地捶打你的喉咙。不吃饭时,这种感觉时轻悠悠的,吃了饭,这个小锤便从喉咙升到头顶,产生轻微的震动,震得头有些疼。不知为什么,我觉得这是一种生命的体验。在这样的反应中,生命好像听得见摸得着了。 I think the bold part uses a degree particle, and ...
1 vote
1 answer
54 views

What do the ending sounds in Cantonese sentences mean or convey?

I think it's pretty well known that Cantonese has a lot of a's and la's attached to the end of sentences. However as a non-native, I have trouble understanding when these are used. For example, when ...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

What is the difference between 跟, 跟着 and 跟着着?

What is the difference between 跟着 and 跟? All dictionaries say that both can mean the verb "to follow". If I want to use the 着 as a "particle indicating the continuation of an action or ...
2 votes
3 answers
84 views

What is the function of 了 in 请告诉她我不能跟她去看电影了?

Is it the "change of state" sentence-end particle? If so, can you say this sentence without it? And if not, how do you convey the difference between: (She already knows, the situation hasn't ...
2 votes
2 answers
39 views

What is the difference between 过 and 度 in their meanings "to spend/pass (time)"?

Is there a general difference between the two? There are two examples I have found: 度假 Is this interchangeable with 过假? And the second 这个假期你打算怎么过? Can this be exchanged with "...怎么度"? If ...
1 vote
2 answers
92 views

What is the difference between 每天(都) and 天天?

As far as I can find, 每天 is slightly more formal?
2 votes
2 answers
91 views

The use of ''call'' in Chinese. e.g. '' 为你打call ''

I came across the phrase ''为你打call'' recently in a Douyin video. I recalled seeing ''call'' a few times without really paying much attention to it. It seems it has made it's way into the Chinese ...
3 votes
2 answers
94 views

How Do I Write "At [descriptor], ..." in Chinese?

In English, I can write "At x pages, y." where x pages refers to a document consisting of x number of pages and y is a description of the document. Example: At two pages, the proposed bill is short. ...
3 votes
3 answers
71 views

Why do we use 的 at the end of this sentence 你穿这么少,会感冒的?

I'm familiar with some basics of the 的 usage. But what exactly does it do in this sentence?...Thank you in advance! Would welcome any other examples...
3 votes
3 answers
398 views

Meaning of 来 after and before certain verbs

What's the purpose of 来 in the following sentences? 他给我买什么来了? 我汉字写得太慢。你来写吧。 我来买票.
2 votes
3 answers
103 views

Word order question (在一起 and 合作)

I am learning Chinese on my own and I find myself getting the word order wrong on some sentences. For example: 我們在一起合作很多年了 I sometimes mistakenly use this word order: 我們合作在一起很過年了 I realize this is a ...
2 votes
3 answers
81 views

Different meanings of ‘儿’

I know 儿 can be a diminutive suffix, and can convey endearment or smallness but when used as a suffix for 这 to change the meaning from ‘this’ to ‘here’ I don’t think this applies. (Same with 那 ...
1 vote
2 answers
81 views

Can a modal verb like 会 go with the aspect particle 过?

Is there any situation in which 会 serves as a verb "to be able to/to know how to" and 过 is attached to it as an aspect particle? If not, why not? Any example I find of 会+过 is clearly using 会 ...
2 votes
4 answers
351 views

Meaning of "如果不是因為"

I am reading a graded reader and came across a sentence that I find a bit confusing: 如果不是因為這個面試,我都不知道... My understanding of the (partial) sentence above is "If it weren't for the interview, I ...
1 vote
3 answers
109 views

Can I use 是 with adjective (color)?

In my work book I saw the sentence: 现在这个咖啡的颜色好一点,不是很黑 My question is: if 黑 (in 不是很黑) is an adjective, why it is used with 是? should it be 不太黑?
0 votes
4 answers
144 views

Why does 是 not go with 会 when talking about the future?

The premise of my question is wrong, and was based on spending too many hours trying to explain the ins and outs of Chinese verb structure to a colleague. I'll leave the question here anyway, though, ...
1 vote
2 answers
48 views

What is the subject of the verb 组成?

北京有各种规模的四合院。最简单的四合院只有一个院子,比较复杂的有两三个,而有钱人家的,通常是由好几座四合院并列组成的。 Hi all. I found this in the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 14. What is the subject of the verb 组成? The abstract "it", as in ...
3 votes
6 answers
1k views

What is the function of 了 in 我现在养了一只狗和一只猫?

