Questions tagged [pronunciation]

Questions regarding the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in spoken Chinese

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3answers
162 views

Why Fiorentina is commonly translated as “佛罗伦萨” instead of “费奥伦庭那”?

Though “费奥伦庭那” is sometimes used, it is not nearly as common as "佛罗伦萨". When the name of a place is translated into Chinese, why do people not use the most close pronunciation? Another ...
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7answers
1k views

Why is it written LIU in Pinyin, when there's clearly an O sound?

Does anybody know why this decision was made in pinyin, about not writing any hint of the sound /o/ in liu, instead of writing something like liou or liow ? The first reaction of any newcomer to ...
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6answers
2k views

Are there rules about the differences between pinyin spelling and pronunciation?

I noticed that sometimes certain finals in Chinese sound differently when combined with different initials. For e.g., what is spelled "u" sometimes is pronounced "ü". Other times, ...
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3answers
158 views

Difference between j, q, x sounds and z, c, s sounds?

I'm struggling with some sounds in Chinese. I can't distinguish J, Q, X initials and Z, C, S initials. I feel that they are pronounced similarly. Am I right? Can you tell me how to pronounce these ...
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1answer
87 views

How to learn pronunciation effectively with help of books? [closed]

I'm learning Chinese on a book and it shows the words sometimes in Latin alphabet such as Ni-hao, but it doesn't show how to spell the word with the right pronunciation. Can someone help how I can ...
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2answers
84 views

srs deck testing intonations/pronunciations of words with multiple characters [closed]

I've recently started studying Chinese, and I'm having trouble hearing the tones for words with multiple characters. For instance, I have trouble hearing the difference between 汉语 (hànyǔ) and 韩语 (...
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1answer
148 views

《庄子》人间世篇名读音及其解释讨论(Zhuangzi discussion)

《庄子》内七篇,曰:逍遥游、齐物论、养生主、人间世、德充符、大宗师、应帝王。 吾见今主流皆解人间世篇名作人间社会,而亦有异见作人处社会解,甚以为然。 庄子善寓言、重言、卮言。人间世多假人口而述己,略可剖为:颜回请行孔子,叶公子高使齐语孔子,颜阖傅太子而问蘧伯玉,匠石不顾栎社,南伯子綦异大木,孔子适楚遇接舆 等章。 纵观南华,庄子喻人以处己,而非论世以砭弊,故也人间世作人处世,读去声,明矣。 ...
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3answers
2k views

Different pronunciation for the number 'one'?

I was talking to my friend (native Chinese) the other day and when she read out a phone number she said "yao" for all the "ones" in the phone number. However, as far as I remember, ...
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2answers
302 views

Tips to remember the pronunciation of these words: 旅,斿,施,旋,族? [closed]

I often misread these words and got mistaken between each other: 旅 = Lǚ 斿/游 = Yóu 施 = shī 旋 = Xuán 族 = zú as each of them doesn't have related phonetic indicator that I can use as clue to remember ...
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1answer
109 views

How do I pronounce 用勿着 in Shanghainese?

There isn't a pronunciation for it on Wiktionary, and I don't know whether it is a fossilised or an analysable phrase, so therefore I don't know whether or not right-prominent tone sandhi applies. My ...
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2answers
156 views

How should I understand the pronunciation of 驾驶证 (jiàshǐ zhèng) as 酱汁儿 (jiàng zhī er)?

I was reading this website ( https://pinyin.sogou.com/zimeiti/article/1255 ) to understand colloquial Beijing Mandarin and came across this pronunciation for 驾驶证 驾驶证 > "酱汁儿", i.e Jiàshǐ zhèng > jiàng ...
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4answers
2k views

How to pronounce 儿 in conjunction with other characters

The textbook I'm reading now has liberal sprinklings of the 儿 character suffixing words that I have not previously seen suffixed. For example: 空儿。 How should this be pronounced? Are there any rules ...
4
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2answers
114 views

Why are there different pronunciations of 复杂?

During a Chinese class, a student pronounced 复杂 as fu3za2, instead of the official pronunciation fu4za2. The Chinese teacher corrected the student but then mentioned many native speakers pronounce it ...
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3answers
601 views

Pinyin vs. Pronunciation of 嗯?

I've seen the word "嗯" many times in conversations and songs. I know that it pronounces like "hm", expressing curiosity. But when I check the pinyin of it, according to Wiktionary, it is like such: ...
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4answers
479 views

Is there an authoritative list of most frequent to most infrequent pronunciations for individual Chinese characters?

