Questions tagged [measure-word]

For questions about measure words and classifiers (量詞 or 量词), e.g., 個/个, 雙/双, 張/张

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General-purpose 个 measure word instead of special measure word

The measure word 个 is often said to be the general-purpose measure word for nouns that the speaker doesn't know its measure-word. On the other hand, some nouns have well-established measure words. Let'...
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1 vote
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Why is the word 个 omitted before 国 in a question like 你是哪国人?

I've read in the Chinese Grammar Wiki, that if you want to express "which", you have to use the following sentence structure: Subj. + Verb + 哪个 (+ Noun) ? But in the book HSK Standard ...
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Why are measure words omitted after specifiers and before some verbs?

这(个)是我的,this is mine: Before 是,normally I would omit 个 这没有道理, this doesn't make sense: Before 有 I would find 个 strange. Although maybe that is because 有道理 is an abstract concept. If I was talking ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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一 [份/个/项] 工作??? What is the difference?

Not sure if there is actually a difference, but I see the word 工作 used with different measure words and I've never got to the bottom of what the difference is. I recently saw 换一份工作, so I guess that is ...
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5 votes
5 answers
133 views

Optional measure words

I've seen many times that some nouns are used with and without measure words. Is it optional to use measure words with certain words? The most notable ones I have come across, 星期 下星期,下个星期 一星期,两个星期 ...
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2 votes
5 answers
241 views

The measure word for 本子: 一个本子 or 一本本子

The word 本子 means "notebook". So by analogy, it is deduced that the measure word for it, must be 本 just like 一本书 But in Chinese learning materials, I see this word coming with the measure ...
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1 vote
1 answer
59 views

Using 二 before measure words instead of 两

We often read in grammar books, that before measure words one should not use 二. Instead, we should say 两 Hence, 二本书 would be incorrect. One should say 两本书. But I have come across two cases in genuine ...
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0 votes
3 answers
154 views

Is 多少个人 incorrect?

I was studying Chinese grammar from a textbook. Somewhere in the book, it explains the difference between 几 and 多少. The book says that 几 needs a classifier. But using a classifier with 多少 is optional. ...
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3 votes
3 answers
174 views

Can 道 be used as a measure word for 笑脸 like "一道笑脸“

I was listening to 曾经的那个人 by 梦然. You can check out the song here. https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E6%9B%BE%E7%BB%8F%E7%9A%84%E9%82%A3%E4%B8%AA%E4%BA%BA/21270421 Or here: https://drive.google.com/file/d/...
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0 votes
2 answers
63 views

Flexibility of Chinese measure words

I know every classifier in Chinese has its own usage and place. For example 头(tou2) is for domesticated animals, and should not be used for a "refrigerator". What has become a question for ...
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A proper measure word for dishes of multiple culinary categories

When I've learned about measure words 盘 (plate) and 碗 (bowl), I've started to wonder about an important aspect of their usage. There are some dishes that can be served both as either 第一道菜 (first ...
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2 answers
56 views

When to use classifier

Is this sentence grammatically correct? 我吃个苹果。 Or it should be either, 我吃苹果 Or, 我吃一个苹果 Is it correct to use classifiers without any number and demonstratives?
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1 vote
3 answers
54 views

Finding appropriate classifier

"www.mdbg.net" mentions classifiers for almost all Chinese nouns. But there have been some cases where it doesn't suggest any classifiers. Examples are: 电阻器:resistor 电容器:capacitor 计算器:...
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Classifier after classifier

We know that the classifier for 瓶(píng):bottle is 个. 一个瓶:a bottle On the other hand, the word 瓶(píng):bottle itself, can be a classsifer for liquids like water. So if we want to say "a bottle of ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Singular and Plural implied by classifier

I have always seen, when referring to plural nouns, the word 些 is used after demonstrative pronouns (这,那). For example, 这些书:these books. Does it mean that if we say 这本书, it can only have singular ...
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Are there other examples of 一辆车 ("a car") vs. 车辆 ("vehicle") and 一匹马 ("a horse") vs. 马匹 ("horse")?

一辆车 (a car) vs. 车辆 (vehicle) 一匹马 (a horse) vs. 马匹 (horse) In these examples, we take 车 and 马 and append their measure words to form new words: 车辆 and 马匹, respectively. I'm wondering if there are ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Adjective before classifier

I was reading a short story on Du Chinese and came across this phrase 一大亩瓜田。 The app described 亩 as a classifier for fields. I haven't learned yet of the adjective coming before the classifier. Is ...
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1 answer
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“几只苹果?” or "多少苹果?"

Tatoeba contains 2 sententes with the same translations: 几只苹果? 多少苹果? Is there difference between these sentences? What measure words can be used with 苹果?
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1 vote
1 answer
283 views

What are the HSK3.0 measure words?

