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Questions tagged [preposition]

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3
votes
3answers
92 views

A city is located east/north/west/south of a country; what is the correct Chinese grammar for that?

For example: I want to say that Freiburg (in Germany) is located east of France. My sentence was this: 弗莱堡在法国的东边。 This is also how we did it in class. But I'm starting to worry this sounds like it's ...
0
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1answer
47 views

“以” in “敗義以求生, 豈荀巨伯所行邪”

Does "以" have the same meaning in the following sentences? 敗義以求生, 豈荀巨伯所行邪 志士仁人 無求生以害仁
9
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13answers
3k views

碗掉地下,Why not 地上?

Pleco has the example: 碗掉地下就碎了。 Why not 地上? I have been corrected many times for similar sentences, with the explanation that 地下 means „subterranean“?
0
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1answer
37 views

What does 的 mean in 表示对某人某事的亲近和关心?

In the following sentence which explains the usage of ~长~短 phrase: 中间嵌入两个相同的名词,表示对某人某事的亲近和关心。 I don't understand what the 的 here means. Does it refer to "of ~" but what should be after 的 is ...
0
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3answers
160 views

How does 在 function in 男女结合在一起?

In 男女结合在一起, how does the 在 work grammatically? I'm sure it does not mean "~ing", which should be before the 结婚 (and the meaning gets awkward then). The sentence should mean: A man and woman got ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

The grammatical construction of 比较有名的开始

In the following sentence (from http://www.xineurope.com/thread-1371549-1-1.html): 最近正在找语言学校,发现好多人也在找,正好把信息整理出来,欢迎补充 比较有名的开始 In the last sentence, the meaning is clear from the context, which ...
0
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4answers
200 views

What is the difference between 于 and 以 to express “a certain time” or “a fixed date”?

I learned that 以 can also function to mean "a certain time" or "a fixed date", for example: 我以三月一日返。 However, I also know that 于 can work in the same purpose, for example: 生于上海 来信于十五日收到。 ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Help translate these two sentences with 也未必 and 更何况

有时就连你的父亲也未必信得过,更何况是陌生人。 有时连陌生人你也可以相信,更何况是你的父亲。 The challenging parts for me are 也未必 and 连…更何况.
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Is it correct to say “在手机”?

Would it be correct to use the phrase "在手机”/“在手机上” etc. to express that I am doing something on my phone? For example, could I say 我听音乐在我的手机上。 Or can 在 only be used for my actual physical location?...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

In what contexts would I use 由?

I know that 由 means through/via or from but I'm not sure exactly what contexts to use this in. For example the dictionary has this example sentence: 运输问题由他们解决。 I understand this but I would have ...
3
votes
3answers
202 views

美国意大利黑帮 - Expressing location without 在?

Yesterday in class I was correcting the mistakes in my translation together with my teacher. He gave us an article about the mafia in America and the Lufthansa heist at John F. Kennedy International ...
8
votes
4answers
873 views

What is the purpose of the 中 in 在新标签页中打开?

So, I recently started using my android phone in simplified Chinese mode, to help myself internalize Chinese characters. In my browser window, when I press down on a URL, the "在新标签页中打开" button allows ...
3
votes
3answers
925 views

When to use 住在 and when to use just 住?

I have encountered the following sentences: 以前人们住这样的房子 现在人们住这样的房子 Why do these sentences NOT use 住在? I have learned that 住 takes 在 in order to take the location noun after that. Or maybe is ...
3
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6answers
138 views

上的 — How is it functioning in this sentence

In the following sentence, what does 上的 mean? 中国历史学上的夏、商、周属于考古学上的青铜时代。 I translated it as "Archaeologists know the Xia, Shang and Zhou collectively as the Bronze Age." I think I have the gist of ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 总是 and 一直?

I've always (no pun intended) wondered what the difference is between the two words. I thought they both meant always, but I've never quite grasped in what context they should be used. Could anyone ...
4
votes
2answers
231 views

How can I negate time and when to place 在 before time?

I know we can negate place, manner, etc. by just placing a 不 before the verbs (prepositions) that introduce the clauses. 我不在中国工作。 他不坐车去工作。 But how can I negate time, since it doesn't have a verb/...
1
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1answer
3k views

Take a picture of me/for me (which preposition better translates)?

As an experienced tourist in China, I know the sentence:你能不能给我(们)相的照吗? Although it gives the desired result-- someone taking a picture of me, for me, with my own camera-- I am not sure of the exact ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Can 去 be used as a 介词(Preposition)?

I don't think 去 in the example below is necessary since 走 already implies, "go", unless the 去 in used as a 介词(preposition). 去故宫(我)怎么走? How should I go to 故宫? I also do not think that that sentence ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

What is the order of different prepositional phrases?

Chinese Syntax is: S V O there are different prepositional phrases, for instance: p.p. that express a place, time, objective, mean ... How do i know the proper order of the different prepositional ...
3
votes
2answers
469 views

Differences Between Classes of *过 Verbs ( 通过, 经过, 透过, 穿过, etc. )

Original Question Although 通过 is the goto expression for passage through or across a space in informal, spoken Mandarin, there are specific alternatives used in more formal, spoken Mandarin as well ...
3
votes
2answers
255 views

The tricky prepositions. . . “in my garden”

I think prepositions are tricky in every language. The other day I was trying to figure out how to write correctly : In my garden there are many fruit-trees. The first sentence I thought of was: ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

Two terms for “According to” - What are the differences between 根据 and 按照?

根据 and 按照 can both function as a preposition that can be translated as according to. I imagine that the translation does not capture the individual character of each term. What nuances do the two ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to say things are different from one another

Lately I have been confused on how to say different in Mandarin. I learned 不同 and 不一样 but am not confident on their usage. I am also unsure of the grammar. I found 与众不同 but this seems to also have the ...
8
votes
5answers
691 views

When can 把 be used?

I know it switches the order of the verb and object and can be used to place emphasis on the object. 我把东西放在椅子上 And 把 should be used to indicate some kind of change is happening to the object. In ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

How to differentiate between “On Top” and “Above”

If I wanted to translate the prepositional phrase "on the bed" to Chinese, I know to say "床上", but I don't know what the translation would be for saying "above/over the bed". From what I can gather, ...
15
votes
5answers
644 views

Why isn't 到 (dào) used in this sentence?

Earlier while chatting, I wrote a sentence and a native speaker told me it was correct. The sentence was: 某天我去北京。= Someday I'll go to Beijing. (mǒu tiān wǒ qù Běi jīng) I noticed that no ...