I'm working on a dictionary tool that provides, as an auto-assist, transcription of Chinese characters into corresponding (Modern Standard Mandarin) pinyin+tones on a naive, character-per-character ...
2
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1answer
113 views

When is f not pronounced?

I've seen that in Beijing Mandarin f can be pronounced as something of a final consonant when in an unstressed syllable, e.g. 豆腐 dòu fǔ = dòuff. However, in other cases it disappears in unstressed ...
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3answers
146 views

Media Source for “Natural” Sounding Mandarin Chinese

I've been looking to improve my Chinese pronunciation and listening skills. When looking at most tv dramas and textbook dialogues, however, I can't help but notice that tones and pitches tend to be ...
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4answers
18k views

Where can I find audio recordings of every word? [closed]

Where can I find audio recordings (i.e. individual MP3s or WAVs) for every Chinese word? I have found some recordings of Chinese, but these only contain individual phonemes, not entire words. I am ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Pronunciation of unstressed vowels

In San Duanmu's Standard Chinese phonology it goes over unstressed vowels and mentions that they change in unstressed syllables. e.g. a, e, (a, ɤ) > ə [报上 pau ʂaŋ > pau ʐəŋ] ou > o [木头 muthou > muto]...
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5answers
224 views

How to pronounce 學 “shwehh”, “shoo-ehh”, or “xüüehh”?

According to pinyin pronunciation guides, 學 should be pronounced x + ü + e with a rising tone. This should verbally sound something like 1) a shh- with tip of tongue close to your bottom teeth ...
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1answer
290 views

Why is there a special pronunciation of 论 just for 论语?

The character 论 has pinyin lùn for all uses except in 论语 where it is lún. Is there some known historical reason for this change in pronunciation?
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2answers
336 views

What kind of resources should a beginner look for to help with similarly pronounced words?

Serveral chinese characters sound extremely similarly to me, not only because of their vowel's tone, but, often, also because of their starting consonants. For example, I find it's very difficult to ...
2
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2answers
99 views

Is there an old way of pronouncing 牠?

Is there an old way of pronouncing 牠? I remember learning to pronounce it as "tuo" when I was in primary school, which was more than 40 years ago. I know it is pronounced as "ta" ...
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2answers
84 views

吞音 rules for Beijing Dialect

I've been wanting to learn more about beijinghua and it's been more challenging than I expected. I've heard that sh, ch, and zh, all turn to r in beijinghua. However, I've also heard some examples ...
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1answer
86 views

Chinese Pronunciation App

I am curious whether there is some good app or a website for practicing pronunciation of Chinese tones. There is a way to practice pronunciation on HelloChinese but I find the tone recognition quite ...
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3answers
127 views

Is the similar pronunciation of 上班, 办公 and 工作 just a coincidence?

Three important words when talking about work are 上班 (shàng bān, to go to work) 办公 (bàn gōng, to work [esp. in an office]) 工作 (gōng zuò, job / work) This can be confusing for beginners - I often get ...
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1answer
65 views

Do any Chinese languages or dialects contain a rolled/trilled R?

From 20:00 to 22:00 of this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnMeISMY6eM), the speaker appears to pronounce the R sound with standard Mandarin pronunciation in 若 and 仍然. However, he rolls the R ...
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5answers
1k views

Are people's names always pronounced the same in Mandarin?

In many languages, you can not be really sure how to pronounce a person's name, so you have to ask them first, and remember. For instance, "Broglie" can be brɔɪ or brɔˈgli, "中島" can be Nakashima or ...
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1answer
3k views

Pinyin “h” sound, pronunciation

I notice that the pinyin "h" is in many books just the same as in English. But when I listen to people, some people stress the "h" and there is a tiny gggg, and some gurgling ...
4
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2answers
340 views

Is the ''a'' in ''ta'' pronounced as the ''a'' in ''tan'' or the ''a'' in ''tang''?

It just occurred to me that I've been pronouncing the ''a'' in ba, da, fa, ga, ha, ka, la, ma, na, pa, sa, the same. But I've been pronouncing the ''a'' in ta differently. Like the ''a'' in ''ang''. ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Different accents/dialects applicable to the pinyin “r” sound

When I first began learning Mandarin and was struggling with some of the different pronunciations I heard 2 different representations of the "r" sound in pinyin. The first representation suggested to ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Which pronunciation of “kun” is correct or what’s the difference?

There are two audio recordings that I am listening to both have different pronunciations of the pinyin “kun”. One is from here. And another is from a pinyin audio chart. Which pronunciation should I ...
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7answers
3k views

Techniques for improving pronunciation

Are there any recommended resources or methodologies to improve ones Chinese pronunciation? Besides having a native speaker at your disposal, are there any tools that can help to correct ...
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6answers
5k views

Why is Russia translated to 俄罗斯(E Luo Si)?

