Questions tagged [particles]

A tag for discussing the nuances of particles. Including 的, 了, 吗, 过, 吧, 个, 着, etc.

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3
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2answers
182 views

Confused by 的 and 地 in 掉的那么地刺耳

I'm perplexed by the line 掉的那么地刺耳 of the song 过不去. Doesn't the 的 demand a noun to go after it? Is the 刺耳 a verb or a noun? And what's the meaning of the entire line? My highly insecure guess would be "...
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3answers
59 views

了 particle usage

I've been taught that 了 particle is not used in a negative sentence, but I'm confused with this one. “我以前很忙,但是现在不忙了。” Is this right? I would say this. 我以前很忙,但是现在有空了。 Help please
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3answers
57 views

Existential sentences that used to be but are no longer

I'm trying to construct a sentence along the lines of, "There were two hard parts...," where I use the existential 有. The issue I'm having is how I convey the meaning that this 'existence' is confined ...
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1answer
62 views

地 in this sentence

I just read about all the three "de" in Chinese (的,得,地) here in this website : https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Structural_particle_%22de%22 In the 地's section, it's said that if ...
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2answers
69 views

What do 了 and 好 indicate in this sentence?

There's a line like this: 高个儿拍了拍脑袋,“你的意思是说,别人用了我们的赠品,觉得好,就自然会找我们买?” Why is there 了 in the 别人用了我们的赠品? Does this sentence indicate something about completion of an action or something in the past? ...
3
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1answer
81 views

Meaning of 的 and 之 when both are used in the same sentence

I’m reading a text in which 的 and 之 are sometimes used in the same sentence, in seemingly equivalent or exchangeable function and position. But I’m sure the author had good reasons to choose the ...
5
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1answer
879 views

Place of 了 particle for the past tense?

Ok, I saw explanation that: 我去了商店。(means: I have gone to the shop already) 我去商店了。(means: I am going to the shop now) So I expected to meet 了 for the past tense only right after the verb: 昨天我去了商店。 ...
4
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5answers
164 views

What's the role of 了 in this sentence: 你要是喜欢我就给你买了

Is it an aspect marker? Is it a specific grammatical construction with 就 or 要是? Is it there just for emphasis? I can't work it out...
3
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2answers
203 views

What is the difference between 收了 and 收到了?

What is the difference between 收了 and 收到了? 1. We say 我收了他的錢 2. But we don't say 我收了他的信, We say我收到他的信了 When do we use 收了 and 收到了?
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3answers
155 views

Are too many 的s for multiple adjectives a problem?

This is from my talk slides (which I'm revising): 每一个PLR(r,s,n;m)是具有m个顶点的n着色的Kr□Ks的诱导子图,例如:... (I have some students here helping me debug this.) I'm concerned about the three 的s being ...
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1answer
275 views

What is the difference between these sentences? (过 vs 了) [duplicate]

What is the difference between: 你最近看过电视吗? 你最近看了电视吗? and 你最近去过杂货店吗? 你最近去了杂货店吗? And similarly, if I want to say "recently I went to my favourite cinema and found it's closed down" ...
2
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3answers
107 views

吧 with the passive voice

I'm curious if it's grammatically correct to make suggestions with passive verbs. Like "Let's get killed". All I can think of is a suggestion with the causative verb "让我死吧".
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5answers
529 views

How should I use 哟?

Here is the conversation with my Chinese friend: I: I passed the application! She: 你申请过啦 She: 恭喜哟 According to Pleco: 哟 [at the end of an imperative sentence] [as a syllable ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Is it OK to use the word 了 on 很 + adjective phrase, to emphasize?

The typical 很 + adjective phrase example is: 俄罗斯女人很漂亮。 In these sentences, is it OK to add 了 to the end of the sentence, to emphasize the adjective? 俄罗斯女人很漂亮了。 I understand that if you like to ...
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2answers
51 views

Can 奉 be attached to verbs I want to use?

When 奉 is used as the sense of "politely", as the words 奉托, 奉告, which are usually used, can I attach 奉 to every verb that influences the other person? For example, what about 奉给 or 奉按摩?
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2answers
77 views

In Taiwanese, what can the erhwa be replaced with when it means something?

