Questions tagged [pronunciation]

Questions regarding the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in spoken Chinese

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How to pronounce 學 “shwehh”, “shoo-ehh”, or “xüüehh”?

According to pinyin pronunciation guides, 學 should be pronounced x + ü + e with a rising tone. This should verbally sound something like 1) a shh- with tip of tongue close to your bottom teeth ...
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Why is Russia translated to 俄罗斯(E Luo Si)?

The Chinese Wikipedia article describes the name of Russia, and many of its historical Chinese exonyms. 按照俄语发音“Россия”,其名称应翻译为“羅西亚”。元朝时根据蒙古语译为「斡羅思」[b],到清朝初年许多文献中曾称为「羅剎」[c],但在以国家相称时则多译为「鄂羅斯」[d]或「...
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69 views

srs deck testing intonations/pronunciations of words with multiple characters

I've recently started studying Chinese, and I'm having trouble hearing the tones for words with multiple characters. For instance, I have trouble hearing the difference between 汉语 (hànyǔ) and 韩语 (...
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几 in declarative and interrogative sentence

几 has two meanings: "several" and "how many?" But I have no clear understanding of separation one from another. E.g.: 后面有几个人笑起来了. - declarative 你家有几口人? - interrogative I know that the first ...
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1answer
148 views

What could 轰 be a contraction of to mean “what”?

轰 can be found in some dialects, often with a 个 found on the end, to mean what. This is most definitely a contraction. (Similar dialects also feature a contraction of 哪 and 样 as 孃 niang, also meaning ...
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1answer
54 views

Pronounciation of unstressed vowels

In San Duanmu's Standard Chinese phonology it goes over unstressed vowels and mentions that they change in unstressed syllables. e.g. a, e, (a, ɤ) > ə [报上 pau ʂaŋ > pau ʐəŋ] ou > o [木头 muthou > muto]...
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Pronunciation of 腺

Quoting Wiktionary, the glyph origin of the character 「腺」 is as follows: A 国字 (kokuji, “Japanese-coined character”) coined in the late 1700s–early 1800s by rangaku scholar Udagawa Genshin as a ...
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1answer
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N+ T Assimilation in natural Mandarin

I've been noticing that sometimes when a t or d follows a final -n it becomes n. For instance, one friend (from Nanjing) pronounced 今天 Jīntiān as Jīntnian, and another (from Beijing) pronounced 运动 ...
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122 views

《庄子》人间世篇名读音及其解释讨论(Zhuangzi discussion)

《庄子》内七篇,曰:逍遥游、齐物论、养生主、人间世、德充符、大宗师、应帝王。 吾见今主流皆解人间世篇名作人间社会,而亦有异见作人处社会解,甚以为然。 庄子善寓言、重言、卮言。人间世多假人口而述己,略可剖为:颜回请行孔子,叶公子高使齐语孔子,颜阖傅太子而问蘧伯玉,匠石不顾栎社,南伯子綦异大木,孔子适楚遇接舆 等章。 纵观南华,庄子喻人以处己,而非论世以砭弊,故也人间世作人处世,读去声,明矣。 ...
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Where in Sichuan is 虾 pronunced ha1 (xa⁵⁵)?

《现代汉语方言音库 • 成都话音档》has two listings for 虾 one that says: xa⁵⁵ 又ɕia⁵⁵ xa⁵⁵ can pretty much be pinyinized as ha1 - for simplification here. And there is of course a second entry that says: ɕia⁵⁵ ...
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657 views

Is there a chart of all possible Chinese syllables using Hanzi?

I have been able to find many charts that describe all possible Initial and Final combinations in pinyin, but I'm wondering if there is anything available like that that uses Hanzi only? I made ...
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Is there a usage for 𦍌 as “rèn”?

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as "rèn" ? I cannot find examples with this pronunciation. I understand the usages as yáng, jiāng, & qiāng, as explained by dROOOze and others in what-is-the-top-part-of-...
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Why e is pronounced differently in de (的, 地) and ye (也,夜)?

I got confused because sometimes e is pronounced differently in various words. For example: (的, 地) and ye (也,夜) Can you explain and give me some tricks to remember? Thank you!
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1answer
51 views

How to pronounce English words in Chinese

Say you have a word in English like "stone" or "parabola". How do you write that in Chinese literally so that it is pronounced in Chinese like it is in English? That is, you can write the pinyin ...
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463 views

pronunciation: j/q/x/y + ün

Here in the south (mainland) ün has a similar pronunciation to the English -ean as in 'wean' or even the -een in 'ween', though it seems like northerners pronounce it more like -uin in 'ruin'. jün, ...
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What is the correct pronunciation of 辫发?