Presumably the 了 cannot mean a "completed action" since this is cancelled out by the 现在? Additionally, if the meaning is I raised (completed action) a dog... and I still have it now (现在) - ...
1 vote
3 answers
78 views

What is function of 的 in 挺.......的?

I am understanding 挺。。。的 to mean "quite" I don't get the sense that the 的 is nominalizing an elided phrase particularly, or is this wrong? If yes/no, how/why? Additionally, why/when is it ...
1 vote
2 answers
82 views

What is function of 了 in 太……了?

I am understanding 太……了 to mean "really/very/too/excessively" I don't get the sense 了 is either a completed-action or a sentence-end change-of-state - would this be right to assume? If yes/...
3 votes
7 answers
570 views

What are the answers to the HSK6 语病 ("faulty wording") questions on the 22 publicly available HSK6 exams?

[This is a work in progress. You can consider this a first draft now. It still needs some proofreading.] There are 22 publicly available HSK6 exams. Since I'm studying this topic for my upcoming ...
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

In my maths textbook, what is 和 doing in the question 两次所得的和相同吗?

This is a photo from my year-7 maths textbook (click to enlarge; alternative version): 两次所得的和相同吗?换几个加数再试一试. 从上述计算中,你能得出什么结论? I understand what it's saying: calculate 30+(-20) and (-20)+30 and check ...
0 votes
1 answer
78 views

What does 批 mean here?

I came across this sentence in 天橋上的魔術師 by 呉明益. 「不是,我是魔術師。」男人自己這樣宣稱。有一天我問他東西是哪裡批來賣的時候,他說,「這些魔術都是真的。」 東西 here refers to magic tools the man who claims to be a magician is selling. What meaning does 批 ...
2 votes
3 answers
66 views

Is it grammatically correct to omit 在 in prepositional phrases

In the sentence below, it seems like 在 has been omitted. 我们留学生楼两个人住一间。 (Two students live in a dormitory in our international student building.) I guess the original sentence was: 在我们留学生楼两个人住一间。 Is it ...
2 votes
5 answers
610 views

Is 孝文帝受她的影响很大 grammatical, and if so, what is the underlying grammar structure?

北魏孝文帝即位时才5岁,由祖母冯太后临朝听政。冯太后进行一系列改革,推动了鲜卑族汉化,促进了民族交融。孝文帝受她的影响很大。冯太后去世后,他继续推行改革。 My year-7 history textbook (image: large; alternative host) My 语感 is telling me the part in bold is not correct. Let's ...
3 votes
5 answers
574 views

How do I say "right at that time"?

I'm trying to explain a situation I was in recently in written Chinese. How would I say "Luckily, right at that time Mark heard my voice" Would it simply be 幸亏, 她正好那时候听到我的声音,马上叫了起来“ Thanks for ...
7 votes
4 answers
1k views

Using 比 (bǐ) for comparison

I know how to use 比 in simple sentences like 哥哥比姐姐高 (my big brother is taller than my big sister) Would it be used for other sentences like You learn more words by listening than by reading.
2 votes
2 answers
79 views

Is there a verb in the sentence 他说话的方式很奇怪?

I collect Chinese sentences which do not appear to have a verb, for comparison with other languages. (If you know a good source, or have some good examples, please let me know!) Does this sentence ...
0 votes
2 answers
55 views

What is the function of 还 in 可知道师傅像你那点年纪,票戏还去杨宗保呢?

The sentence in its entirety goes as follows: 可知道师傅像你那点年纪,票戏还去杨宗保呢! English translation: When I was your age I could play the role of Yang Zongbao! I know translations are not a hundred percent, ...
5 votes
8 answers
2k views

Why is 我把一本书买来了 wrong?

This Facebook post says: The object behind “把” should be a specific person or thing. Example: “我把那本书买来了” cannot say “我把一本书买来了”. Judging from context "behind" here should be "after&...
0 votes
2 answers
81 views

How does the “有“ affect the meaning of a sentence beginning 有一天 vs. 一天?

How does the “有“ affect the meaning of sentence? ‎What is the difference between 有一天国王把他的故事给一名作家 and 一天国王把他的故事给一名作家.
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

How does 给 change the verb meaning in 有一天国王把他的故事给一名作家看?

In the sentence 有一天国王把他的故事给一名作家看 , the intended meaning is, “One day the king showed his stories to a writer”. 看 by itself means to see or to look at. 给 is used as “to” but does this change the ...

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