Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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1answer
7 views

Are both sentences okay?

In the this sentence, 下班以后我去你家或者你来我家,都可以。 Can I change it to; 下班以后我去你家或者你来我的,都可以。 Can I do this every time? If the context is clear then can I just say (smth) 的? Also does the second ...
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《你有什么打算》跟《你有什么计划》一样的吗? [duplicate]

最近我对《打算》和《计划》有问题。如果我同事问我《这周末你有什么计划吗?》的话这有《你有什么打算吗?》的意思吗?如果不一样这两个句子有什么不同? I am a little bit confused on when to use 计划 and when to use 打算. My understanding is that both mean "plan" but they seem to be ...
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1answer
32 views

很多的 + noun vs 很多 + noun

What is the difference between 很多的 and 很多? Here are some examples: 他们在这个乌代布尔地区做了很多的调查 比如说攒很多的钱买一个LV的包 为什么有时候人会在人很多的地方觉得自己很寂寞? Is 的 needed in all three sentences?
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1answer
48 views

Nouns that don't require a measure word

Some of the time nouns don't require measure words. 三年,四周,五天,六秒,七日 ... Are there any more nouns (time nouns or otherwise) that don't require a MW ? Is there a comprehensive list somewhere ?
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3answers
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A verb negated with 没 / 没有 cannot be suffixed with 了. Is this true?

For example: I didn't eat breakfast today. 我今天没吃早饭。 我今天没有吃早饭。 我今天没吃早饭了。 我今天没吃饭了。(I didn't eat today.) This rule implies that 1 and 2 are correct but 3 and 4 are incorrect. Are 3 and 4 incorrect ? ...
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294 views

When is 的 needed to express “of”?

Consider the following two sentences: 早晨的太阳为什么是红色的 中午太阳又变白了 For the first sentence: the second 的 is because 红色 is 区别词 and the first 的 expresses alienable possession (i.e. no close possession). But ...
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Is 昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了 grammatical?

昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了。 I asked whether this sounded unnatural or not and was voted as 'a little unnatural'. And was answered with this; 昨天我吃完西瓜有过敏反应、所以我现在不吃西瓜了。 Is the first form acceptable ...
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1answer
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When to Add 了 in the 太…了 Structure

The grammar structure for expressing too much is 太.....了according to my grammar book. And to express anymore... Eg. I don't like you anymore. I don't live there anymore. ...You also use 了 at ...
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59 views

来 + verb to indicate future

What does 来 mean in the following sentence? 今天我们来讨论一个问题 I tried to translate the sentence as follows: "Today we are going to talk about a topic/problem/question". Does 来 indicate future? Is there a ...
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4answers
598 views

Is “那些你很冒險的夢” a common expression or just a song title?

Also is there a simple translation of it into English? As far as I can tell it says "those you very adventurous dreams", but this doesn't really make any sense.
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4answers
82 views

Pronunciation and characters for 打 110 Without Arabic numerals

Memrise provides a phrase that sounds like da yoyo liang. Is yi becoming yo here, and if so under what circumstances would this change occur? Is it just a dialect issue or standard mandarin.
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1answer
148 views

Usage of 的: The first day of (or without of) a fast?

Is correct to translate "The first day of a fast" (fast — in religious meaning) as: 第一天快? Or the better to use 的: 第一天的快?
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1answer
194 views

What is the rule behind 一带一路?

I know that 一带一路 sounds exactly right in Mandarin for Belt and Road.  But is there a general grammatical rule for why this uses 一?      It really does not mean "one belt, one road," and if you wanted ...
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3answers
42 views

How bad does a sentence with an inicial 了 sound here?

There's a rule in Chinese that says that when you have two or more verbs in a sentence, you should put 了 in the last one. As in: 他们请经理吃了饭。 How bad would it sound if you put 了 before 请? 他们请了经理吃饭。...
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4answers
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Is it possible to quip “My package went to Nanjing, but I'm in Beijing; that's the complete opposite Jing”?

I'm trying to quip My package went to Nanjing, but I'm in Beijing; that's the complete opposite Jing. For it to be funny in English, the reader would have to know that 京 in Nanjing 南京 and Beijing ...
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3answers
452 views

How does 还 function in 快下雪了,我还以为今天是好天气?

