Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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2
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3answers
60 views

Difference between 就要。。。了 and 要。。。了

(1)明天他就要回来了。 (2)明天他要回来了。 I wonder if both sentences are different. Can anyone tell me the difference between 就要。。。了 and 要。。。了?
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1answer
38 views

Definition order of adjectives of noun

黑小狗 means black puppy and 小黑狗 means small black dog, please correct me if I am wrong.
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1answer
72 views

Is 他的自行车被我买了 grammatically wrong?

他的自行车被我买了. (His bicycle was bought by me.) As I learn, 被 structure tends to be used in negative conditions. In this sentence, I think it is not wrong but not smooth. Can anyone explain if it is ...
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1answer
41 views

Is 靠 structure “A 靠 B do something”?

他们全家靠父亲一个人工作生活。Their family get by on their dad's salary. 他们靠经营宾馆发了财。They make fortune by hotel business. There are my questions (1) Is 靠 structure "A (pronoun/noun) 靠 B (pronoun/noun) do something"?...
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1answer
40 views

Meaning of 一样 in 你要像喜欢甜一样喜欢苦

你要像喜欢甜一样喜欢苦 My questions are (1) What does 一样 means in this sentence? (2) Can I put VERBS following 一样? E.g: 我跟Mary一样喜欢那种菜。(Both I and Mary like that dish) (3) If my example is wrong, how can it ...
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3answers
70 views

Is my sentence 如果没时间的话就告诉我 grammatically correct?

I am not sure that my sentence: 如果没时间的话就告诉我 is grammatically correct or not. So please guide me, have I used the right words?
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2answers
42 views

Is my sentence 如果我没去上班就一起朋友去玩 grammatially correct?

I have written the following sentence 如果我没去上班就一起朋友去玩 But, I am not sure if it is grammatically correct or not. Please give me some guidance.
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3answers
112 views

How does word order work in “作业 他 一点 都 没 做 ?”?

In Chinese grammar wiki, I found this sentence: 作业 他 一点 都 没 做 ? I'd like to read up on how this word order works and how to correctly apply it. Does it change the meaning or focus?
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4answers
49 views

When to use counters with 这 and 那

I'm having trouble locating a grammatical rule that explains if I should use counters in certain situations, I'll give you some examples 这个是什么 (What is this?) Do I need the counter in that sentence?...
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2answers
83 views

Using 得 with past particle 了

I tried to translate this sentence: The man cleaned the bathroom cleanly. I thought it would be: 他把卫生间打扫得干净了。 but my Chinese friends said that this is a wrong sentence. I am wondering, Why is ...
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2answers
57 views

可以 order structure?

I have some confusion about the grammar structure of 可以 Kěyǐ. I found in this website the basic usage is: Subj. + 可以 + Verb + Obj. But then I came across a dialogue where they put it after the verb: ...
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1answer
60 views

When does an adjective require 的 to describe a noun?

In this post on the omission of the possessive 的,I came across an explanation of the adjective suffix 的 by Tang Ho. An example was: 强大勇敢 (brave + strong) = correct without 的 强大勇敢的人 (brave and ...
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4answers
131 views

What is the function of “根本” in 这杯咖啡根本不值得花四十元人民币?

In this sentence: 这杯咖啡根本不值得花四十元人民币 What is the function of "根本"? As far as I can tell, this sentence would translate the same if it were removed. Is it being used like an adverb, like someone in ...
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5answers
106 views

What is the function of 就是

What does 就 是mean and how do we use it I have seen many times people using like in this sentence 就是关于爱情的 so what does 就是really means
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1answer
36 views

时量补语:modal and verb 了

Is there any difference between these two sentences: 我们已经分别了十年了 and 我们已经分别十年了 , the question is regarding 了 in these sentences, should we put one or two 了? Thanks.
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1answer
66 views

Is there any difference between 我给你不买 and 我不给你买?

Is there any difference between these two sentences: 我给你不买 and 我不给你买? Chinese grammar says we should put 不 in front of the preposition in these types of sentences... But I saw a lot examples when ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the meaning of 去想?Does it have to do with movement?

