Questions tagged [meaning]

Questions about understanding the meaning of words, phrases, etc. For in-context meaning, use [meaning-in-context].

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-1 votes
0 answers
38 views

Why does 派 mean "school of thought, sect, branch; clique; school; group; faction; to dispatch; to send; to assign; to appoint"?

The entire character depicts a long, flowing river network. But Dong Chinese skipped steps, and does not spell out how this meaning "later expanded to "faction", "school of ...
-1 votes
0 answers
38 views

Why does a "foot (止) kicking a person (人)" mean `here" (此)?

I am asking just about meaning (2) below. Meaning (2) flabbergasted me, because "here" is a bloodless, unbiased, and uncommitted adverb. But "foot (止)) kicking a person (人)" is ...
1 vote
2 answers
41 views

How to literally translate this sentence: 志愿者同时欣赏原作和画面元素被调整后的画作?

另一个实验是这样,志愿者同时欣赏原作和画面元素被调整后的画作,包括静物画和抽象画。结果,几乎每个人都更喜欢原作。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 18. Please help me understand the literal translation of this sentence: ...
3 votes
1 answer
267 views

Unknown painting of a lady

I bought a painting on a French flee-market and and I would very much like to know who the painter is. The text is translate by someone who is very good at translating Chinese text and seals, but she ...
13 votes
7 answers
6k views

What is the difference between 通常,经常,and 常常?

What is the difference between 通常,经常,and 常常? I hear them a lot in conversational Chinese, but I can't pick out the difference in meaning. The dictionaries I've checked don't seem to agree on their ...
4 votes
8 answers
2k views

What does 摆烂 mean?

The meaning seems obvious but could not be expressed in an exact word of English. For example, 卡纳瓦罗为了获得赔偿金,目前看起来是在摆烂。It may mean that guy tries to get his compensation to act even like a dirty man (he ...
2 votes
5 answers
676 views

How to literally translate the 由人类艺术家挥笔 in 志愿者普遍更喜欢的作品都是由人类艺术家挥笔完成的?

也许有人认为,在这种情况下根本不可能分辨出来。然而在每一次测试中,志愿者普遍更喜欢的作品都是由人类艺术家挥笔完成的。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 18. How to literally translate this part: 由人类艺术家挥笔? I have reached at this point: 志愿者(...
2 votes
2 answers
47 views

What is the meaning of 拉 in 在下面一拉篮筐就能把球弹出来?

有一位工程师甚至专门制造出一种机器,在下面一拉篮筐就能把球弹出来。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 13. What is the meaning of 拉? In dictionaries there are many meanings, such as to pull, to drag, to play, to ...
2 votes
3 answers
113 views

What is the meaning of 封闭式 in 四合院内便形成一个封闭式的小环境?

只要关闭起大门,四合院内便形成一个封闭式的小环境。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 14. What is the meaning of 封闭式? I understand that 封闭 means "closed" and 式 means "style/type", yet ...
3 votes
10 answers
735 views

What does 着急 mean in 我们不能太着急 in the context of exam-oriented education (应试教育) versus all-round education (素质教育)?

This text is talking about 应试教育 versus 素质教育。In this sentence the last phrase is a bit unclear. 应该说已经推动了应试教育向素质教育的转变,但是这个转变非常艰难,是一个痛苦的漫长的过程,我们不能太着急。 Dictionaries say ‘着急’ means 'worry, feel anxious'...
2 votes
6 answers
172 views

How would I translate "与君知"

Google translate his been giving me straight pinyin as a translation, and pleco doesn't have what I'm looking for. I got the definitions of each individual character, but I'm not sure how to put them ...
3 votes
2 answers
102 views

Please help me change these sentences using 不止

I'm not sure if what I changed below was correct or not. 我看陳太太那麼老,恐怕不會只有70歲吧? -> 我看陳太太那麼老,恐怕不止70歲吧? 愛闖紅燈的,並不是只有騎摩托車的,開車的也一樣。 -> 愛闖紅燈的,不止是騎摩托車的,開車的也一樣。 王小姐家不但她能幹,她兩個姐姐也是女強人。 -> 王小姐家不止她能幹,...
2 votes
2 answers
175 views

What is the meaning of 之手 in 每组中一幅出自著名抽象艺术家之手?