The Chinese Wikipedia article describes the name of Russia, and many of its historical Chinese exonyms. 按照俄语发音“Россия”,其名称应翻译为“羅西亚”。元朝时根据蒙古语译为「斡羅思」[b],到清朝初年许多文献中曾称为「羅剎」[c],但在以国家相称时则多译为「鄂羅斯」[d]或「...
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3answers
229 views

几 in declarative and interrogative sentence

几 has two meanings: "several" and "how many?" But I have no clear understanding of separation one from another. E.g.: 后面有几个人笑起来了. - declarative 你家有几口人? - interrogative I know ...
2
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1answer
149 views

What could 轰 be a contraction of to mean “what”?

轰 can be found in some dialects, often with a 个 found on the end, to mean what. This is most definitely a contraction. (Similar dialects also feature a contraction of 哪 and 样 as 孃 niang, also meaning ...
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3answers
361 views

Pronunciation of 腺

Quoting Wiktionary, the glyph origin of the character 「腺」 is as follows: A 国字 (kokuji, “Japanese-coined character”) coined in the late 1700s–early 1800s by rangaku scholar Udagawa Genshin as a ...
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1answer
59 views

N+ T Assimilation in natural Mandarin

I've been noticing that sometimes when a t or d follows a final -n it becomes n. For instance, one friend (from Nanjing) pronounced 今天 Jīntiān as Jīntnian, and another (from Beijing) pronounced 运动 ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Where in Sichuan is 虾 pronunced ha1 (xa⁵⁵)?

《现代汉语方言音库 • 成都话音档》has two listings for 虾 one that says: xa⁵⁵ 又ɕia⁵⁵ xa⁵⁵ can pretty much be pinyinized as ha1 - for simplification here. And there is of course a second entry that says: ɕia⁵⁵ ...
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2answers
710 views

Is there a chart of all possible Chinese syllables using Hanzi?

I have been able to find many charts that describe all possible Initial and Final combinations in pinyin, but I'm wondering if there is anything available like that that uses Hanzi only? I made ...
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2answers
169 views

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as “rèn”?

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as "rèn" ? I cannot find examples with this pronunciation. I understand the usages as yáng, jiāng, & qiāng, as explained by dROOOze and others in what-is-the-top-part-of-...
7
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2answers
1k views

Why e is pronounced differently in de (的, 地) and ye (也,夜)?

I got confused because sometimes e is pronounced differently in various words. For example: (的, 地) and ye (也,夜) Can you explain and give me some tricks to remember? Thank you!
2
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1answer
73 views

How to pronounce English words in Chinese

Say you have a word in English like "stone" or "parabola". How do you write that in Chinese literally so that it is pronounced in Chinese like it is in English? That is, you can write the pinyin ...
4
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2answers
489 views

pronunciation: j/q/x/y + ün

Here in the south (mainland) ün has a similar pronunciation to the English -ean as in 'wean' or even the -een in 'ween', though it seems like northerners pronounce it more like -uin in 'ruin'. jün, ...
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2answers
51 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 辫发?

Google Translate and 查查在线词典 both say 辫发 ought to be biànfǎ, but Baidu says biànfā. What is correct?
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5answers
176 views

Where can I find a list of (acceptable) 连读 words?

When I started learning Chinese I would often hear (mostly northers) 连读 a bunch of different words: 意思 yi si - became - yis 认识 ren shi - became - rensh Perhaps this doesn't count as 连读 - but the ...
2
votes
2answers
317 views

Does /Ĩ/ *really* exist in Southwestern Mandarin?

成都话方言词典 (1987) lists a bunch of words under the IPA initial /Ĩ/. Southwestern Mandarin doesn't seem to actually have this initial according to most other resources who put all the /Ĩ/ listed words ...
1
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1answer
95 views

History of the pronunciation of 辰

Today, it is pronounced chén in Mandarin. However, in Chữ Nôm, this character is used for the sound thì. This is surprising, since most Chữ Nôm characters either borrow the meaning of existing ...
0
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0answers
104 views

“Why” in Beijing Dialect [duplicate]

I've been wondering how to correctly say "why" in Beijing dialect. I know that in colloquial beijing mandarin 什么 is pronounced as shém with a final m. I thus thought the same was for 为什么 as weishem. ...
3
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0answers
109 views

When is d elided? [closed]

I know that plosive consonants can change in natural Mandarin speech, like intervocalic g is almost always elided, and sometimes k, but b and p are almost never elided, but when should d be elided? ...

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