Questions tagged [pronunciation]

Questions on specific points regarding the ability to use the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in a spoken Chinese

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48 views

Rules for pronouncing Rules for pronouncing 著 as zhe5 or zhao2?

Are there rules to know when to pronounce 著 as zhe5 or zhao2?
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1answer
41 views

Difference between j, q, x sounds and z, c, s sounds?

I'm struggling with some sounds in Chinese. I can't distinguish J, Q, X initials and Z, C, S initials. I feel that they are pronounced similarly. Am I right? Can you tell me how to pronounce these ...
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411 views

How to create word/character sequence in Chinese that sounds the same as a word in English (or any other language)

Say I have a word in English "fooboo". What if I want it to be pronounced in Chinese as "fooboo" as well? My first attempt is to search in pinyin for "fu" and "bu". Fu gives results like 副 and 付. Bu ...
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2answers
55 views

Correct pronunciation of “和” [duplicate]

I know when it comes to names, it's pronounced "he" in "何", but my question is what about the regular: 我和你 I think it should be "han" in "漢", but some people say "he", so my question is what is ...
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1answer
58 views

srs deck testing intonations/pronunciations of words with multiple characters

I've recently started studying Chinese, and I'm having trouble hearing the tones for words with multiple characters. For instance, I have trouble hearing the difference between 汉语 (hànyǔ) and 韩语 (...
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90 views

《庄子》人间世篇名读音及其解释讨论(Zhuangzi discussion)

《庄子》内七篇,曰:逍遥游、齐物论、养生主、人间世、德充符、大宗师、应帝王。 吾见今主流皆解人间世篇名作人间社会,而亦有异见作人处社会解,甚以为然。 庄子善寓言、重言、卮言。人间世多假人口而述己,略可剖为:颜回请行孔子,叶公子高使齐语孔子,颜阖傅太子而问蘧伯玉,匠石不顾栎社,南伯子綦异大木,孔子适楚遇接舆 等章。 纵观南华,庄子喻人以处己,而非论世以砭弊,故也人间世作人处世,读去声,明矣。 ...
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What is the relationship between 尉-shaped characters and the pronuncation yu?

I'm curious about the relationship between 尉-shaped characters and the pronunciation yu. I'm not sure if this is just a Sichuanese thing or not, but here's what I know: In some Sichuanese topolects ...
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1answer
53 views

When is “得” pronounced “de” and when is it pronounced “dei”?

I have noticed that there are two different pronunciations of 得: - Usually it's pronounced "de". - in some situations it's pronounced "dei" as in: 老百姓想自强 那就得学习点别人先进的东西。 When is “得” pronounced “de” ...
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171 views

shénmo pronounced as homophone of 什麼 shénme

According to ''Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin'', page 415, shénmo is also a possible transliteration of 什麼 shénme, with their final vowels being schwas. In what contexts is this true?
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642 views

When is “了” pronounced “le” and when is it pronounced “liao”?

I have noticed that there are two different pronunciations of 了: - Usually it's pronounced "le". - in some situations it's pronounced "liǎo" for example: 我用了很多年才了解什么是武术。 As much as I realized, ...
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53 views

Pronunciation of final -o

According to Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin, page 43, The final spelled as -o is only combined with the initials b-, p-, m-, f-. This vowel matches the vowel part of the final -uo [wɔ]. ...
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43 views

“Weng” syllables rhyme with the fnal -ong

According to Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin, page 44, "Weng" syllables rhyme with the fnal -ong [ʊŋ] However, he'd specified weng as [wʌŋ], to add Weng displays the same type of variation as ...
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1answer
100 views

Do native English speakers naturally speak in the 4th tone?

I've been scratching my head for quite a while now because I've been trying way to hard to pronounce words in the 4th tone. I understand how it's supposed to work (with tone decreasing) but it felt ...
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1answer
48 views

Prononciation of Suzhou

What is the pronunciation of the city Suzhou? Here, it looks like she says "Shu dshjo". Here it's more "Shu djo". Here it sounds more like "Su djo".
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1answer
70 views

Why does Pleco give so many pronunciations of 欸?

Above is a screenshot of Pleco's "sentence" page for 欸 which displays 5 different pronunciations. This puzzles me. Question: Why does Pleco give so many pronunciations of 欸? My impression is that 欸 ...
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3answers
151 views

Does pronunciation of a vowel change with tones?

