Questions tagged [mandarin]

Mandarin is a group of Chinese dialects that are considered the official language in many Chinese-speaking communities. The Beijing dialect is considered as standard pronunciation of Mandarin. Thus, when people say the "Chinese language", they implicitly refer to Mandarin.

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1answer
195 views

Words and phrases related magic(like in fantasy movies&MMO games)

I searched through dictionaries to understand magic related words and phrases, like in MMORPG games or Fantasy books/movies. But I'm so confused how to construct a sentence and I really want to learn. ...
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267 views

How to talk about identity politics in mandarin?

Talking about topics related to contemporary sexual identity and identity politics has been tricky in Mandarin... obviously a lot of this is specific to the American cultural milieu, and I haven't ...
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846 views

Why 天 is chosen for counting days instead of 日 in Mandarin?

In Classical Chinese, the proper word for counting days is 日. In Southern Chinese languages, 日 is more prevalent in counting days. Why 天 is chosen for counting days in Mandarin instead of 日? Edit ...
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201 views

我的个娘? Does this really just mean 'my mother!' and why?

I have been watching a TV program << 父母爱情 >> and a rather unsophisticated female character keeps repeating a phrase which I hear as '我的个娘' (I'm not sure if the '的' should be there or not?) It's ...
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5answers
891 views

吃 and 食 difference

I'm a native Cantonese speaker, so in Cantonese I use 食 as a verb and hardly ever use 吃, but in Mandarin, 吃 replaces 食 as the verb "to eat". Because of that I'm not sure when to use 食 in a correct ...
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369 views

专心 VS 专注 VS 关注, with 于 in the mix

I'm struggling with a couple things...first is the ability to know when is the right time to use each of the above, each which seems to more or less mean "to concentrate on". I think 关注 has the ...
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1answer
635 views

臀部,屁股和腚: When to use these and other words for buttocks?

There are a number of words for buttocks in mandarin (including those in the title). In which situations should they be used? Which are medical terms, colloquial terms, etc.? If you wanted to say to ...
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205 views

When does 给 object come before a verb, and when does it come after?

If there is a more general principle at work here, I'd love to know, so I can find more resources. For many verbs, if there's an object, you use 给 beforehand. 给他打电话 For some, you can do it before or ...
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4answers
157 views

Is it correct to say 人在中国喜欢乒乓球比踢足球, 但是人在美国喜欢踢足球比乒乓球?

你们好! I'm a student currently studying Chinese. We have an oral assessment where we will need to compare Chinese culture and China to the culture of the Western world. I was wondering if it is ...
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197 views

What is the best way to explain “plausible deniability” to a Mandarin speaker

So much of what goes wrong with human behavior centers on this idea. Does Mandarin Chinese have the concept of what we call "plausible deniability"? If so, what is the HanZi for it? If not, is ...
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3k views

How do I say “It's alright”?

How does one say "it's okay" or "it's alright" along the lines of "it's fine, don't lose hope". It could be a consolation or someone brushing something off going "Oh, it's still okay". Could someone ...
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Why does Chinese sometimes put 儿 after verbs and nouns?

I tend to see it a lot in text books and guides: 唱歌/唱歌儿 事/事儿 But it's always listed as optional, so what's the deal with it?
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Chinese equivalent of: 'ew'?

When disgusted by something people will usually say, 'ew, yuck!' or 'ew, gross.' Is there an equivalent of 'ew' in Mandarin? The only things I was able to find about it (here) - just explain what '...
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323 views

I Want to Switch Baidu to Pinyin from Simplified

I am a new student to learning Chinese and am having quite the problem using the internet. I am learning pinyin first and am wondering how I can change my Baidu account to pinyin from simplified. ...
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1answer
382 views

Character Gaps On Comic Conversation : 4 [closed]

I am learning Chinese by reading different texts. I have some problems recognizing some characters in this older copy of a book (the Chinese character is sometimes too dark to distinguish strokes and ...
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183 views

Is this Chinese and what is the meaning: 阿ㄘㄟˊ

I was listening to a pop song by the Chinese singer 那英. The song is called 天生不完美. I was curious to read the lyrics and so checked them at the following address: https://mojim.com/twy100287x13x7.htm ...
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Difference between learning Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Hokkien for visiting Taiwan

I'm planning on visiting Taiwan as a tourist for about one week next year. Both Wikipedia and Wikivoyage say that Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Hokkien are common languages there. What advantages ...
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5answers
337 views

Why can't 了 be used to indicate a completed action that has yet to come?