志愿者的任务很简单,每个人会看到两两一组出现的一些图画,每组中一幅出自著名抽象艺术家之手,另一幅是业余爱好者、婴儿、黑猩猩或者大象的涂鸦。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 18. What is the meaning of 之手? His hand? 之 has many meanings, while 手 I ...
2 votes
5 answers
116 views

What is the difference between 我 and 我们 as "we"?

几年后,赵奢去世了。这一年正好秦国军队来打赵国,赵国派老将廉颇带20万大军迎战。廉颇根据敌强我弱的形势,命令士兵们坚守阵地,绝对不可主动出战。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 15. Baidu and Google say that here 我 means we and indeed according to ...
1 vote
3 answers
101 views

Why does 如 (a women obeying spoken orders) mean "if", "as if", "supposing"?

https://www.dong-chinese.com/wiki/%E5%A6%82 Depicts a woman (女) obeying spoken (口) orders. Based on the original meaning "obey". The meaning later shifted to "be similar" and &...
2 votes
4 answers
154 views

What is the meaning of 两两一组出现 in 每个人会看到两两一组出现的一些图画?

研究者设计了一个有趣的实验。志愿者的任务很简单,每个人会看到两两一组出现的一些图画,每组中一幅出自著名抽象艺术家之手,... This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 18. I don't understand the meaning of 两两一组出现。 This is my literal translation: 每个人(...
2 votes
6 answers
611 views

What is the meaning of 会 in 我在工作中常常会运用“峰终定律”?

作为电视节目主持人,我在工作中常常会运用“峰终定律”。例如,做节目时,与开幕式相比,我们宁可把更多的精力集中在闭幕式上,这样可以加强观众对节目的印象。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 17. What is the meaning of 会? Baidu translate: As a TV presenter, I ...
3 votes
2 answers
241 views

What is the meaning of 把更多的精力 in 我们宁可把更多的精力集中在闭幕式上?

作为电视节目主持人,我在工作中常常会运用“峰终定律”。例如,做节目时,与开幕式相比,我们宁可把更多的精力集中在闭幕式上,这样可以加强观众对节目的印象。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 17. What is the meaning of 把更多的精力? Baidu translate: As a TV presenter,...
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the meaning of 死 in 死搬兵书上的理论?

公元前260年,赵括带兵出战。一直盲目自信、轻视秦军的他完全改变了廉颇的作战方案,死搬兵书上的理论,主动进攻秦军,结果数十万赵军全部被杀,丢掉了宝贵的生命。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 15. What is the meaning of 死? Baidu and Google literally translate ...
9 votes
11 answers
3k views

What does 非也 mean?

What does 非也 mean? I heard the following: Is this XXX? 非也! It's YYY! Does it mean "Oh my god!" or something others?
2 votes
3 answers
67 views

What is the meaning of 正好 in 这一年正好秦国军队来打赵国?

几年后,赵奢去世了。这一年正好秦国军队来打赵国,赵国派老将廉颇带20万大军迎战。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 15. What is the meaning of 正好? Wiktionary says that it means "by chance". Something like ...
2 votes
3 answers
68 views

What is the difference between 困扰 and 问题 in 困扰人们很长时间的取球问题就这样被一个小孩子解决了?

你瞧,困扰人们很长时间的取球问题就这样被一个小孩子解决了。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 13. What is the difference between 困扰 and 问题? Why are they both needed here? Is 这样 referred to 困扰 or 问题? Isn't ...
1 vote
3 answers
82 views

What does 一般 mean?

'一般' 的意思? 初学者的问题 我查了字典这个词的意思,但我不明白 这个词 经常看到 我想知道意思 一般来说 i guess in English nuances is close to generally rule of thumb broadly speaking p.s. I am quarter British so idk wide knowledge of hanzi
2 votes
3 answers
30 views

What is the meaning of 去换回 in 他派赵括去换回廉颇?

这时,赵王正因廉颇闭门不战而生气呢,听到外面的那些谣言,果然上当了,他派赵括去换回廉颇。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 15. What is the meaning of 去换回? I know that 去回 means to return or to go back and 换 to change or to ...
1 vote
2 answers
125 views

Is 摆有 one word or two? If two, what's their grammatical relationship?

