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Questions tagged [old-chinese]

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1
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1answer
87 views

How come 将 is a “future marker” and a “passive marker”?

Any good logical theories on the subject? What twisted life must have 将 took to merge such functions into one glyph? For my background 将 as 把(to take) and 将 as 且(further) are queit different in ...
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2answers
100 views

Is there an Old Chinese dictionary which shows clearly the usage of a word?

类似于OALD等英语学习者词典,我希望这本词典能在含义之外详细说明词的用法,以使得读者看完后能够用所查的词写出正确的古汉语句子。 以“语”字为例,我希望这本词典至少能够说明这个字(作“告诉”讲时)如何接续表示“告诉”的对象,如何接续表示“告诉”的内容,并给出相应例句。 词典本身是用任何语言编纂的都可以。
1
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1answer
142 views

请教一下『还』字(huan2、hai2 两者)的语源

『还』字的这两个读音,韵母不一样,实际意思差别也挺大的。 当它读作huan2是指『回归』之意,可以译作『return』,是个动词; 但是若以hai2音来翻译,应当是代表了一种『当下并没有,但以后可能会这样』的状态,译作『still/yet』等副词。 我私下里就想,这俩意思之间有着千差万别,从上古汉语追溯下来,应该不是同源的吧? 然后我就去网上搜了一圈,在《说文》和《康熙字典》...
3
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2answers
201 views

Is Cantonese a better choice in studying classic of poetry (詩經)?

Again, I ask this question, and provide my opinion as an answer, to reply to the comment of another thread in Stack Exchange: Pronunciation of Tang Dynasty Poetry Now, I ask again: in studying ...
3
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1answer
229 views

Can anyone tell me what this means please? I think it is a proverb

A friend left me this at work, I think it is a proverb but Google gave me different translations each time which confused me as none of it made sense.
3
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3answers
185 views

Where can I find recordings of old Chinese pronunciation?

Old Chinese phonology and Reconstructions of Old Chinese seem to be two things that keep cropping up every now and again. Baxter–Sagart seems to be the big one these days. Are there any recordings ...
6
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6answers
481 views

A unified theory of 就 meaning

就 always bothered me. I couldn't (and maybe still can't) get a hold of its meaning. By looking at many examples of the usage I came to realization that 就 marks a process of becoming a subject to or ...
0
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1answer
60 views

What's the meaning of 登假 in old daoist scriptures like Zhuang Zi?

In the old daoist text Zhuang Zi, we see 登假 at least twice in the Inner Chapters (5.1 and 6.2). In the first part, it gives the meaning of departure and "going up" (to isolation in the mountains? To ...
5
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3answers
867 views

How to type these old and rare Chinese characters?

I've tried to google these old Chinese characters using their closest approximations but still haven't found out any. I want to find these characters so that I can copy and paste them instead of ...
2
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1answer
115 views

How is 古代汉语 defined?

According to Hanyu Wailaici Cidian (Dictionary of Chinese Loanwords), bóshì (博士) with the modern sense "doctor" is derived from the Japanese hakushi, which in turn is of "Ancient Chinese" (古代汉语) ...
4
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2answers
117 views

What's the difference between 圣人 and 神人 in ancient daoism?

In ancient daoism, we see both 圣人 and 神人. The first appears frequently in Dao De Jing, being translated as sage, saint, wise or sensible person. The second appears in Zhuangzi (4.6), being ...
0
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3answers
91 views

What is the oldest retracable meaning for the character/word 臾?

臾 (yu2) in classical Chinese means "for a while". I assume "for a while" was not the original meaning this character was associated with in the time when it came, by what mysterious brain activity ...
2
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3answers
554 views

Old Mandarin vs. Mandarin Chinese?

How intelligible is Old Mandarin to the speakers of Mandarin Chinese? If an Old Mandarin Chinese speaker heard a Mandarin Chinese speaker or vice versa, how fluent would the communication be?
6
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3answers
890 views

What is the ancient Chinese one-character name for woman like '子’ means man?

青青子衿,悠悠我心。但为君故,沉吟至今 Here: 子,对对方的尊称 子 implicitly implies the poem is addressing a man. The poem talks about how a lady misses a man. I just wonder if there is a corresponding word for Chinese. (i.e. ...
7
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2answers
167 views

What happened to the Old Chinese coda -p of 拉 in Cantonese?

Baxter's Middle Chinese reconstruction has 拉 as *lop, which surprised me given that the Cantonese reflex is laai1. Other characters with the rime -op such as 合, 答 and 雜 end up with the rime -ap or -...
13
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3answers
2k views

Did ancient Chinese have tones (声调)?

This question has puzzled me since I have no training in ancient Chinese and ancient phonetics. What is puzzling me are the following facts: The tones in different regions are quite different. If ...