了 is a particle that indicates the perfective--the verb has no interior composition. This is different from the perfect aspect in English which focuses on the result of an action in the past that may ...
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2answers
55 views

How do waves relate to this?

Please write using simplified Chinese characters. I've been reading a short story in Chinese, with the task to translate it. Here's the passage I'm having trouble with: ‘看了,看了,他的那个女朋友真不像话,...
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4k views

What is the difference between yǐqián (以前) and zhīqián (之前)?

I'd like to have some way to differentiate between yǐqián (以前) and zhīqián (之前), in order to help with memorising them both. Referring to Modern Mandarin Grammar (Claudia Ross, Routledge 2006), it ...
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1answer
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Is the following correct ? (sign in Chinese seen in Thailand)

It says: 请勿餐和饮料进来 Personally I would say: 请把餐和饮料拿不进来
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3answers
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What does 就 mean in this sentence?

你怎么就睡在这里了呀? Searching 就 up on the Chinese Grammar Wiki gives a pretty long list of usages, and I have no idea what (if any) is most applicable.
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Confusions with third-tone reading

I came across a text. It is about shopping at a 商场. In Taiwan, I believe it's shang1 chang2, but in Mainland China, it's shang1 chang3, and I want to go with that one, however, it is causing me ...
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Chinese views on Erhua

I'm already well acquainted with erhua (儿化) in putonghua, essentially appending 儿 to the ends of words (or reading it when 儿 isn't written, as sometimes people do with 花 or 八点 etc). Many of these ...
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332 views

Is the following sentence grammatically correct?

"他原来什么都不知道" Shouldn't it be 他原来什么都没(有)知道 to show that we're talking about the past tense here?
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Insults in Chinese [closed]

Please answer in simplified characters. I've studied Chinese for quite a few years but I still don't know how to insult anyone. I've got to bring it to them hard and fast, strong, relentless. I'm ...
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1answer
127 views

Expressing translations between English and Chinese

How do I discuss translation in Chinese? I want to express to a Chinese speaker how and English speaker learning Chinese interprets Chinese language (in a few simple cases). Example 1: 猫 is cat, ...
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2k views

How do the Chinese address letters?

Please answer in simplified Chinese. In English, we do this on the front of the envelope of a letter: For example: To master (x) or Sir (x) or Lady (x) Address In the inside we put: Dear ...
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3answers
732 views

Hanzi pronunciation by radicals

I got into learning Chinese recently and since I already speak Japanese I find myself in a weird spot of being fairly familiar with a writing system, yet barely being able to read more than 30 ...
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1answer
395 views

Are `sh` and `x` really different phonemes, or just different realizations of the same phoneme?

I can't think of any minimal pairs; like shu vs. xu probably shouldn't count as a minimal pair since the vowel is different.
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What is the difference between 课 and 班级?

Is there any difference between 课 and 班级? As far as I know, both mean class in school. Some of example sentences I read are below: 这个班级上数学课的时候用计算机 他正在准备历史课的作业 这是一个高中的班级 他们正在上法语课 我的班级是在学习念英文 我想要教画画课 ...
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3answers
851 views

Any real difference between 句子 and 句话 in Mandarin?

I have learned that both words mean "a sentence". But they behave differently: 句子 requires a measure word and can be used separately, while 句话 does not (?) need the measure word and shouldn't be used ...
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606 views

Which verbs DO NOT go with 了 and or 过?

