Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, sentences and expressions.

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88 views

What kinds of things can be described as 丰富多彩 (richly colorful), and how do I describe them?

A while back, my teacher asked me to use 丰富多彩 ("richly colorful") in a sentence, but it wasn't received particularly well. The relevant part in my writing was ...丰富多彩地环境 and she said 各种颜色 was ...
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1answer
40 views

Is there any difference between beginning a sentence with 在北京游览 and (你)在北京游览(时候/时)?

In my learning book Easy Steps to Chinese 4 textbook you can see the sentence: 在北京游览,乘坐什么交通工具比较方便。 For the first part of the sentence, 在北京游览 means "visiting/touring Beijing" but is this a ...
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45 views

Is there a meassure word missing in 在这河里游泳危险

In the next sentence is the meassure word 条 after 这 missing? I have seen the phares on a hsk game page in the internet. 在这河里游泳危险 Thanks
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1answer
74 views

Is it okay to say 我下一下 when e.g. getting off a bus?

Once I saw a woman get off a bus and I thought she said 我下一下 to inform the driver that she was getting off. However, I mentioned that to a Chinese friend, and he seemed to think it's weird, so it's ...
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2answers
52 views

作为此 Grammar Purpose

What is the purpose of 作为此 in this sentence: 本指南仅介绍了作为此 CPython 版本的一部分提供的创建扩展的基本工具 It is translated here as This guide only covers the basic tools for creating extensions provided as part of this ...
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1answer
62 views

Any rule(s) about combining nouns with other words to form new nouns?

I came across the sentence "行进路线上的生物早早就避开了" and I interpret "行进路线" to mean marching path. 行进 means marching/advancing and 路线 means route/path so marching path seems to make sense, but this is my first ...
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What part of speech is 到 (to) when used in 两只饿到眼绿的老鼠正在房梁上打架?

I was having trouble with the sentence 两只饿到眼绿的老鼠正在房梁上打架 because I could not understand the usage of 到 here. After I spent some time thinking I figure the meaning is that the rats were hungry to ...
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1answer
48 views

How to express ADJ + enough?

I'm pretty sure that "good enough" is 够好,but I'm not sure if this structure can be extended to all adjectives. Would the same structure work for all/most adjectives? Is it good enough? -> 够好吗? ...
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140 views

What does the word 'field' mean in this context?

I edit a manuscript for non-chinese-speakers. The writer was an expert in Chinese language and literature. I want to learn, but I am not a native speaker. So, I have difficulty in interpreting how ...
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75 views

What are the problems with my sentences?

她是一个从美国来的姑娘来中国训练中国的足球队。 (是。。的) 一发现她丢了她的题手包就连忙回饭店去,而在饭店里一直搜索总归放弃了。(连忙) 他第一次比赛的时候,虽然在培训他是足球队最好的运动员,但是他居然踢了一脚,没踢足球就不小心地摔倒去了。(居然) 4.作弊,偷了别同学的钱,跷课, 等等,他并不是一个很诚实的人。(并+bu/ 5.已经两个星期了,如果作业还没做了你干脆别做吧。(干脆) 6....
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101 views

Is it more natural to express “0” with a negative form?

In English you could use two forms when expressing a sentence that has a plural form with a value of "0". For example: You have 2 unread messages. Could be either: You have 0 unread messages. Or ...
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4answers
100 views

All this for the low price of

I want to list several features of a product and then at the end I want to finish with: all this just for the minimum price or all this for the minimum price My best attempt was 获得这一切只需要最低的价格. ...
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4answers
118 views

Object before the verb 每次地理考试我都不及格

In the sentence: 每次地理考试我都不及格. Is 考试 a verb? If it is a verb why is the object before it? If it is a noun could not 有 be missing before 地理?
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2answers
74 views

Translation of 飞架 in 港珠澳大桥飞架三地

How do you make grammatical sense of 飞架 in the expression 港珠澳大桥飞架三地? Is it "the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge flies a three-city frame"? Or "the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge: flying and supporting ...
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2answers
74 views

Express that an event in the past could have occurred, if not for some condition

How do I express that an event in the past could have occurred, if not for some other condition that prevented it from occurring? For example: We could have deployed the code on Tuesday, but our ...
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2answers
58 views

Express when festivity or event happens

I need to write an eassy about festivities and I included the following sentence: 公历每年十二月十五日是这个西方传统的节日。 The teacher said this was not correct Chinese, instead, I should have written: ...
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1answer
41 views

Differentiating between adjective and adverb?

