Questions tagged [pronunciation]

Questions regarding the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in spoken Chinese

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1
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4answers
80 views

How do you read “11%” aloud when it refers to percentage points?

I sometimes read newspapers aloud to practice pronunciation, but encounter the issue of percentage points, e.g. 20% and 31% differ by "11 percentage points" (or just "11 points" ...
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1answer
42 views

Why is 系 pronounced xì (not jì) in the idiom 解铃还须系铃人?

With regards to the idiom: 解铃还须系铃人 jiě líng hái xū xì líng rén CC-CEDICT: lit. whoever hung the bell on the tiger's neck must untie it (idiom) / fig. whoever started the trouble should end it I'm ...
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1answer
29 views

Synonym of 这么 with pronunciation zen4me

In the dialogs of the FSI course, there are quite a few places where zen4me (with a falling tone) is used in the sense of zhe4me (这么). For example: Nǐ zěnme zènme wǎn [lái le]? I haven't been able to ...
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1answer
69 views

What's the exact realization of Chinese glides (in medial position)?

While in some transcriptions you might encounter the IPA [j], [ɥ], and [w] for the medial glides, there are also transcriptions with IPA [ʲ], [ʷ] and [ᶣ]. Glides can have many interpretations ...
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3answers
130 views

Why use “i” to represent 自然韵?

In teaching 汉语拼音,the biggest headache is how to explain the "i" after the 7 独立音节 should not be pronounced same way as in "bi" "pi" "mi" ... etc. A very serious ...
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2answers
110 views

What's wrong to write g for 漢語拼音 pronunciation of 歌? [closed]

This is a question asked on behalf of thousands of new beginner learning 漢語拼音. When giving a 漢語拼音 dictation test (like spelling test in English) to my students, one very smart student write "g&...
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2answers
109 views

How to pronounce '蒙古' correctly?

The word '蒙古' seems to be read as 'měng gu'. But when I listen to others, it seems to be pronounced 'méng gu'. Which is the correct one? And I found it hard to tell the difference between 'měng gu' ...
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2answers
118 views

Intonation and stress for Chinese pronunciation

The new book 汉语国际教育用词语声调组合及轻重音格式实用手册 ("A Practical Manual of Tone Patterns and Formats of Stressed and Unstressed Syllables in Mandarin Words for the Application of Teaching Chinese to the ...
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1answer
84 views

Does 意大利 ever get read as 意太利?

I have heard 意大利 read 意太利, as a sort of half-joke half-honest pronunciation. This is funny because some dialects do read 大 as /t‘ai/ (think: Gan, Hakka, Min Nan, etc.). 《现代汉语方言音库 • 成都话音档》also has an ...
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1answer
69 views

What does the inital /dⁿ/ stand for?

While answering @Qiangong2's question here: Are Characters customized in different provinces due to dialectal differences? I was looking through the table on 四川方言字. On the table the following initial ...
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2answers
68 views

The Many Pronunciations of 法

Regarding the various pronunciations of 法字, how much of the below is accurate? 法 as in 法国: Mainland: Fǎ Taiwan: MoeDict has Fǎ, with Fà listed only as “旧音”, but my understanding is that most ...
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1answer
233 views

How did Middle Chinese “hæwk” evolve into Mandarin “xué”?

So I was wondering why the on'yomi reading of Japanese 学 was "gaku" and the Korean reading of 學 was "hak", since I knew that in Mandarin, 学 was "xué", which is radically ...
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2answers
151 views

Why are there different pronunciations of 复杂?

During a Chinese class, a student pronounced 复杂 as fu3za2, instead of the official pronunciation fu4za2. The Chinese teacher corrected the student but then mentioned many native speakers pronounce it ...
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1answer
123 views

Do any Chinese languages or dialects contain a rolled/trilled R?

From 20:00 to 22:00 of this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnMeISMY6eM), the speaker appears to pronounce the R sound with standard Mandarin pronunciation in 若 and 仍然. However, he rolls the R ...
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2answers
351 views

Is the ''a'' in ''ta'' pronounced as the ''a'' in ''tan'' or the ''a'' in ''tang''?

It just occurred to me that I've been pronouncing the ''a'' in ba, da, fa, ga, ha, ka, la, ma, na, pa, sa, the same. But I've been pronouncing the ''a'' in ta differently. Like the ''a'' in ''ang''. ...
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1answer
94 views

Different accents/dialects applicable to the pinyin “r” sound

When I first began learning Mandarin and was struggling with some of the different pronunciations I heard 2 different representations of the "r" sound in pinyin. The first representation suggested to ...
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1answer
111 views

How do I pronounce 用勿着 in Shanghainese?