In this sentence, I don't understand the meaning of 去想: 但是学生们看到快餐就会买。他们只知道快餐好吃,不去想这些食品是不健康的。 I have never seen it before (去想). Is it that when the students go to the cafeteria, they don't think? Or ...
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3answers
64 views

中国有的地方都下雪了 some places in China

中国有的地方都下雪了 How may translate this sentence, why the translation is “some places are ...”? 中国有的地方都 means “all the places which are in China...”, doesn’t it? Thanks in advance.
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1answer
70 views

What is the role of 和 in “很高兴和您见面”

I am fairly new in learning Mandarin, and I am having a bit of trouble understanding the role of 和 in "很高兴和您见面" . From my understanding, 和 means "and" or "together with"; ...
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2answers
49 views

Eleven 把-related sentences containing grammar errors (e.g. 我把作业已经交给老师了): how do we explain these errors?

This post on Reddit gives eleven 把 sentences containing grammar errors (original image). It looks like a worthwhile exercise. (A native Chinese speaker /u/Lvguichen gave corrections without ...
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1answer
168 views

Position of 提供 in 这椅子是专为老年人提供的

这椅子是专为老年人提供的. This chair is provided for the old man. I don't understand why 提供 is at the end of sentence. I thought 提供 could be placed before 专为.
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5answers
96 views

What does 呢 do in 他在睡觉呢?

I can't get my head around the 着 在 正在 呢 grammar. I have a lot of questions regarding this grammar but I'll just focus on one here. If anyone wants to expand then you are more than welcome. 他在睡觉呢。 ...
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3answers
186 views

On a HSK6 test, why is 社会稳定,人民生活水平显著提高,这一切都给人留下了深刻的印象 the incorrect sentence?

In a YouTube video a native Chinese speaker answers questions on the HSK-6 test. He gets one wrong: to identify which "has grammatical errors or uses wrong words" below: A. 每个人都可以有所作为,...
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3answers
107 views

Meaning of 的 in 在蓝天白云的 衬托下,阳光的照射下

What does 的 mean in this sentence? I think what follows 的 is Noun, but these are 衬托下, 照射下 (Verbs) ...在蓝天白云的 衬托下,阳光的照射下... 谢谢你们!
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4answers
96 views

How to use 一般 and examples

一般 is both an adjective and adverb that means "same". I haven't found any thorough explanations of its usage. How is it generally used and in what kind of situations? Thank you so much!
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3answers
244 views

他上个星期在家里看电视看了二十个小时: Why is 看 written before 电视?

Basically I do self-studying and I have a question regarding this sentence: 他上个星期在家里看电视看了二十个小时. Question: Why is the verb 看 written before 电视? Isn't 电视看了 enough to tell that TV indeed was watched?...
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3answers
57 views

放,摆,翻译 without 把?

My textbook told me that a sentence like this is incorrect. 请你翻译这句话成英文。 The correct version of this sentence would be the following. (I created this sentence myself and hope to not have made a ...
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3answers
172 views

Which is correct: 已经毕业了两年大学 or 已经大学毕业了两年?

I know 大学毕业 is a verb phrase that means "graduate from university". I have 2 questions. (1) In expressing the duration of completed action, which is correct: 他已经毕业了两年大学 or 他已经大学毕业了两年? (2) If I ...
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4answers
666 views

Why is 我的朋友今年住在美国 translated to both “my friend [is living in / lived in] America this year”?

Here I am trying to translate two different English sentences to Chinese. "My friend is living in America this year." He is still living in America at the point of stating this fact. Translation :...
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1answer
62 views

What is the meaning of 得 in 饿得受不了?

饿得受不了 (can't endure the hunger) I kind of understand it, but why does 得 connect a verb with a verb?
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3answers
88 views

开 and 给 as Result Complement

My textbook introduces 开 and 给 as Result Complements which are placed after verbs to indicate the result of actions. However, the book doesn’t provide any examples. Can you guys teach me how to use ...
2
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1answer
93 views

What’s the difference between 起来 and 上?

Both 起来 and 上 after a verb should indicate the beginning and continuation of an action or a state. Are there differences in usage? If yes when should I use one instead of the other? Examples with 上: ...
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2answers
195 views

我爷爷的全身很疼,他不能去游泳: Is this sentence grammatically correct?

他对我说:“我爷爷的全身很疼,他不能去游泳” Is the entire sentence grammatically correct? I'm not sure about "的". Should I remove it or just leave it?
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3answers
95 views

What is the role of 给 in this 把 … 给 V construction?