As it is extremely hard to find a good online summary of all Pinyin pronunciation rules, I am listening the sounds in a Pinyin chart: https://chinese.yabla.com/chinese-pinyin-chart.php . I have read ...
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1answer
58 views

Pronunciation of the vowel “i” in Pinyin si

What is the pronunciation of the vowel I in Pinyin si? /ɪ/, /ɘ/ or /ɨ/ ? Each website I read describe it differently. Please answer using IPA symbols.
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Pronunciation of Z and C in Pinyin

What is the correct pronunciation of the letters Z and C in Pinyin? Chinese phonology wikipedia says that Z is pronounced /ts/ and C is pronounced /tsʰ/, but several websites and videos say they are ...
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297 views

How did 秘 “bi” become “mi”?

I came across this comment just now: “秘”声符是“必”没问题,但是并不是说“秘”和“必”一定同音,“秘”这个字是北京话读错了,其实应该读bi,“秘鲁”一词还残存bi的读音 Which got me thinking. 秘 is still read "bi" in: surnames transcriptions (e.g.: Peru) ...
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191 views

How was Switzerland transliterated into Chinese?

So, my real question is: did 瑞 used to be pronounced suì in 官话? My roundabout way at getting to this is from the transliteration of Switzerland. Let's look at Chengduese.《现代汉语方言音库 • 成都话音档》records 瑞 ...
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1answer
83 views

Question about third tone sandhi in two specific cases

I know of the commonly cited rules for third tones, which are the following (copied from somewhere else, so excuse the grammatical errors): "When word with the 3rd tone is used alone, or used at the ...
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3answers
142 views

曲子 pronunciation

I'm usually confused with the light tone thing. Here I have the word 曲子 which according to the Internet should be pronounced as qǔzi. However, I have heard some people pronounce it as qū (1st tone) zǐ ...
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143 views

Pronunciation of “轧” in 富顺(县)?

《富顺方言》has an entry that reads: 【轧】 读音:ōā(连读) 释义:碾压,轧扎。 举例:1、小心车子轧斗人! 2、有一道菜叫“轧海椒”,下饭安逸得板。 The thing that is confusing me is the: 读音:ōā(连读) I've checked in the actual print edition of ...
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85 views

Help with song lyrics pronunciation (我的新衣)?

So I was listening to the song "我的新衣” by Vava, and at a point the rapper Ty sings. And for some reason in this verse走到街上就像一千台进口奔驰 instead of 街 I listen he raps kāi. Can someone please tell me what he ...
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Pronounciation of 腺

Quoting Wiktionary, the glyph origin of the character 「腺」 is as follows: A 国字 (kokuji, “Japanese-coined character”) coined in the late 1700s–early 1800s by rangaku scholar Udagawa Genshin as a ...
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198 views

Why does 努力 which means “to make a great effort” sound so similar to 奴隸 which means “slave”?

I find it interesting that these two are phonetically similar. Is there a historical background to this?
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55 views

Origin of transliteration of ~j/sw to ~r in Mandarin

In Malaysia/Singapore, “Raja” is often transliterated to 拉惹,although Wikipedia uses 拉者as the name for its article on the title. e.g. Ayer Rajah 亚逸拉惹 Perlis’s Raja 玻璃市拉惹(https://zh.m.wikipedia.org/zh-...
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Should the second character in 回来了 be pronounced with second or fourth tone?

I almost always hear 来 pronounced as lài in 回来了, but are there any rules of tone sandhi that account for this?
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2answers
149 views

Pronunciation of 辆

So this morning I was trying to have a conversation in mandarin with my Malaysian Chinese friends. During the conversation, I pronounced 辆 in 4th tone just the way I learned online. Apparently, they ...
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2answers
88 views

How to distinguish two words the same pronunciation but different meaning (gāo jià)

I just wonder about how to distinguish the words 高价 vs 高架. Both of them seem to have the same pronunciation gāo jià. Are there any additional cues for distinguishing them in a sentence? or Do people ...
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687 views

How to pronounce the word 月 (Yue) in English?

Could anybody help me to pronounce the Chinese word 月 (Yue)? Is there any word in English whose pronunciation is similar to this?
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1answer
79 views

Unusual looking characters at a temple in Hong Kong?

(source) It's from the Tsz Shan Monastery in the New Territories in Hong Kong. And I reading it up-down, left-right, or simply left to right on both levels? Many thanks to whoever can help.
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Are begging and ball homonyms in spoken mandarin?

Are 求 (beg) and 球 (ball) both written in pinyin as Qiú homonyms? I am trying to get the pronunciation for ball right. Are there authoritative homonym lists maintained somewhere?
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174 views

Where is 肉 pronunced “you”?