There isn't a pronunciation for it on Wiktionary, and I don't know whether it is a fossilised or an analysable phrase, so therefore I don't know whether or not right-prominent tone sandhi applies. My ...
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5answers
245 views

How to pronounce 學 “shwehh”, “shoo-ehh”, or “xüüehh”?

According to pinyin pronunciation guides, 學 should be pronounced x + ü + e with a rising tone. This should verbally sound something like 1) a shh- with tip of tongue close to your bottom teeth ...
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1answer
73 views

Pronunciation of unstressed vowels

In San Duanmu's Standard Chinese phonology it goes over unstressed vowels and mentions that they change in unstressed syllables. e.g. a, e, (a, ɤ) > ə [报上 pau ʂaŋ > pau ʐəŋ] ou > o [木头 muthou > muto]...
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2answers
175 views

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as “rèn”?

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as "rèn" ? I cannot find examples with this pronunciation. I understand the usages as yáng, jiāng, & qiāng, as explained by dROOOze and others in what-is-the-top-part-of-...
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1answer
112 views

How to pronounce English words in Chinese

Say you have a word in English like "stone" or "parabola". How do you write that in Chinese literally so that it is pronounced in Chinese like it is in English? That is, you can write the pinyin ...
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2answers
56 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 辫发?

Google Translate and 查查在线词典 both say 辫发 ought to be biànfǎ, but Baidu says biànfā. What is correct?
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2answers
159 views

How should I understand the pronunciation of 驾驶证 (jiàshǐ zhèng) as 酱汁儿 (jiàng zhī er)?

I was reading this website ( https://pinyin.sogou.com/zimeiti/article/1255 ) to understand colloquial Beijing Mandarin and came across this pronunciation for 驾驶证 驾驶证 > "酱汁儿", i.e Jiàshǐ zhèng > jiàng ...
3
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1answer
61 views

N+ T Assimilation in natural Mandarin

I've been noticing that sometimes when a t or d follows a final -n it becomes n. For instance, one friend (from Nanjing) pronounced 今天 Jīntiān as Jīntnian, and another (from Beijing) pronounced 运动 ...
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1answer
101 views

History of the pronunciation of 辰

Today, it is pronounced chén in Mandarin. However, in Chữ Nôm, this character is used for the sound thì. This is surprising, since most Chữ Nôm characters either borrow the meaning of existing ...
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0answers
105 views

“Why” in Beijing Dialect [duplicate]

I've been wondering how to correctly say "why" in Beijing dialect. I know that in colloquial beijing mandarin 什么 is pronounced as shém with a final m. I thus thought the same was for 为什么 as weishem. ...
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3answers
133 views

Is the similar pronunciation of 上班, 办公 and 工作 just a coincidence?

Three important words when talking about work are 上班 (shàng bān, to go to work) 办公 (bàn gōng, to work [esp. in an office]) 工作 (gōng zuò, job / work) This can be confusing for beginners - I often get ...
2
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1answer
118 views

When is f not pronounced?

I've seen that in Beijing Mandarin f can be pronounced as something of a final consonant when in an unstressed syllable, e.g. 豆腐 dòu fǔ = dòuff. However, in other cases it disappears in unstressed ...
3
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0answers
113 views

When is d elided? [closed]

I know that plosive consonants can change in natural Mandarin speech, like intervocalic g is almost always elided, and sometimes k, but b and p are almost never elided, but when should d be elided? ...
3
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1answer
192 views

What is the meaning of the tone numbers shown in Wiktionary's Mandarin pronunciation?

According to Wiktionary, the word 游泳 is pronounced as /joʊ̯³⁵ jʊŋ²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/. What exactly is the meaning of the numbers 214-21(4)? The first three numbers indicate the standard falling then rising ...
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2answers
87 views

吞音 rules for Beijing Dialect

I've been wanting to learn more about beijinghua and it's been more challenging than I expected. I've heard that sh, ch, and zh, all turn to r in beijinghua. However, I've also heard some examples ...
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2answers
547 views

How is “⿰甴曱 ⿰曱甴” read?

I was scrolling through BabelStone's PUA page when I came across the following: For evidential purposes they also link the following picture: Unlike some entries on the chart there is no ...
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2answers
136 views

Pronunciation of 谁/誰 [duplicate]

What is the relation between the two pronunciations shéi and shuí of 谁? Ross and Ma Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar seems not to mention shuí, while two different series of readers with pinyin and ...
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1answer
71 views

Does Taiwanese accent pronounce 他 as hā or am I hearing the end of tā?