The sentence in question is this: 我的心又似小木船 it is translated: my heart is like a small wooden boat. can it also mean: my heart is a little bit like a wooden boat?
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1answer
72 views

Why can't I repeat the verb with degree complement in “昨晚我的朋友表达得很明确”?

I thought I have finally been able to wrap my head around this structure, but it seems no, not really. So I have seen this sentence: 昨晚我的朋友_表达_得很明确。 But according to my native speaker friend, you ...
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2answers
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make/become friends. 成为朋友,交朋友。 Since we were friends

I wanted to write in chinese. Since we were friends.... or ever since we made friends.... In my essay. I wrote 自从我们是朋友。And the teacher correct it, you cannot use the verb 是. She wrote 自从我们交上了朋友,。。 ...
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What does 的 do in "现在的Paul已经63岁了“?

I was reading a text from The Chairman's Bao titled "Australian Boy Finds 56-year-old Message in a Bottle" and I came across the following sentence: 现在的Paul已经63岁了 What does 的 do here? Could it be ...
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1answer
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Question about third tone sandhi in two specific cases

I know of the commonly cited rules for third tones, which are the following (copied from somewhere else, so excuse the grammatical errors): "When word with the 3rd tone is used alone, or used at the ...
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3answers
157 views

没有 as an answer. Cannot be 不?。

I have been studying a simple dialog that says: A> 你家住在哪里? 还住在城里? The answer was. B> 没有。我们最近搬到郊外住了。 If A was asking about the present how can you answer with 没有.besides the question does not have ...
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110 views

了 position with 把 construction

Good Morning. Today reading my chinese textbook i found the following sentence. 刚才上音乐课时把书包放在了教室的外面。 I have never seen the 了 after a preposition 在. ¿is it right or a mistake? I think the right ...
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105 views

Why is “的” not necessary when talking about someone's body parts?

I am learning Mandarin using Lingodeer and I've encountered the sentence, “这个女孩眼睛大” and I am wondering why it isn't necessary to refer to the girl's eyes with “的” in this sentence? I know that “的” can ...
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2answers
196 views

When is it necessary to say “_色的” when telling the color of something?

I'm learning Mandarin primarily using Lingodeer and when colors were first introduced I was taught to say “_色的” such as in “月亮是白色的”. Now in Lingodeer I am learning of how to put emphasis on certain ...
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3answers
130 views

How does one express “On the way to or from school”? Is 上下班 okay?

What is the proper way to say, "On the way to or from school (suppose from home)..." For example: "On the way to or from school students like to look through the cars windows." When referring to: ...
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2answers
96 views

How to say “Hopefully we can treat each other with more X”

Is there a general template for translating, "hopefully we can treat each with more X" where X is some noun. Examples: Hopefully we can treat each other with more consideration. Hopefully we can ...
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129 views

Is the 要…了 grammar structure needed in 我还有很多要学习了?

If I am trying to convey to someone that I still have much to learn. The first thought that came to my mind was 我还有很多要学习了 But I am unsure if the 要...了 structure is necessary. Without it the ...
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80 views

Saying “instead of” in cantonese

I want to ask how to say “instead of” in cantonese in the following context? “Can you pay me in Canadian dollar instead of Hong kong dollar?” (Or the general form of X instead of Y) One way might ...
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1answer
77 views

努力工作 用功学习 adjective, verb or adverb

In the sentences 他努力工作 and 他应该用功学习. 努力 is an adjective, or a verb. In Pleco only has this two options but it seems to be a adverb, that modifies the verb 工作. Or is 工作 a verb and both are verbs? I ...
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107 views

Translation of “you either speak too quickly or too slowly.” without repeating 说

This answer gives an example sentence meaning "you speak too quickly" to illustrate the usage of 得 (·de). 1) 你说得太快了。 In order to say "you either speak too quickly or too slowly", I'm pretty sure it'...
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1answer
41 views

What is the proper order to list the noun and adjective when using 的

I've learned that 的 can be used to say that some noun has some quality, for instance 你说的太快了 is saying that 你说 (your speech) has the quality of being 太快了 (too fast) or in other words "You speak too ...
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1answer
55 views

What are the differences between 的,地 and 得? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the differences between the three (de) in Chinese.
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107 views

A city is located east/north/west/south of a country; what is the correct Chinese grammar for that?

