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Questions on specific points regarding the ability to use the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in a spoken Chinese

2
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2answers
79 views

Is Siri good for practicing Chinese pronunciation?

Is Siri really that good for Chinese pronunciation? I mean, there will be nothing like a native speaker. For example, when I say "Ní haô" or "Wò qù", it still says the expected characters. If Siri ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Pronouncing Xué (学)

你好! I am currently learning Chinese but I've been struggling with perhaps a very easy sound to do. How do I pronounce Xué (学)? I know that with "x", it's "sh" with the tip of your tongue on your ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Mandarin: tongue placement when pronouncing ü words like 學 and 去 that begin with q, x, j?

Many Mandarin pronunciation guides suggest pronouncing the ü vowel with a tense tongue in mid-mouth as when pronouncing the "yi" sound. However, for words starting with q, j, x, many sites suggest ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Pronunciation/tones for hug (擁抱): yong1 bao4 or yong3 bao4?

CantoDict and yellowbridge say the pronunciation for 擁抱 is yong1 bao4. However, Google Translate and other pages say it's yong3 bao4. What's the right pronunciation?
3
votes
2answers
227 views

Can Chinese words start with a vowel?

I've been searching around for random words. Dragon = long, green = lǜsè, river = he... I can't seem to find any words that start with a vowel. Do any Chinese words start with a vowel?
4
votes
2answers
161 views

When/where is cancer [癌] pronunced yán?

MDBG's definition of 癌 says: cancer / carcinoma / also pr. [yan2] MoE put their main pronunciation of 癌 as: yán Which might make it look like a TW thing but 兩岸's entry just reads: ái When ...
4
votes
3answers
102 views

How many homophones for “shi” are there in Chinese - with or without considering tones?

I'm curious as to how many Chinese characters correspond to the pinyin "shi", such as 是 时 十 事 史 and so on. Is there an exact number of how many words (besides really archaic ones nobody uses) use this ...
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0answers
35 views

Help translating two lines of Zhang Shaolin's “Hakka homesickness” (客家乡情) + some weird pronunciations in that song

Song video. Lyrics, romanization (based on what I hear in the video), translation attempt. 张少林的“客家乡情”(客家话) 爱记乡情 齐家都係客人 最緊有煞拼求進 (AX 建议的写法) 莫忘乡情 齐家係自家人 只只回故乡寻根 叔公叔婆来相认 亲戚送礼来好热心 到处都有人亲 做事耐苦 人乌白也分明 ...
5
votes
1answer
423 views

Questions on a Hakka song and its particular Hakka dialect

Warning, General Background, Table of Contents This is going to be a very long post, just like my work on this video was very long. This is why I am breaking it down into sections. It is also going ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Status of a sandhi “rule” for 2nd tone

I came across a sandhi rule - described here (point number 6): A 2nd tone preceded by a 1st or 2nd tone and followed by another tone becomes a 1st tone I never heard of this rule before so I was ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Doubts on some words in a Deng Lijun song

I just listened to the song 无奈 by Deng Lijun, and there are three points where what I hear doesn't match the lyrics I have: At the end of the sentence at 1:30-1:37, my lyrics have 痴情 | chïqíng, but I ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Adverb suffix “te(t)” in Hakka: exact pronunciation? Better spelling suggestion (perhaps)?

In the song 摇滚吧!山歌, there is a line going: Man-man-te(t) pun nyin thiam-piong I render that in characters as: 慢慢地分人添放, and it means: Are slowly being forgotten. I know that pun is a ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

The IPA for pinyin x

Every single source I come across on google list the IPA of pinyin x as /ɕ/, or the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative. However, the sample sound on Wikipedia is quite distinct from it -- to me (...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Any evidence for z(h)uang (这么) and luang (那么)?

I keep hearing: zuang [tsuaŋ] and luang [Ĩuaŋ] for 这么 and 那么, respectively. I believe it is Minjiang dialect (岷江话, 岷江小片). I've flipped through a couple of books I have but I haven't been able ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Examples of Epenthesis in Chinese

Epenthesis is a process that inserts a syllabic or non-syllabic segment within an existing string of segments. For example, it is common in casual speech for English speakers to insert a (p) in ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Why is Húnán pronounced with an F?