I remember reading that some verbs don't accept 了 or 过. Side question: When I use a word like 昨天 or 以前 do I use 了 or is it redundant? e.g. 昨天我去买了一台电脑 or 昨天我买一台电脑
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Questions about the Taiwanese mandarin accent

I recently got into learning mandarin, mainly because I recently travelled to Taiwan and really enjoyed their version of it. Now I want to learn mandarin, possibly with a Taiwanese accent but I haven'...
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1answer
98 views

Internet user - 网民? 互联网用户?

The question is simple – do these two terms mean the same thing? I have seen the first one translated as a "netizen" once, but do they principally mean the same thing? Thanks in advance!
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How do you say “much better” in Mandarin?

How does one translate the following sentence into Mandarin? "Why not Australia? It's so much better than America" Can I use 好多了 to translate "so much better" ?
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670 views

What's the difference between 慢慢 and 渐渐?

what's the difference between 慢慢 and 渐渐? For example why can you use 慢慢 here,but not 渐渐? ex) 你慢慢吃吧,别着急!
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1answer
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Pinyin “jiu” / “you” final pronounciation difference

In Mandarin should there be any difference between the pronounciation of the pinyin final in "jiu" and the pronunciation of the pinyin whole word "you"?
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762 views

斯 vs 这 vs 此 for the meaning “this”?

What are the differences between these three, 斯 vs 这 vs 此, and any other characters or words for "this" in Mandarin Chinese? I'm just a beginner and I've noticed at least these few characters are in ...
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2k views

What is the difference between 对不起, 请问, 不好意思, and 抱歉 to express “excuse me” or “sorry”?

I always wonder whether there is any difference between these four terms to say "excuse me" or "sorry". The difference between 对不起 and 不好意思 is explained in this question, but I'm not sure about the ...
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2answers
306 views

What does the following phrase mean “士不可不弘毅, 任重而道遠”?

I know it's a Confucian saying but I'd like to know the meaning behind it. Anyone have a clue?:)
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5answers
664 views

Vocab problem: 肥 vs 胖 vs 肥胖

Do all of these mean just "fat, obese"? Dictionaries seem to indicate that these characters mean that separately. Is there a reason to use them both? Is this one of the cases where two characters just ...
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857 views

Can anyone recommend Chinese names that mean “a rainfall of jade”?

In my opinion, “a rainfall of jade” conjures up a pleasant imagery. The name I’m looking for is intended for a boy. Family name is 白. I was thinking of the name 雨琳 as it’s closer to the English ...
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2answers
156 views

How to interpret a sentence with two clauses but no conjunction?

In macOS' Dictionary app, the result of 允许 shows the following example sentence: 不得到领导的允许,你不能走。 You can’t go without the permission of the leaders. However, I wonder how the sentence can be ...
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3answers
265 views

Chinese word order assistance

I'm struggling with where some time phrases go? I understand that 'when' comes before the verb and 'how long for' goes after. However I have found sentences using 很久 and 整天 that seemingly break this ...
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5answers
317 views

What is the difference between these two sentences?

我跑了3公里的步 vs 我跑步跑了3公里. They both mean "I ran for 3 km", right?
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1answer
152 views

How to determine if character can be used separetely?

This question might be weird, but I haven't been able to find an answer to this. Some characters seem to be used only in combination with other characters. For instance, I believe 儿 cannot be used ...
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3answers
677 views

chinese bound trisyllabic morphemes

I'd like to know whether there're truly bound trisyllabic morphemes in mandarin Chinese. Thank you so much in advance.
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648 views

How do you say “immersion” as in “full immersion language program”?

How do you say "immersion" as in "full immersion language program" or "I am moving to China so I can get some immersion in the language"?
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1answer
121 views

Could you please tell me what these characters are?

I can't decipher this pic. Will someone please kindly tell me what they are? It is from the name of a language school. Looks a bit like 拍扙, whatever that is.