Google Translate and 查查在线词典 both say 辫发 ought to be biànfǎ, but Baidu says biànfā. What is correct?
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How should I understand the pronunciation of 驾驶证 (jiàshǐ zhèng) as 酱汁儿 (jiàng zhī er)?

I was reading this website ( https://pinyin.sogou.com/zimeiti/article/1255 ) to understand colloquial Beijing Mandarin and came across this pronunciation for 驾驶证 驾驶证 > "酱汁儿", i.e Jiàshǐ zhèng > jiàng ...
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5answers
174 views

Where can I find a list of (acceptable) 连读 words?

When I started learning Chinese I would often hear (mostly northers) 连读 a bunch of different words: 意思 yi si - became - yis 认识 ren shi - became - rensh Perhaps this doesn't count as 连读 - but the ...
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Does /Ĩ/ *really* exist in Southwestern Mandarin?

成都话方言词典 (1987) lists a bunch of words under the IPA initial /Ĩ/. Southwestern Mandarin doesn't seem to actually have this initial according to most other resources who put all the /Ĩ/ listed words ...
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1answer
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History of the pronunciation of 辰

Today, it is pronounced chén in Mandarin. However, in Chữ Nôm, this character is used for the sound thì. This is surprising, since most Chữ Nôm characters either borrow the meaning of existing ...
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“Why” in Beijing Dialect

I've been wondering how to correctly say "why" in Beijing dialect. I know that in colloquial beijing mandarin 什么 is pronounced as shém with a final m. I thus thought the same was for 为什么 as weishem. ...
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When is f not pronounced?

I've seen that in Beijing Mandarin f can be pronounced as something of a final consonant when in an unstressed syllable, e.g. 豆腐 dòu fǔ = dòuff. However, in other cases it disappears in unstressed ...
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When is d elided?

I know that plosive consonants can change in natural Mandarin speech, like intervocalic g is almost always elided, and sometimes k, but b and p are almost never elided, but when should d be elided? ...
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152 views

What is the meaning of the tone numbers shown in Wiktionary's Mandarin pronunciation?

According to Wiktionary, the word 游泳 is pronounced as /joʊ̯³⁵ jʊŋ²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/. What exactly is the meaning of the numbers 214-21(4)? The first three numbers indicate the standard falling then rising ...
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吞音 rules for Beijing Dialect

I've been wanting to learn more about beijinghua and it's been more challenging than I expected. I've heard that sh, ch, and zh, all turn to r in beijinghua. However, I've also heard some examples ...
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511 views

How is “⿰甴曱 ⿰曱甴” read?

I was scrolling through BabelStone's PUA page when I came across the following: For evidential purposes they also link the following picture: Unlike some entries on the chart there is no ...
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3answers
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Different pronounciation for the number 'one'?

Was talking to my friend (native Chinese) the other day and when she read out a phone number she said "yao" for all the "ones" in the phone number. However, as far as I remember, for all other cases ...
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2answers
123 views

Pronunciation of 谁/誰 [duplicate]

What is the relation between the two pronunciations shéi and shuí of 谁? Ross and Ma Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar seems not to mention shuí, while two different series of readers with pinyin and ...
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3answers
317 views

What kind of resources should a beginner look for to help with similarly pronounced words?

Serveral chinese characters sound extremely similarly to me, not only because of their vowel's tone, but, often, also because of their starting consonants. For example, I find it's very difficult to ...
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3answers
97 views

Pronunciation of the vowel “i” in Pinyin si

What is the pronunciation of the vowel I in Pinyin si? /ɪ/, /ɘ/ or /ɨ/ ? Each website I read describe it differently. Please answer using IPA symbols.
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957 views

How to pronounce the Mandarin third tone

I've started to learn Chinese about a month ago (as a foreign language) and I'm a little bit confused about how to pronounce the third tone (while dropping aside the tone sandhi rules). I'm confused ...
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2answers
84 views

“Weng” syllables rhyme with the fnal -ong

According to Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin, page 44, "Weng" syllables rhyme with the fnal -ong [ʊŋ] However, he'd specified weng as [wʌŋ], to add Weng displays the same type of variation as ...
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1answer
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Does Taiwanese accent pronounce 他 as hā or am I hearing the end of tā?

Watching A Sun (Taiwanese drama, available on Netflix) it sounds to me like the characters are saying 他 as hā. This seems to be true even when people aren't speaking particularly quickly. Am I hearing ...
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1answer
164 views

How do you pronounce Erjie?