Watching A Sun (Taiwanese drama, available on Netflix) it sounds to me like the characters are saying 他 as hā. This seems to be true even when people aren't speaking particularly quickly. Am I hearing ...
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1answer
57 views

栅 pronunciation - zhà vs. shān

As far as I know, the normal pronunciation of 栅 as in 栅栏 is zhà, but there is another pronunciation shān listed in dictionaries. Are both pronunciations in common use?
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3answers
171 views

Reading of 匙 meaning “key” (as in 钥匙)

Essentially the same as this question, but the solutions there don't seem applicable here. Both isolated and in compounds, I can only find 匙 as either shi⁰ or chi² “spoon”. Can this character in this ...
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2answers
204 views

-uan pinyin pronunciation

It seems to me that in Mandarin, two different vowel sounds are used for words whose pinyin ends with -uan. In some words, like 全 (quán) and 元 (yuán), the vowel sounds like "oo-en" (the nucleus/coda ...
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2answers
85 views

What's the difference in pronunciation between kuàir and kuàr?

块儿 (kuàir) = a slice, etc. 跨儿 (kuàr) = "trans", in the sense of "transgender". Reading these aloud, I don't notice a distinction in pronunciation, but it seems like there should be. Question: What's ...
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2answers
1k views

Why e is pronounced differently in de (的, 地) and ye (也,夜)?

I got confused because sometimes e is pronounced differently in various words. For example: (的, 地) and ye (也,夜) Can you explain and give me some tricks to remember? Thank you!
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2answers
192 views

What's the difference in pronunciation between “yo” and “you” in pinyin?

I have no idea, for example, of what the difference in pronunciation between 唷 when pronounced with the first tone and 优. If there's no difference, why are they written differently in pinyin?
5
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1answer
140 views

Are there any phonetic pangrams for Mandarin and other Chinese languages?

A phonetic pangram is a bit of text which uses all the sounds, or phonemes, in a language (as opposed to the letters of characters). Very useful for practising pronunciation. This is one in English: ...
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3answers
208 views

Difference between j, q, x sounds and z, c, s sounds?

I'm struggling with some sounds in Chinese. I can't distinguish J, Q, X initials and Z, C, S initials. I feel that they are pronounced similarly. Am I right? Can you tell me how to pronounce these ...
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3answers
454 views

How to create word/character sequence in Chinese that sounds the same as a word in English (or any other language)

Say I have a word in English "fooboo". What if I want it to be pronounced in Chinese as "fooboo" as well? My first attempt is to search in pinyin for "fu" and "bu". Fu gives results like 副 and 付. Bu ...
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2answers
67 views

Correct pronunciation of “和” [duplicate]

I know when it comes to names, it's pronounced "he" in "何", but my question is what about the regular: 我和你 I think it should be "han" in "漢", but some people say "he", so my question is what is ...
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2answers
84 views

srs deck testing intonations/pronunciations of words with multiple characters [closed]

I've recently started studying Chinese, and I'm having trouble hearing the tones for words with multiple characters. For instance, I have trouble hearing the difference between 汉语 (hànyǔ) and 韩语 (...
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1answer
162 views

《庄子》人间世篇名读音及其解释讨论(Zhuangzi discussion)

《庄子》内七篇,曰:逍遥游、齐物论、养生主、人间世、德充符、大宗师、应帝王。 吾见今主流皆解人间世篇名作人间社会,而亦有异见作人处社会解,甚以为然。 庄子善寓言、重言、卮言。人间世多假人口而述己,略可剖为:颜回请行孔子,叶公子高使齐语孔子,颜阖傅太子而问蘧伯玉,匠石不顾栎社,南伯子綦异大木,孔子适楚遇接舆 等章。 纵观南华,庄子喻人以处己,而非论世以砭弊,故也人间世作人处世,读去声,明矣。 ...
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3answers
120 views

What is the relationship between 尉-shaped characters and the pronuncation yu?

I'm curious about the relationship between 尉-shaped characters and the pronunciation yu. I'm not sure if this is just a Sichuanese thing or not, but here's what I know: In some Sichuanese topolects ...
2
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1answer
159 views

When is “得” pronounced “de” and when is it pronounced “dei”?

I have noticed that there are two different pronunciations of 得: - Usually it's pronounced "de". - in some situations it's pronounced "dei" as in: 老百姓想自强 那就得学习点别人先进的东西。 When is “得” pronounced “de” ...
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4answers
233 views

shénmo pronounced as homophone of 什麼 shénme

According to ''Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin'', page 415, shénmo is also a possible transliteration of 什麼 shénme, with their final vowels being schwas. In what contexts is this true?
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2answers
2k views

When is “了” pronounced “le” and when is it pronounced “liao”?

I have noticed that there are two different pronunciations of 了: - Usually it's pronounced "le". - in some situations it's pronounced "liǎo" for example: 我用了很多年才了解什么是武术。 As much as I realized, ...

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