I am reading a textbook and I already understand that 还 (hai) is used to indicate continuation or in addition to something, but for the following sentence it is not exactly clear. When I read the ...
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5answers
108 views

Difference between 什么都不 and 什么都没

Is it a difference in the tenses? Like one's a present and the other is future? Explain with examples please And can we say 什么也不 and 什么也没?
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71 views

What is the difference between 能 vs. 会? [duplicate]

What is the difference between 能 and 会? Don’t they both mean “could”? What is the difference between them?
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1answer
40 views

Where to place 了 when using an auxiliary verb?

In general when using auxiliary verbs, where the auxiliary verb is in the past tense while the main verb isn't. An example: Because I like to read Chinese books, I began teaching myself Mandarin. ...
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1answer
40 views

phrase + 给 object + verb

In the link below from the wiki page talks about 给 in this structure. Subj. + 给 + Target + [Verb Phrase] https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Verbs_preceded_by_%22gei%22 But I don't ...
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2answers
61 views

在 before or after the verb

Hello i have a doubt about where 在 has to be? I have two references listed below about our matter. The first one talks about movement or location and the second about movement with displacement for ...
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2answers
72 views

Can we omit the 吗 at the end of a 难道 rhetorical question?

The Chinese Grammar Wiki writes: Note that 难道 can only be used for rhetorical questions which could be answered with yes or no, and generally end with 吗. And gives examples such as: 今天是我的生日,...
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3answers
63 views

Why is 你去了北京吗 less common than 你去北京了吗?

Note: My original question was Why is 你去了北京 correct but 你去了北京吗 incorrect? but I was mistaken, so I'll change the question to try to make it more useful (and less confusing) to the future reader. I'll ...
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4answers
36 views

reduplication of adjectives like 大

What is the diference in meaning of: 它的眼睛大大的。 它的眼睛很大。 or 他有大大的眼睛 他有大眼睛。 And when is good or wrong to use the reduplication? Thanks.
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Why is there the first 看 in 她看都没看过我一眼?

From 标准教程HSK4上 (page 93): 她看都没看过我一眼,怎么样才能使她喜欢我呢? Google Translate is not great here, but it gives some idea of how it works. I think it translates to something like: She has never even ...
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68 views

Does 听说你去丽江玩儿了 imply they are still in 丽江?

From 标准教程HSK4上 (page 88): A:听说你去丽江玩儿了?那儿怎么样? B:那里特别美,空气也很新鲜。 If I'm not mistaken, the 了 is the change-of-state 了. But this gives two possibilities: The change of state is B going from B's ...
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55 views

Is it essential to highlight the use of a metaphor with 像…那样 or something to this effect?

In the 标准教程HSK4上 book, chapter 6, 课文1, I felt 张远 was being annoying by asking a lot of questions about why 李进 didn't answer his phone. So I wrote: 如果别人不想接电话,不用审问TA。 My teacher was surprised by my ...
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1answer
47 views

Description of a person in chinese

I have three point to be clear about describing people. 1) In describing a person structures like this are usual. 我有一个好朋友叫徐浙峰,他的个子高高的,头发短短的,眼睛像葡萄一样亮. What i understand is that in the sentences ...
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2answers
60 views

Reduplication in 五六十年代年代

I know that classifiers, verbs, and adjectives can be duplicated. However, the expression 五六十年代年代 seems to contain a duplicated noun instead. The meaning is clearly "the decades of the 50s and the 60s"...
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97 views

What's wrong with 空调制冷得不太好 meaning “The air conditioner cools poorly”?

I thought 空调制冷得不太好 would be perfectly fine, using the grammar structure Subj. + Verb + 得 + Complement Chinese Grammar Wiki But there's no hits on Baidu for "制冷得不太好" which is a strong ...
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1answer
45 views

也 and 还 diference not clear enough

I thouht 还 ment besides or además(in spanish), it gives more informatión but let me give you an example There are clear examples like when you say i play piano, he plays piano to. Here where you ...
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4answers
58 views

Structures for describing people, appearance or personality

I have a question about the chinese structures. In this example talking about 大力。 大力好动,乐于挑战自己,十分喜欢运动。 In the first part of the sentence there is no verb which is normal but there is no 很。Afterwords ...
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1answer
64 views

What purpose is 的 serving in this sentence

In this sentence, I'm trying to understand the function of 的。 姐姐 给 我 买 的 衬衫. I thought it might indicate possession, but, (in my beginner understanding), that would require 的 to be between 2 nouns. ...
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Why is there both 另外 and 别 in the sentence 你还是另外找别人吧, and why does 另外 come before 找?