I came across the following sentence in EP340 of the 故事FM podcast: 把一个垃圾桶的盖子给返过来,把小孩放在上面换了尿布。 My question is about the role 给 in the first part, before the comma. Without the 给 it would make perfect ...
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2answers
32 views

How to know “了…就” indicating completed actions

I just find out two circumstances that "了...就" construction is used. (1) 昨天,我买了书就回家。(Yesterday, after I had bought the book, I came back home) - COMPLETED ACTIONS (2) 我买了书就回家。(After buying the book, ...
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3answers
64 views

Using Dual-Character Verbs When Not Necessary

I am having trouble determining whether using both characters in a dual-character verb is always necessary. I am unsure about intransitive vs transitive verbs and am trying to better understand the ...
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1answer
68 views

Can 得 be used as a stand alone answer?

The following question/answer combinations are correct to my knowledge. 他能去吗?能。 他会去吗?会。 他可以去吗?可以。 What about the following question/answer combinations ? 他应该去吗?应该。 他该去吗?该。 他必须去吗?必须。 他得去吗?得。 ...
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1answer
61 views

What does 为 do in 鸦片战争后,天津开放为通商口岸?

鸦片战争后,天津开放为通商口岸。 Jukuu I'm confused about 为 in this example sentence from Jukuu. I think the sentence means: After the Opium Wars, Tianjin opened "treaty ports". I understand these refer to ...
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1answer
56 views

The meaning of 了 before and after Object of Consecutive Actions

I get confused about the meaning of 了 in the sentence describing consecutive actions. Can you guys explain the difference of meaning in two examples? 我坐飞机去了上海。 我坐飞机去上海了。 and 我来他家吃了饭。 我来他家吃饭了。 ...
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3answers
56 views

Is this sentence grammatically wrong? 我刚来了中国的时候,不会说中文。 我上大学了的时候,认识了我女朋友。

can anyone point out why this sentence is wrong? 我刚来了中国的时候,不会说中文。 我上大学了的时候,认识了我女朋友。 Thank you so much!
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4answers
113 views

Difference between 那时,那时候,当时,那会儿,那阵子

I was trying to say "at that time I started to be interested in maths". I translated it as: 当时我开始对数学感兴趣. Then I saw some other expressions to say "at that time": 那时,那时候,那会儿,那阵子. ...
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3answers
53 views

What's the meaning and part of speech of 两种 in this sentence?

喝彩有正彩,倒彩两种。 It's a sentence from an article about 喝彩. What's this "两种" (two types) semantically and grammatically? I understand it (probably wrong) as: cheering has a positive shade, booing two types....
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2answers
56 views

Can separable verbs be with 得?

I have two question involving 得. Please help me out. I wonder if separable verbs (verb + object) can be with 得 without repeating the first verb. For example, 她吃饭吃得很多。or 她饭吃得很多。 Because 吃饭 is a ...
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1answer
66 views

What does 他得经历九九八十一难 refer to?

I was watching a 西游记 adaptation from Little Fox Chinese and I've come across a sentence with numbers I can't quite understand. I read the translation but yet it doesn't make sense: "观音菩萨吃惊地看着信使。“...
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1answer
29 views

Sentence construction with 除了, 被,一方面

I'm currently studying these sentence constructions and I tried to translate in the best way possible. in addition to the kitchen, the living room of this apartment is also very large.Only if the ...
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2answers
109 views

How do you ask “Who is your dad” in Chinese? [duplicate]

I am learning Chinese on Duolingo and recently saw a translation of "Who is your dad?" as 谁是你的爸爸. When I used Google translate I got a similar answer. I have learnt (in the basics) that we put the ...
2
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4answers
150 views

Difference between 尽管 and 虽然

In this sentence should I use both 尽管/虽然 or not? I really like doing sports. Although I have many lessons every day, after four o'clock I'll be in the gym running and swimming. My friend Maria even ...
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5answers
95 views

The use of 会 in 我们每次谈都会吵架

In the next sentence what is the meaning of 会. 我们每次谈都会吵架。 What is the meaning and difference if you drop out 会. 我们每次谈都会吵架 meaning is: 我们每次谈都吵架 meaning is:
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3answers
73 views

我给打过电话,但没有打通。 The use of 过 (not experienced) [duplicate]

Hello I want to ask for the use of 过 in this sentence. 我给打过电话,但没有打通。 The translation of the book says, I tried, albeit unsuccessfully, to phone her. 大卫的朋友最近打过电话给大卫吗? What I understood is that 过 is ...
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1answer
28 views

Are these senteces correct? [closed]

I tried to correct them but I'm not sure about it. Is there a rule or a scheme to follow in order to correct them properly? 1.这幅画被我做了。 这幅画是我做的 2.我弟弟越来越高一点。 我弟弟越来越高 3.我只要喝茶,不要喝啤酒。 我只要喝茶,就喝啤酒 4....

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