I traveled to Hunan province and stumbled across something interesting. I was speaking to a taxi driver and asked him, 'where are you from'? He responded, 'Funan'. I then realized he actually meant '...
5
votes
5answers
487 views

Pronunciation of 壹 / 一 in Mandarin

The pronunciation of 壹 / 一 in Mandarin, when I was in school, is: yī It's been a while that it is also pronounced as: yao (or similar, I'm not very good with pinyin) and seems common among ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Mandarin dialect pronouncing sizzling consonants differently

Sometimes when people speak Chinese they pronounce "zh" more like "z", "ch" like "c", "sh" more like "s", etc. In other respects (sentence structure, words), it seems to be proper mandarin. An example ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Word pairs like 嫉妒/忌妒 with similar pronounciations and meanings - examples and discussion please

I was thinking about how slight changes in pronunciation are reflected in writing. As a case in point, here are two examples of words whose pronunciations are different, but similar, and whose ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

How did Chinese people know in the past the pronunciation of words? [duplicate]

Nowadays a Chinese person seeing a character for the first time can look it up in a dictionary (it doesn't matter how) and get the phonetic or Pinyin transliteration, so that the pronunciation is ...
3
votes
4answers
301 views

Correct pronunciation for 北, 白 in Cantonese?

Referring to Cantonese Sheik, 北 is normally pronounced as 'bak', as in 北角 (bak gok - a train station in Hong Kong). However, I have seen instances where it is pronounced as 'pak' as in 北潭涌 (Pak Tam ...
4
votes
3answers
182 views

Pinyin vs. Pronounciation of 嗯?

I've seen the word "嗯" many times in conversations and songs. I know that it pronounces like "hm", expressing curiosity. But when I check the pinyin of it, according to Wiktionary, it is like such: ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Why does 空 have a fourth tone reading in 空格, but a first tone reading in 空调, 空气 etc

And, more broadly, is there a pattern when words like 空 have the same pronunciation but different tones, depending on the word?
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vote
3answers
126 views

How is “biang” as in “biáng biáng miàn” pronounced in other dialects?

To my understanding, "biáng" is not a sound that exists in Mandarin, though there's some argument on the hypothetical phonological possibility of such here. One might assume therefore that it is a ...
5
votes
5answers
222 views

In which pitches do I pronounce several first tones in a sequence?

For a while now I've been noticing and trying to figure out how to correctly pronounce several first tone characters in a row. Examples: 機車 jīchē 公車 gōngchē The speech synthesis of Quizlet ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Why is inital /ŋ/ considered hick-ish?

There seems to be a habit of dropping /ŋ/ initials in topolects/dialects for fear of seeming like a redneck. Consider: Canto: 屋 nguk1 vs. uk1 [the new ABC Cantonese dictionary only gives the uk1 ...
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2answers
94 views

刀削面: who says xuē and who says xiāo?

I’ve only ever known 刀削面 as dāoxuēmiàn, maybe that says something about the company I keep. I’ve noticed recently a lot of people, though, actually say dāoxiāomiàn. ABC dictionary lists both ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the difference between colloquial and literary readings of characters?

This CantoDict page for 熟 says: Pinyin shu2 is literary reading; shou2 is colloquial. What does this mean? More importantly, how are you supposed to pronounce 熟 in Mandarin? :)
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2answers
74 views

Pronunciation of 汎 in the Analects

I am listening to a recording of the Analects in Mandarin recommended by several of my Chinese friends (so, good quality, I hope). In the 學而第一 there is the saying: 子曰:「弟子入則孝,出則弟,謹而信,汎愛眾,而親仁 My ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Are idioms affected by tone changing rules?

For example, if I have the idiom: 一路平安 Does the tone of the 一 change to a second tone because 路 is fourth tone?
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3answers
84 views

Meaning/pronuncation of 祢

祢 Google says it means "you" and is pronounced "mí" Wiktionary says it is "you" but only for deity and pronounced “nǐ” My pinyin input method offers it for "mi" or "ni" CEDICT makes it a "memorial ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Min 毋免: m̄-bián only, or possibly m̄-mián?

This word is found in 爱拼才会赢, where I hear it as undoubtedly m̄-mián, yet when I look it up on 台湾闽南语常用词辞典 or on Wiktionary, I only find the pronunciation m̄-bián. So I was wondering: is he getting it ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Phonetic pronunciation help for “秋子/Autumn Child” - Chinese trad

Trying to figure out the laymans phonetic spelling for 秋子 (Qiūzi: Autumn Child.) The closest I've been able to come is Chee-Oh-tsö (because the umlaut 'o' makes an oo sound). But this still seems ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

What is the tone for 少 in 老少边穷地区?

I hear Mr. Xi Jinping in his address to villagers spoke 老少边穷地区 in the fourth tone (i.e., 少 as 绍), but I think he might have made a mistake here, out of instincts, without any real understanding.
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vote
3answers
142 views

Should I pronounce “er” as [ɚ] or [aɚ̯]?