The following example sentence is from the book 标准教程 HSK 4上 (p.32): 最近小雨太忙了,没时间帮你,你还是[另外/另]找别人吧。 It means something to the effect of Recently Little Yu is too busy and has no time to help you, you ...
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50 views

Not only, but also (in cantonese)

佢唔單只感冒,仲發燒添。 Not only does he have a cold, but he also has a fever. What is the function of 添? I feel rather awkward saying it. I searched the dictionary and doesn’t look like it has added any ...
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How do you use 的 at the end of a sentence

Like for school my teacher gave us an example 看足球赛的学生. And she wanted us to do that format. Such as the music I like or students who are doing homework at school So is it the thing the subject is ...
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How can I use the idiom 米已成炊 to explain “once I've told you, I can't un-tell you”?

I wrote the following: 我愿意告诉你我的故事,可是后来就跟米已成炊一样。 Basically, it was intended as a warning: I'm willing to tell you my story, but afterwards I can't un-tell you. My Chinese teacher indicated she ...
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60 views

What kinds of things can be described as 丰富多彩 (richly colorful), and how do I describe them?

A while back, my teacher asked me to use 丰富多彩 ("richly colorful") in a sentence, but it wasn't received particularly well. The relevant part in my writing was ...丰富多彩地环境 and she said 各种颜色 was ...
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1answer
35 views

when doing an action expression with 在

In my learning book easy steps to chinese 4 textbook you can see the next sentence. 在北京游览,乘坐什么交通工具比较方便。 Well the question is for the first part of the sentence. 在北京游览 means, visiting/touring ...
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43 views

Is there a meassure word missing in 在这河里游泳危险

In the next sentence is the meassure word 条 after 这 missing? I have seen the phares on a hsk game page in the internet. 在这河里游泳危险 Thanks
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65 views

Is it okay to say 我下一下 when e.g. getting off a bus?

Once I saw a woman get off a bus and I thought she said 我下一下 to inform the driver that she was getting off. However, I mentioned that to a Chinese friend, and he seemed to think it's weird, so it's ...
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40 views

作为此 Grammar Purpose

What is the purpose of 作为此 in this sentence: 本指南仅介绍了作为此 CPython 版本的一部分提供的创建扩展的基本工具 It is translated here as This guide only covers the basic tools for creating extensions provided as part of this ...
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1answer
46 views

Any rule(s) about combining nouns with other words to form new nouns?

I came across the sentence "行进路线上的生物早早就避开了" and I interpret "行进路线" to mean marching path. 行进 means marching/advancing and 路线 means route/path so marching path seems to make sense, but this is my first ...
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3answers
76 views

What part of speech is 到 (to) when used in this case?

I was having trouble with the sentence "两只饿到眼绿的老鼠正在房梁上打架" because I could not understand the usage of 到 here. After I spent some time thinking I figure the meaning is that the rats were hungry to the ...
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1answer
40 views

How to express ADJ + enough?

I'm pretty sure that "good enough" is 够好,but I'm not sure if this structure can be extended to all adjectives. Would the same structure work for all/most adjectives? Is it good enough? -> 够好吗? ...
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2answers
124 views

What does the word 'field' mean in this context?

I edit a manuscript for non-chinese-speakers. The writer was an expert in Chinese language and literature. I want to learn, but I am not a native speaker. So, I have difficulty in interpreting how ...
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68 views

What are the problems with my sentences?

她是一个从美国来的姑娘来中国训练中国的足球队。 (是。。的) 一发现她丢了她的题手包就连忙回饭店去,而在饭店里一直搜索总归放弃了。(连忙) 他第一次比赛的时候,虽然在培训他是足球队最好的运动员,但是他居然踢了一脚,没踢足球就不小心地摔倒去了。(居然) 4.作弊,偷了别同学的钱,跷课, 等等,他并不是一个很诚实的人。(并+bu/ 5.已经两个星期了,如果作业还没做了你干脆别做吧。(干脆) 6....
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2answers
79 views

Is it more natural to express “0” with a negative form?

In English you could use two forms when expressing a sentence that has a plural form with a value of "0". For example: You have 2 unread messages. Could be either: You have 0 unread messages. Or ...
2
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4answers
95 views

All this for the low price of

I want to list several features of a product and then at the end I want to finish with: all this just for the minimum price or all this for the minimum price My best attempt was 获得这一切只需要最低的价格. ...
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4answers
98 views

Object before the verb 每次地理考试我都不及格

In the sentence: 每次地理考试我都不及格. Is 考试 a verb? If it is a verb why is the object before it? If it is a noun could not 有 be missing before 地理?