桌上摆有一卷书 (source: example sentence in a publicly available flashcard deck - no other context provided). None of the 40+ dictionaries I consulted carry this lemma, and google offers precious little too....
1 vote
2 answers
27 views

What is the meaning of 结束退场时 in 却常常忽视结束退场时的准备?

比如说为了一场戏剧演出,我们会投入很多时间,准备服装、化妆、道具、舞台美术,以创造良好的效果,争取给观众留下一个好的印象,却常常忽视结束退场时的准备。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5 section 17. What is the meaning of 结束退场时? end leaving the theater time? Why do ...
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

What is the meaning of 僝头?

I don't normally read about linguistics. Now I know why! 汉语里甚至有动词性主语加名词性谓语的句子,例如: 逃,僝头。(no more context, just this) Maybe: Flee, you poor bastards! 僝头是什么意思呢? I find 僝僽: 1.憔悴;烦恼。haggard 2.折磨。worried ...
2 votes
5 answers
54 views

What is the literal translation of this sentence: 渐渐地,秦军无法快速取得胜利?

这个办法果然非常有效,成功地把秦军拦在了国门之外。渐渐地,秦军无法快速取得胜利,粮食也快没了,有些坚持不住了。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5 section 15. How can 渐渐地 and 快速 be combined in the same sentence? 渐渐地(gradually),秦军(Qin army)无法(...
2 votes
3 answers
126 views

What is the meaning for the 炮 in 娘炮?

I know what the word as a whole means but just wondering if anyone know something about perhaps the etymology and/or meaning or the like of the 炮 part in the word 娘炮, i.e. why use the character 炮 here ...
3 votes
2 answers
664 views

What is the literal translation of this sentence: 一位球员连忙找来一把锯子把篮筐的底锯掉?

“何必这么麻烦呢?把篮筐的底去掉不就行了吗?”多亏了他这句话,人们如梦初醒,一位球员连忙找来一把锯子把篮筐的底锯掉。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 13. Please help me understand the literal translation of this sentence: ...
-1 votes
2 answers
147 views

Why 海 (ocean, sea) in 腦海 (mind)?

How is 海 related to 腦? Why does compounding sea/ocean (海) to brain (腦) mean mind (腦海)?
4 votes
3 answers
288 views

What is the glyph origin of 乍 ( the radical in 怎 )?

My research has indicated 乍 is related to soil and farming, but I have seen other sources claim it's a collar of a robe. The meaning in English is "suddenly" - I assume this to be a phonetic ...
2 votes
3 answers
549 views

What is the meaning of 旁边经过 in 一个上幼儿园的小男孩跟着父亲从一群正在进行篮球比赛的人旁边经过?

几年后的一天,一个上幼儿园的小男孩跟着父亲从一群正在进行篮球比赛的人旁边经过。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 13. What is the meaning of 旁边经过? This is my literal translation: 几年(a few years)后(later)的一天(a day),一个(one)...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

What is the difference between 跟, 跟着 and 跟着着?

What is the difference between 跟着 and 跟? All dictionaries say that both can mean the verb "to follow". If I want to use the 着 as a "particle indicating the continuation of an action or ...
2 votes
2 answers
39 views

What is the meaning of 事情的经过 in 而事情的经过对记忆几乎没有影响?

我们对事物的记忆仅在高峰和结尾,而事情的经过对记忆几乎没有影响。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 17. What is the meaning of 事情的经过? I am at this point: 而(and)事情的经过(?)对(towards)记忆(memory)几乎(almost)没有(not have)影响(...
2 votes
3 answers
67 views

What is the meaning of 来说更是如此 in 特别是对于那些体重减轻者和体重保持者来说更是如此?

这项联合多所医学院校所做的研究发现,除了个别人以外,多数人体重的增加会从周六开始,而体重减轻则会从周二开始,特别是对于那些体重减轻者和体重保持者来说更是如此。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 16. What is the meaning of 来说更是如此? After searching dictionaries, ...
1 vote
2 answers
43 views

What is the meaning of 从中 in 有人却从中感受到对自由?