For example, in Chinese, the erhwa changes a verb into a noun : 吃儿 (something to eat), 喝儿 (something to drink). In Taiwanese, except for disyllabic words like 饮食 and 食物, how can I express something ...
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2answers
87 views

Difference of 了 and 過's usage

What among these sentences are correct, acceptable, or wrong? The marks in the parentheses are my intuition. (1)我看這本小說了。(?) (2)我看了這本小說。(✓) (3)我看這本小說過。(✘) (4)我看過這本小說。(✓) (5)我看了這本小說過。(✘) (6)...
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3answers
177 views

Does “太 + adjectival verb + 了” mean the change?

I just learned that if you end the sentence with adjectival verb + 了, it means indicating a change. For example, 你高了。 This means "You got taller.", which is different from 你很高, which just means "...
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3answers
136 views

Why must 到 be chosen in the following sentence?

I just took an EasyMandarin test, and one of the questions is: 飞机票买得___吗? The possible candidates to fill in the blank is: 了,去,过,and 到. I picked up 了 but the correct answer was 到. Now, according ...
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1answer
116 views

When do you need the 的 at the end of sentences?

I learned the following sentence. 你是从哪里听到这个消息的? Is it possible to omit 的 here? so is 你是从哪里听到这个消息? wrong? I know that the particle is used to signal ownership, but is it necessary to use it here? ...
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3answers
66 views

Structure and Interpretation of 走得到吗?

In a dialogue of a certain Chinese text, after being told the location of the nearest post office, a lost international student asks, "走得到吗?” While I've found the meaning online to be something ...
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2answers
111 views

Particle to express pride or accomplishment / 自豪感的助词

What is the way to emphasize personal pride or accomplishment in Chinese without sounding arrogant -- is there are a particle for this to put at the end of the sentence? For example: I just had a ...
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8answers
532 views

How exactly do time and “tense” work in Mandarin REALLY?

I am trying to figure out what the most proper way for one to say something simple like if someone asked, "How do you know that?" and then I say, "I read it in a book". Now what I'm wondering about is ...
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2answers
385 views

Why no 的 in this sentence?

I got a translation of “Are hospitals in your country good?” from a native speaker of Mandarin as: 你国家的医院好吗? Why there is no 的 after 你? It is after a pronoun for instance in such a sentence: ...
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3answers
99 views

Sentence with demonstrative without explicit subject - de required?

I am unable to understand, whether the sentences below require the particle de? Zhè ge hěn hào chī (literally "this piece of food delicious". I guess there is no "de" in the end, although it is an ...
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1answer
232 views

What is the meaning of “一把把” on "他更是一把把她的书包给枪了过去“?

I think that I understand the overall meaning of the sentence: He forcibly stole her bag and ran away. But I'm not sure about that part (一把把), neither its meaning nor its grammatical function (I'm not ...
3
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1answer
90 views

When 了 has the same verb before and after it, is it reduplication combined with 了1?

Some sentences that I have seen contain the pattern "verb + 了 + verb". An example of this is: "他們碰了碰杯子。" [1] Since in all examples that I have seen the verb before and after 了 is the same, I ...
4
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3answers
182 views

How to distinguish between 吧 and 嘛, 罢 and 嘛

At the end of a sentence in a conversation, how does one distinguish between 吧 and 嘛, 罢 and 嘛?
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2answers
189 views

Looking for a legit place for Classical Chinese grammar rules

Here is an example of my problem. I came across final particle 乎 in a classical text by 孟子. I know from a short description in a unreliable resource that it is similar to 呢, 吗 and 吧。 The thing is, I ...
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0answers
57 views

Usage of 我的太太 or 我太太 [duplicate]

When I want to say "my wife" - is it just "我太太" or is it "我的太太"? I've read both and wonder what the difference is, if there is any. Or are both used equally?
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2answers
223 views

了 as “perfect” aspect vs 了 as “actual” aspect theory

Couple of times in my research on Verb+了aspect, I've stumbled across really interesting nonstandard ideas about what this particle really means. Only one theory strikes some notes in my mind. Namely ...
5
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2answers
183 views

Proper use of 吧 in questions

I am trying to better understand the use of 吧 in a sentence where I am asking a question. For example, could the particle be used in the following way: 这是你的咖啡吧? My understanding is that the particle ...
6
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2answers
559 views

To 了 or not to 了

I'm Chinese learner and as everybody else I'm puzzled by the verbal aspect 了. My research into the subject gave such results: 了 belongs to a class of perfective aspect markers just as many other ...
2
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1answer
408 views

What is the difference between 穿 and 穿上?