I have heard 肉 pronounced you (not sure of the tone, 4th probably, as in: yòu) on multiple occasions. It seems to be a northern Chinese thing - as opposed to a southern thing - but I'm not sure on ...
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1answer
159 views

Are the “h” in pinyin always pronounced as “[x]” in IPA?

Chinese (Mandarin) use [x] to pronounce h sound. It does not have any sounds such as [h] and [ɸ]. However, I'm not sure if it is fine to assume that all the h in pinyin are pronounced as [x]. ...
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4answers
177 views

Using 反切 to determine readings of characters in modern varieties of Chinese

From my understanding, 反切 is presented in the format XY 切, where a pronunciation of a character is determined from the inital of X and the rime of Y. However, there are still some points that are ...
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3answers
130 views

Distinguish between 眼睛 (Yǎnjīng) eyes and 眼镜(Yǎnjìng) glasses

You may have know 眼睛 is eyes, and 眼镜 is glasses. They sound quite similar. I get confused when listening to someone say "yanjing". I may not know what the speaker refers to, eyes or glasses. How do ...
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102 views

How do you pronounce Erjie?

I have an interview and the interviewer's name is Erjie. I'd like to be able to pronounce when I get there. Can anyone give me guidance on how to pronounce his name? FWIW, the person is from ...
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82 views

Why is Higher Brothers pronouncing 你 as “nie”?

In Higher Brothers' (海尔兄弟) recent song Gong Xi Fa Cai (恭喜发财), there's a line that says: 恭喜你 恭喜你发财 I'm pretty sure they're pronouncing 你 as nie, and I've never heard it pronounced that way before. ...
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4answers
172 views

为什么 “也” 发音为 “ye” 但是 “他”发音为“ta”???

Oh great. I have to ask in English to get it past StackExchange filters. Characters with radicals typically have pronunciations close to the bare character. For example: "韦“ (wei) versus "伟“ (wei) or "...
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45 views

Should 企 be pronunciated as ㄑㄧˋ or ㄑㄧˇ?

It seems that different online dictionaries gave me different answers: Is 企 a heteronym?
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1answer
59 views

Is the pronunciation of a heteronym in a given name indeterminable unless we ask the person personally?

There are tones of heteronyms in Chinese and when a heteronym is a given name, or a part of a given name, is asking the person (or his friends, relatives, etc.) the only way to find the pronunciation? ...
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2answers
178 views

Does Taiwanese Mandarin have the neutral tone?

So I'm trying to learn Taiwanese Mandarin, and apparently they don't really use the neutral tone, but if that's the case how do you say things like 子,了, and 的?
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89 views

Documentation of 不+“x” contractions resulting in “r” sounding initial consonant?

I've been looking for documentation showing 不+"x" contractions resulting in "r" sounding initial consonants, but to no avail. This is an interesting phenomenon and I'm sure the regular person would ...
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2answers
75 views

Is ㄙㄨㄚˋ (sua4) for the character 嘴 from another Chinese dialect or language?

In my explorations of my area of Taichung today I noticed this sign with Zhuyin Fuhao and took a photo to look it up when I got home: And it seems that ㄙㄨㄚˋ (sua4) is not even an existing syllable in ...
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1answer
60 views

How to pronounce several consecutive '“三声” characters? [duplicate]

It is known that the first character in a two-"三声"-character word is prounounced as "二声"。For example, 勇敢 (ㄩㄥˇ ㄍㄢˇ)is usually pronounced as "(ㄩㄥˊ ㄍㄢˇ)". How about when in a sentence there are some ...
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2answers
130 views

Why did the actor pronounce 程, “du” instead of “cheng”?

To improve my Chinese listening, I decided to watch 天下一碗 (Tian Xia Yi Wan), as actors tend to speak with very precise and clear tones. In the link, Liu laoye says: "如果是一时意气用事的话, 岂不是耽误了子女的前程了吗". I ...
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0answers
111 views

What could 轰 be a contraction of to mean “what”?

轰 can be found in some dialects, often with a 个 found on the end, to mean what. This is most definitely a contraction. (Similar dialects also feature a contraction of 哪 and 样 as 孃 niang, also meaning ...
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3answers
126 views

Why Fiorentina is commonly translated as “佛罗伦萨” instead of “费奥伦庭那”?

Though “费奥伦庭那” is sometimes used, it is not nearly as common as "佛罗伦萨". When the name of a place is translated into Chinese, why do people not use the most close pronounciation? Another example is ...
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2answers
216 views

How to say “oink!” in Mandarin in a family situation?

This may not be on-topic for the next 4383 days, but hopefully today someone will help me out. Last year was the year of the dog, and a common way to write (in English) the Chinese version of what ...