抽象派画家的作品中经常见到好像随便洒上颜料而形成的画作,在有人看来极其神秘甚至丑陋,有人却从中感受到对自由、对生命的赞美。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 18. What is the meaning of 从中? According to dictionaries, 从中 is an adverb meaning &...
1 vote
4 answers
46 views

What is the meaning of 出来 in 在下面一拉篮筐就能把球弹出来?

有一位工程师甚至专门制造出一种机器,在下面一拉篮筐就能把球弹出来。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 13. What is the meaning of 出来? To get out? Maybe a 取 is omitted? Something like 取出来? Or what? Maybe all ...
2 votes
1 answer
80 views

What is the meaning of 大家纷纷 in 大家纷纷出主意?

这样的行为必须一再地重复,为此,比赛不得不断断续续地进行,缺少了激烈紧张的气氛,连运动员都不满意,更何况看比赛的球迷呢?为了解决这个问题,大家纷纷出主意,想出了很多取球的办法。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 13. What is the meaning of 大家纷纷? Everyone in great ...
1 vote
2 answers
234 views

What is the meaning of 踩 in 就得有一个人踩着梯子上去把球取出来?

不过,由于栏杆上固定的是真正的筐,每当球投进时,就得有一个人踩着梯子上去把球取出来。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 13. What is the meaning of 踩? Something like: 就得有一个人踩着梯子上去 = should exist a person stepping up to go ...
-1 votes
2 answers
90 views

Why does 鬱 mean lush as well as gloomy, moody and melancholic?

Originally 鬱 meant (茂盛) lush, luxuriant, and "densely overgrown". But then how did it mean "anxious; depressed; grieved; [...] melancholic; moody"? Lush trees and nature therapy ...
2 votes
2 answers
39 views

What is the difference between 过 and 度 in their meanings "to spend/pass (time)"?

Is there a general difference between the two? There are two examples I have found: 度假 Is this interchangeable with 过假? And the second 这个假期你打算怎么过? Can this be exchanged with "...怎么度"? If ...
1 vote
1 answer
176 views

What is the meaning of 杂院?

但也有多户合住一座四合院的情况,被称为“大杂院”,住户多为普通劳动人民。 I found this in the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 14. What is the meaning of 杂院? According to dictionaries (character by character), it means "mixed ...
1 vote
1 answer
179 views

What is the meaning of 合 in 但也有多户合住一座四合院的情况?

但也有多户合住一座四合院的情况,被称为“大杂院”,住户多为普通劳动人民。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 14. What is the meaning of 合 (...户合住...)?My feeling is "together". Do you agree? Or it means ...
2 votes
2 answers
75 views

What is the meaning of 在经营销售上?

在经营销售上,微信针对不同的国家和地区,推出了不同的广告片,邀请当地明星和名人代言,收效相当不错。 This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, chapter 12. What is the meaning of 在经营销售上? At the moment I am here: 在经营销售上 = 在[经营销售]上 = in managing / ...
5 votes
1 answer
323 views

Why it's called 勾芡?

I understand the meaning of "勾芡", but I was not able to find the origin of this term. I am trying to learn why when "勾" and "芡" combine together, they mean velveting. ...
1 vote
2 answers
50 views

What is the meaning of 多所 in 这项联合多所医学院校所做的研究发现?

这项联合多所医学院校所做的研究发现,除了个别人以外,多数人体重的增加会从周六开始,... This is from the Standard Course Book of HSK5, section 16. What is the meaning of 多所?
0 votes
3 answers
212 views

Why does 慢 mean "supercilious; rude"?

I have lived in China and Taiwan for at least 20 years. I have always known that 慢 means "slow". But I never knew until today — and could never have guessed that — 慢 also means "...
-5 votes
1 answer
111 views

Why does 舉 mean "whole, entire"?

I see that 舉's 意義 means "elevate with the hands". But why does 舉 mean "act, deed; move"? And "whole, entire"? I am even more befuddled, because all 3 詞類 differ! See below....
-1 votes
1 answer
78 views

How does 止 work in 舉止?

舉止 means "behaviour". But 舉止 feels like a contronym, because 止 means "to stop". What is 止 doing in 舉止? What's the role of 止? How does 止 relate to "behaviour"?

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