For example: I want to say that Freiburg (in Germany) is located east of France. My sentence was this: 弗莱堡在法国的东边。 This is also how we did it in class. But I'm starting to worry this sounds like it's ...
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3answers
229 views

What is wrong with this sentence and why? 我们八点上课,老师八点半才到了。

What is wrong with this sentence and why? I would like to have a grammatical explanation. 我们八点上课,老师八点半才到了。
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1answer
150 views

When is it right to use 是什么关系 rather than 有什么关系?

图中的男人跟男孩儿可能是什么关系? When to use 是什么关系 or 有什么关系? Will it be right to use the later in the above phrase?
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4answers
158 views

Is 晚 a verb or an adjective in the sentence 我 晚了一 个半小?

In the sentence below the is word 晚 a verb or an adjective? In the Pleco and other dictionaries says that it is an adjective but I have not seen an adjective with 了 and a duration in any grammar book. ...
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2answers
91 views

身 as a measure word is it commonly used

My Wenlin dictionary describes 身 as also a measure word for "suits of clothing". Is it commonly used by Chinese speakers ?
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1answer
52 views

Indicating degree with 比 and 不如

When using 比, you are able to add a classifying degree. For example, 一个苹果比一个香蕉贵一块元。 Can you do the same with 不如? 一个香蕉不如一个苹果贵一块元 ??
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3answers
112 views

How to say 反常识的 in English?

How to properly translate 反常识的 to English in academic writing? I want to express a surprising and unusual phenomenon that shouldn't appear in an experiment, which is not expected and against the ...
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1answer
66 views

Fixing sentences with object and complement after a verb

While perusing an article on allsetlearning.com about complements, I came across an interesting example of an ungrammatical sentence: 回来中国, where the object and complement are both placed after the ...
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2answers
83 views

Which grammatical rule is being used here?

I thought it’d be easy to say “I didn’t do well on my exam/I did poorly on my exam” but turned out it’s not an easy one. I have tried to translate it multiple times and here’s what I got (I’ve tried ...
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1answer
116 views

Uses of 正好 / zhènghăo

So, my focus today is the use of 正好, but it usage seems a little muddled. The first usage, as an adjective is quite clear: Just right (not too big, nor small; not too hot, nor cold etc). 这个饭不太辣不太淡 - ...
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2answers
386 views

Why one uses 了 and the other one doesn’t?

我每天吃吃睡睡,从来不运动,吃饱就睡,醒了,就吃,怎么还是不胖。 I wonder why the writer didn’t add 了 after “吃饱” whereas they added 了 after 醒. I know what 了 indicates here, it’s just that I don’t know why the writer didn’t treat “...
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93 views

Why is 弄 (nòng) in 他终于弄明白了?

I found the following sentence in a grade three 语文 school book in China (transcript). 他终于弄明白了,这块大石头是从遥远的秦岭被冰川带到这里来的。 [My translation] He finally understood, this big rock is from the distant ...
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3answers
52 views

Add 很 or not in these cases

Case 1 他的字写得好。(✕) 他的字写得很好。(〇) Case 2 他的字写得好,是因為比別人勤勞練字的關係。(〇) 他的字写得很好,是因為比別人勤勞練字的關係。(✕) Why is 很 compulsory in case one while it is redundant in case two?
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3answers
155 views

What is “语气词”? Why does this question end with 嘛 instead of 吗?

Somebody showed me a group picture that included their face, and asked me “你可以找到我嘛”. After replying I asked why 嘛 is used instead of 吗 for this question. My Chinese is not great and my Chinese friend ...
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2answers
149 views

Can 宁和 be used as a real name

I'm creating a half Japanese half Chinese character and I'm trying to figure out whether or not 宁和 can be used as a name. I'm also wondering if it means to aspire to peace and is read a "ninghe".
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0answers
52 views

How are those “sentence shrinking” exercises called and where to find ones on my level? [closed]

Today my Chinese teacher showed me those exercises: https://www.51test.net/show/8629497.html The goal was to shrink sentences like "可爱的小红在认真地看着有趣的新书" to "小红在看书". I heard this is what children in ...
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1answer
63 views

Mandarin equivalent for 返嚟?

In Cantonese 返嚟 is often used when asking someone about where they obtained something from. For instance, "學返嚟“ could be used in a sentence asking someone, "Where did you learn this from?" What's the ...

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