Question: What are the HSK3.0 measure words? I went through the book 汉语国际教育用词语声调组合及轻重音格式实用手册 by 刘英林 [ed.] (considered the likely candidate for the upcoming HSK3.0 vocabulary) and inspected what was ...
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11 votes
5 answers
1k views

What's the difference between classifiers and measure words?

The terms classifier and measure word are often used interchangeably, with the latter being (reportedly) more common in language courses. They both translate to 量词 (literally "measure word") ...
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1 answer
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Purpose of the reduplication in 一步一步地往上爬

(A)别着急,一步一步地往上爬,爬不动的时候就休息一会儿。 (B)我请田芳一句一句地给我纠正。 I learned about the reduplication of Measure words (e.g:个个,天天 ) but these sentences use a different structure. (1)What is the purpose of this ...
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Why is 条 the measure word being used in 那条街名是以一个将军的名字命名的

I know that the measure word for 街 is 条, but in this sentence the subject being identified is 街名, a word for "street name". My understanding is that a "name" has measure word 个: ...
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2 answers
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Expressing existence with 有: Are measure words compulsory?

I learn a new structure with 有. Place + 有 + Object I wonder if measure words are compulsory. I see everyone says: 我家有很多花。以前有一座桥。那个商店没有面包。 But nobody says: 我家有花。以前有桥。 So, are measure words ...
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  • 821
4 votes
2 answers
255 views

Use of 成 / 乘 number quantifiers in Cantonese

I learned in Cantonese class that adding 成 to a Number can imply a degree of something. For example, 七成 means 70%. I explored further and it seems that it can be used to describe the rarity of your ...
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1 answer
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一张网页 or 一个网页 ("a webpage"): which is the better choice of measure word, and why?

I just want to say "a webpage", and the two natural options are 一个网页 一张网页 It's not hard to find examples of both: 访问一个网页的全过程[src] 我的第一张网页范例[src] It seems natural to use the measure ...
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2 votes
3 answers
361 views

Nouns that don't require a measure word

Some of the time nouns don't require measure words. 三年,四周,五天,六秒,七日 ... Are there any more nouns (time nouns or otherwise) that don't require a MW ? Is there a comprehensive list somewhere ?
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1 vote
1 answer
51 views

Using measure words for "one [thing]"

I came across this sentence: 一人说一句。 Yī rén shuō yī jù. Each person say one sentence. There are no measure words after either of the 一's. Is it a rule that you don't have to use measure words for ...
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3 votes
2 answers
575 views

是个[adj + noun] vs 是[adj + noun]

A flashcard asked me to translate "Beijing is a big place". I proposed "北京是大地方“ and the answer was "北京是个大地方" (namely I omitted the 个). 1) Is my answer grammatically correct? I thought that, unlike ...
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  • 441
2 votes
6 answers
106 views

What measure word should I use when I have two nouns with different measure words?

If someone asks me: 你在动物园看了几(___)老虎和马呀? Choose the correct answer: a) 个 b) 只 c) 匹 d) other ______ e) all of the above f) none of the above g) screw Chinese, I'm going to study Klingon Thanx!
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0 votes
2 answers
188 views

What's the difference between 一份工作 and 一家工作?

I just encountered in the HSK4 book 一份工作 while I'm accustomed to 一家工作. Judging from Baidu (一份工作; 一家工作), both are grammatically correct and widely used. I am unsure if they're different or not. My ...
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4 votes
2 answers
147 views

What does 回 do in 这回事?

I have come across quite a few instance of 这回事(儿) instead of 这件事. Is there is a real difference between the two, or is it just a syntactical preference of the speaker?
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2 votes
2 answers
152 views

Is 身 commonly used as a measure word?

My Wenlin dictionary describes 身 as also a measure word for "suits of clothing". Is it commonly used by Chinese speakers?
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1 vote
3 answers
161 views

Is it OK to use 子 as a measure word

my Wenlin dictionary describes 子 as also a measure word for bundles/hanks etc. Can anyone confirm this ? by sample sentence ?
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0 votes
1 answer
68 views

Why is there repetition of the measure words in 一把把小扇子 and 一枚枚邮票? [duplicate]

This is from my 3-rd grade Chinese 语文 book (transcript is here): 秋天的雨,有一盒五彩缤纷的颜料。你看,它把黄色给了银杏树,黄黄的叶子像一把把小扇子,扇哪扇哪,扇走了夏天的炎热。它把红色给了枫树,红红的枫叶像一枚枚邮票,飘哇飘哇,邮来了秋天的凉爽。金黄色是给田野的,看,田野像金色的海洋。橙红色是给果树的,橘子、柿子你挤我碰,...
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3 votes
5 answers
412 views

What does 家 mean in 家医院?