What I learned growing up was that words with the pinyin “er”, like 儿, 二, and 耳 were pronounced [ɚ], but younger/more native speakers of Standard Chinese seem to pronounce it as [aɚ], and I was ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

闭上 pronounced pei-soeng in Cantonese: just Wang Jie in this song or something more?

In 能否不想你 (lyrics here), Wang Jie pronounces (or so it seems to my ear) 门若闭上了 变再会无期 as Mun joek pei-soeng-liu    bin zoi-wui mou-kei Is this just this video or is this pronunciation ...
0
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1answer
53 views

偷看一眼 sounds like “Ta kan yi yan”: wrong lyrics (as happened with 一切都这么美好 which is sung as 一切都变得美好) or weird pronunciation?

In the song 忘不了 by Teresa Teng (lyrics here), one line goes: 偷看一眼 That is, according to online lyrics. Except in this video, both at 00:25-00:26 and at 1:18-1:20, I hear: Ta kan yi yan So are ...
0
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2answers
56 views

上帝也哭泣, Cantonese version, is this bit of lyrics correct?

The song in the title is by Wang Jie. The lyrics can be found here. However, ever since I first met this song, I was puzzled by this bit: 谁飘涌这里未能别去? This should transliterate to: Seoi4 piu1 ...
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3answers
69 views

When is 系 pronounced xì/xi and when is it pronounced jì?

A commonly used phrase is 没关系 (méiguānxi) which means "it doesn't matter"; it's used respond to 谢谢 (thank you) and 对不起 (sorry). I found in this question that 系 can also be pronounced jì, as in 系好安全带 (...
3
votes
3answers
226 views

質: when to pronounce in 2nd tone or 4th (Mandarin)?

In Mandarin, sometimes 質 is pronounced with the 2nd tone (e.g., 質地, 特質) and other times it's pronounced with the 4th tone (e.g., 質疑, 質量, 品質). Here are two words pronounced with the 2nd tone: 質地 http:...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

documentation/references: 全 being pronunced `qian` in Southwestern Mandarin

I'd always had this hunch! The bus recording was supposed to be 安全 but why did it sound like 安前. Then I got affirmation from 《成都方言》 刘前进 此词源于《刘全进瓜》的古典故事,即与瓜傻同义,便指傻瓜。又由于地域读音关系,“前”与“全”不分,此词又为“...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Does 石 have two dissimilar pronunciations?

From CEDict: MBP-WWG:~ Admin$ egrep "\t石\t" /Users/Admin/Downloads/cedict_1_0_ts_utf-8_mdbg.txt 石 石 Shi2 surname Shi 石 石 dan4 dry measure for grain equal to ten dou 斗<br/>ten ...
3
votes
6answers
168 views

About pronunciation of 大家

Can 大家 be pronounced like dà a ? I heard lots of Chinese'd pronounced just like that. Who can help me with this?
2
votes
2answers
319 views

What is the rule for a series of third tones?

I understand what to do if you have a series of 3 third tones, and the rules are well explained here. But what about 4 third tones in a row? 这件大衣很特别,我也想买一件。 I'm guessing it would be wó yě xiáng ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Are people's names always pronounced the same in Mandarin?

In many languages, you can not be really sure how to pronounce a person's name, so you have to ask them first, and remember. For instance, "Broglie" can be brɔɪ or brɔˈgli, "中島" can be Nakashima or ...
0
votes
2answers
196 views

Which pronunciation of 云 (yun) is correct?

Google Translate has a different pronunciation of 云 (yun) than this website: https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/pronunciation/Yun The Google Translate one sounds like more the Cantonese ...
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votes
2answers
109 views

Ti Pronunciation of “Di Renjie”

The famous character Judge Dee is based on the historical magistrate Di Renjie, according to Wikipaedia. But I have seen this name spelled as Ti Jentsjié in Dutch, pronounced roughly like /ti/ /jen....
0
votes
2answers
95 views

What is the correct tone for 压 in 高压电 (high voltage) and 低压电 (low voltage)?

In the following signs, we have 高压电 (high voltage) and 低压电 (low voltage). Chinese Converter gives the pinyin: gāo yā diàn and dī yā diàn (this has been wrong in the past). However, Dict.cn and ...
1
vote
2answers
359 views

What's the difference between voiced and “unaspirated” consonants and how can I check if I got it correct?

I heard from somewhere that there are no voiced consonants in Mandarin. Wikipedia says that consonants like the pinyin "d", "b", "g" are "unaspirated", whatever that means... Although my first ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

Chinese traditional singing

To my American ears, traditional high pitched Chinese singing sounds strange. Also, in the movie 活着 when the protagonist Fugui sings in his puppet troupe he sounds so weird/funny to me, but it doesn't ...