I found the following sentence: 我正在穿上毛衣。 In this sentence, can you rephrase it as the following?: 我正在穿毛衣。 If you can rephrase it as such, is there any difference between 穿 and 穿上? I also ...
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2answers
150 views

他很慢地走: why there is 地 if the adjective is monosyllabic?

I can't use 地 after the adjective if the adjective is monosyllabic (so 他慢地走 isn't acceptable). Then why in this sentence is there 地 after a monosyllabic adjective? 他很慢地走 Is it because I can use 地 ...
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3answers
703 views

好久不见+了=OK or wrong? What does the “le” add?

"Long time no see" is 好久不见 in Mandarin. I would be inclined towards adding a 了 at the end. Would that be all right? And in that case, what does the 了 add?
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6answers
460 views

Is “之” usually used as a possessive pronoun (attributive) in Classical Chinese?

True or False Question: In classical Chinese, “之” is usually used as a possessive pronoun (attributive), “其” is usually used as a subject, and “彼” is usually used as an object. a. True b. ...
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3answers
403 views

When to omit the modifying 的?

他给她买来了一个戒指。 He gives her a ring that he bought. I assume that this sentence should need 的 before "a ring that he bought" to be modifying, as below. 他给她买来了'的'一个戒指。 So I think 的 is somewhat omitted. ...
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4answers
606 views

What’s the function of 還, 了, and 呢 in the sentence, “我還以為他不走了呢”?

After many attempts to understand how the sentence is grammatically structured, I think I'll just ask here. The sentence "我還以為他不走了呢" is from a children's book that was originally in English. I'm ...
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7answers
1k views

When to use “他的太太” and when “他太太”?

I've read the two different sentences, of which one uses "他的太太" and the other uses "他太太". How can I tell the difference between the two? For example, in the following sentence: 现在他想他的太太。 现在他想他太太。 ...
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3answers
311 views

Is there a “better” translation for “你我还没完呢”? Why is it “你我” without a possible “和”? And please can anyone confirm the function of “呢” in this one?

I was watching an American TV show with Chinese subtitles on. There was a scene where a character said, "You haven't seen the last of me, Ms.Ellison.", and the Chinese subtitle for it was,"你我还没完呢 ...
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2answers
848 views

啊,诶,喔,哦:compare and contrast

The characters in the title are, FWIK, all exclamatory sentence-final particles, though I'm not too sure about ei. So I was wondering what the difference was between the three. Is there a difference ...
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4answers
3k views

How does the particle word “呢” work?

My teacher said that a particle word in Chinese is a function word, but don't quite understand what is means. How does the particle word such as "呢" work? Also, are there any other Chinese particle ...
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3answers
431 views

What does 了 mean in this sentence?

Is it a verb? A past tense maker? Which is its function of 了 in this sentence? 曾在新西兰Berger king 做过汉堡,当过收银员。这份工作让我认识到了团队合作的重要 Thanks!!
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3answers
918 views

Do 之 and 的 come from the same word?

In modern Chinese 之 is thought of as the literary genitive particle and 的 as the colloquial. In most reconstructions of Old Chinese 之 looks very similar to the way 的 is pronounced now. For example in ...
3
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2answers
222 views

When should 之 be used as a particle?

When should 之 be used as a particle? There doesn't seem to be a straightforward answer on Nciku. On Wiktionary, the entry states: Indicates that the previous word has possession of the next one. In ...
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4answers
484 views

Is it possible to use 过 with specific time words?

This is somewhat similar to this question: When to use 了 and when to use 过 to express past actions or events. I understand that the 过 particle helps express the idea of having had the experience of ...
3
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4answers
304 views

Possessives in Chinese

I used Google Translate for these sentences but I'm not sure they are correct: Mom 's white dog 妈妈的白狗 My mom's white dog 我妈妈的白狗 And it is possible if I say Mom 's white dog 妈妈的白色的狗 My mom's ...
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7answers
587 views

Is 了 optional when a time word is present?

In sentences that already have a point in time word that indicates that the event happened in the past, is 了 optional? Or could there be some additional meaning with it present? For instance: ...
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3answers
830 views

How to properly use 掉?

I am referring to the usage as defined on zdic.net 用在动词后表示动作完成:改~。戒~ Does 掉 often have the connotation of falling or missing? What is the difference between (verb)掉 and (verb)了 and(verb)掉了? I've ...