I have an interview and the interviewer's name is Erjie. I'd like to be able to pronounce when I get there. Can anyone give me guidance on how to pronounce his name? FWIW, the person is from ...
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266 views

Yinwei or Yinvei? 因为

I hear some people say 因为 as “yinwei”, but also some say it sound like “yinvei”. I’m not sure why there is a difference in pronunciation.
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127 views

-uan pinyin pronunciation

It seems to me that in Mandarin, two different vowel sounds are used for words whose pinyin ends with -uan. In some words, like 全 (quán) and 元 (yuán), the vowel sounds like "oo-en" (the nucleus/coda ...
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51 views

栅 pronunciation - zhà vs. shān

As far as I know, the normal pronunciation of 栅 as in 栅栏 is zhà, but there is another pronunciation shān listed in dictionaries. Are both pronunciations in common use?
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158 views

Reading of 匙 meaning “key” (as in 钥匙)

Essentially the same as this question, but the solutions there don't seem applicable here. Both isolated and in compounds, I can only find 匙 as either shi⁰ or chi² “spoon”. Can this character in this ...
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2answers
201 views

Help translating two lines of Zhang Shaolin's “Hakka homesickness” (客家乡情) + some weird pronunciations in that song

Song video. Lyrics, romanization (based on what I hear in the video), translation attempt. 张少林的“客家乡情”(客家话) 爱记乡情 齐家都係客人 最緊有煞拼求進 (AX 建议的写法) 莫忘乡情 齐家係自家人 只只回故乡寻根 叔公叔婆来相认 亲戚送礼来好热心 到处都有人亲 做事耐苦 人乌白也分明 ...
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What's the difference in pronunciation between kuàir and kuàr?

块儿 (kuàir) = a slice, etc. 跨儿 (kuàr) = "trans", in the sense of "transgender". Reading these aloud, I don't notice a distinction in pronunciation, but it seems like there should be. Question: What's ...
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3answers
130 views

Difference between j, q, x sounds and z, c, s sounds?

I'm struggling with some sounds in Chinese. I can't distinguish J, Q, X initials and Z, C, S initials. I feel that they are pronounced similarly. Am I right? Can you tell me how to pronounce these ...
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2answers
134 views

What's the difference in pronunciation between “yo” and “you” in pinyin?

I have no idea, for example, of what the difference in pronounciation between 唷 when pronounced with the first tone and 优. If there's no difference, why are they written differently in pinyin?
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1answer
90 views

Are there any phonetic pangrams for Mandarin and other Chinese languages?

A phonetic pangram is a bit of text which uses all the sounds, or phonemes, in a language (as opposed to the letters of characters). Very useful for practising pronunciation. This is one in English: ...
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62 views

Rules for pronouncing Rules for pronouncing 著 as zhe5 or zhao2? [duplicate]

Are there rules to know when to pronounce 著 as zhe5 or zhao2?
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4answers
891 views

How do I pronounce Xué (学)?

I am currently learning Chinese but I've been struggling with perhaps a very easy sound to do. How do I pronounce Xué (学)? I know that with "x", it's "sh" with the tip of your tongue on your front ...
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3answers
436 views

How to create word/character sequence in Chinese that sounds the same as a word in English (or any other language)

Say I have a word in English "fooboo". What if I want it to be pronounced in Chinese as "fooboo" as well? My first attempt is to search in pinyin for "fu" and "bu". Fu gives results like 副 and 付. Bu ...
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2answers
58 views

Correct pronunciation of “和” [duplicate]

I know when it comes to names, it's pronounced "he" in "何", but my question is what about the regular: 我和你 I think it should be "han" in "漢", but some people say "he", so my question is what is ...
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3answers
107 views

What is the relationship between 尉-shaped characters and the pronuncation yu?

I'm curious about the relationship between 尉-shaped characters and the pronunciation yu. I'm not sure if this is just a Sichuanese thing or not, but here's what I know: In some Sichuanese topolects ...
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1answer
311 views

How did 秘 “bi” become “mi”?

I came across this comment just now: “秘”声符是“必”没问题,但是并不是说“秘”和“必”一定同音,“秘”这个字是北京话读错了,其实应该读bi,“秘鲁”一词还残存bi的读音 Which got me thinking. 秘 is still read "bi" in: surnames transcriptions (e.g.: Peru) ...
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4answers
182 views

shénmo pronounced as homophone of 什麼 shénme

According to ''Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin'', page 415, shénmo is also a possible transliteration of 什麼 shénme, with their final vowels being schwas. In what contexts is this true?

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