I came across 家医院 in example sentences in an anki deck I downloaded. I know that 医院 means hospital. I tried to look up 家医院 in two dictionaries but could not find it. What is 家医院? Is it equivalent ...
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

How does 一个, 一位,一名 change the meaning of a sentence?

I saw two versions of a sentence "He is a teacher": 他是老师。 VS 他是一个老师。 After googling I've become even more confused by versions: 他是一位老师。 AND 他是一名老师。 Are they actually different? What is the ...
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5 votes
3 answers
337 views

Differences between 条 and 根

Both of these two words 条 and 根 in the dictionary are said to be measure words for long and thin objects. What are the differences between them?
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1 vote
2 answers
211 views

How to say "this" in "This is my third time in Taiwan"?

Several times I've told people that I'm Taiwan for the third time and everybody understood me just fine, but I'm not sure I'm saying it right. 這個是我的三次在臺灣 I know 次 is the word for "time" in this ...
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10 votes
1 answer
345 views

Why is a measure word not required in 一年有三百六十五天?

Consider the following two sentences: A year has twelve months 一年有十二個月 yī nián yǒu shí’èr gè yuè A year has three hundred and sixty-five days 一年有三百六十五天 yī nián yǒu sānbǎi liùshíwǔ tiān Why is the ...
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3 votes
2 answers
441 views

Difference between 一顿饭 and 一碗饭

The measure word of 饭 is 顿 and 碗. But what is the difference between the two and how should I classify them? At first I thought 一碗饭 means a plate of food, for example if you have rice and chicken, ...
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7 votes
1 answer
250 views

Why is 挺 used as measure word for machine guns?

I recently noticed that the word 挺 (which I know mainly as an intensifier) also is the measure word for 機槍, machine guns. Now machine guns are a fairly recent invention, so I am wondering: Is it known ...
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  • 173
3 votes
2 answers
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How many supplies did Liu Bei have at Dangyang?

I was attempting to translate this passage from the Records of the Three Kingdoms: 比到當陽,衆十餘萬,輜重數千兩,日行十餘里,別遣關羽乘船數百艘,使會江陵。 The background of this is: Cao Cao had invaded Jingzhou, Liu Bei was ...
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2 votes
4 answers
215 views

Use 個 if the correct measure word is unknown

How bad does it sound if I use 個 for everything if most measure words are just still unknown to me, or I don't want to end up using a wrong one?
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  • 219
3 votes
4 answers
133 views

The use of 地 after multiple, related nouns (e.g. “鸡”,“猫”,“狗”地)

In the following sentence: 秀春决定自己教他。丈夫好像明白了秀春的意思,跟着她“鸡”,“猫”,“狗”地念起来。 It seems that in this sentence, the meaning is something like the following, and it uses 地 coupled with animal nouns. ...
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0 votes
2 answers
103 views

Why does 一幅幅图画, not 一幅图画? [duplicate]

In the following sentence: 于是,每天晚上,秀春都拉着丈夫坐在灯下,指着识字课本的一幅幅图画问丈夫。 It means: Therefore, on every night Xiuchun lets her husband sit under the light, points to the literacy book's 一幅幅图画 to ask him ...
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9 votes
4 answers
3k views

How to correctly use "多" to say "more than"?

I know a similar question has already been answered but I still have a lot of doubts. To my understanding if a number is ≤9, you need to put "多" after the measure word (or after the name if it doesn'...
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4 votes
4 answers
617 views

Is 个 acceptable for all nouns? [duplicate]

My Chinese teacher says she doesn't care. But for future reference, is 个 acceptable as a measure word for all nouns?
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4 votes
5 answers
296 views

Why did my teacher mark down 一把 as a classifier for 手機?

My teacher detracted a few points for using 一把手機。It seems that 一台,一部, 一個 are better choices. However, I find many occurrences of 一把手機 Google search Is it a dialectal phenomenon? Maybe in dialects ...
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0 votes
3 answers
151 views

How does the grammar of 拿把伞 work?

This sentence is taken from lesson 2 of HSK3 and apparently it means "get an umbrella". The full sentence is 我下楼去给你拿把伞 which should mean "I will go downstairs to get you an umbrella". My IME is ...
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  • 251
1 vote
2 answers
380 views

In what cases should I use 条 for 猫?

I learned that the measure word for 猫 is 只. However, my friend said 条 is the correct measure word for 猫. The conversation with the friend is the following: X: 你有养猫吗? I: 哈哈 这只不是我的,我韩国旅游时的我的房东的。 X: ...
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