Questions tagged [pronunciation]

Questions regarding the correct consonants, vowels, tone, stress, rhythm and intonation of a word in spoken Chinese

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37 views

Pronunciation of 什么

什么 (shénme) sounds to my ears more like (shéme). Assuming I'm hearing correctly, is this just a common contraction of this word, or is the sequence "-n" + "m-" generally contracted ...
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2answers
44 views

Pronunciation of 对 and 水

对 (duì) sounds to my ears more like /duei/. Similarly with 水 (shuǐ) /ʂuei/. Am I mishearing, or am I misunderstanding how Pinyin is supposed to be pronounced? Or is this a dialectal variant?
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1answer
71 views

Is it true that the tones of some of the most common words are glossed over in regular speech/turn into neutral tone?

Examples include: 是、去、在、要、就、但、没有、如果 Not sure how to back up this question, except to mention that I've received feedback from natives that I tend to overdo these words' pronunciations (especially 是). ...
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1answer
68 views

Is 栖 pronounced xi or qi as in 两栖?

I checked several dictionaries it's [liǎng qī]. But it's pronounced xi in this video.
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2answers
168 views

What is the proper pronunciation of 等等?

Is 等等 pronounced: deng2deng0 (2nd tone and neutral) like 老子、孔子 OR deng3 deng0 (3rd tone and neutral) like 椅子、法子
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0answers
113 views

吸 read ji or jie?

I know in some dialects of Southwestern Mandarin 吸 is read ji or jie. This is most likely due to the fact that 吸 is made up of 口 + 及 and 及 is read ji or jie in these same topolects. Does this ...
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1answer
86 views

Do you pronounce 敢吗?and 干嘛? the same?

敢吗?= Dare you? 干嘛? = What's up? What are you doing? Do you pronounce them both the same and depending on the context, people can understand what you mean? or Do you pronounce them both a little bit ...
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1answer
111 views

Why is there a 零 after 块 when you pronounce 1000.20元? It's 一千块零二毛, but why?

Recently I came across a lesson in a textbook that was about money, numerals, and quantities in general. There was a puzzling entry claiming that 1000.20元 should be pronounced as 一千块零二毛。 Honestly, I ...
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1answer
126 views

Other than 秘密,are there two-syllable words in Chinese where each syllable is a different character with the same pronunciation?

秘密 is a curious word because both characters are pronounced mì yet they are different from each other. Given that there are so many homophonous characters in Chinese, I'm curious if there's any other ...
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1answer
76 views

Why is 灸 pronounced jiu1?

The pinyin of 灸 as in 针灸 (acupuncture) or 艾灸 (moxibustion) is clearly given as jiu3, as shown in, among others, MDGB and Zdic. The single character doesn't even have alternate pronunciations, only ...
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7answers
208 views

Pronunciation of word-initial glides (pinyin 'y' and 'w')

As a non-native speaker, I read pinyin and want to pronounce 'yi' as /ji:/ and 'wu' as /wu:/. But sometimes I think I hear just /i:/ and /u:/. Is that really the case or am I just (not) hearing ...
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2answers
120 views

Can someone explain 搜噶斯耐 in internet speak?

I was chatting with a Chinese friend of mine whose english is a bit broken (not as nearly as much as my Mandarin is) & she wrote 搜噶斯耐 Which apparently means something like 'so that's it' in ...
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2answers
103 views

What is the 'correct' way to pronunce 人?

I've heard some people pronunce it zhen and some pronunced it ren (spoken like "you had a hot potato in your mouth") and because of this I am very confused what is the correct pronunciation.
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1answer
267 views

How to pronunce “ji” (chicken)?

How to pronunce "ji" (chicken) ? is is like english sound "ti" or like "dj"i ?
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1answer
111 views

How to pronunce “eng”

How to pronunce chinese "eng" ? Is the "en" part of chinese "eng" like the english word "end" or is it like the english part "un" in "trunk" ...
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1answer
93 views

What tone for retroflex r?

The retroflex r is not the consonant r in a word (pinyin) like in 人 rén. The retroflex is added as a suffix in the Beijing area, or as a diminutive suffix. Would it be pronounced with the second tone,...
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1answer
32 views

Dictating Chinese text on Windows

Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Chinese text, that is more accurate than the built-in Microsoft Speech Recognition? I am aware that there exist some online solution, such as ...
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1answer
137 views

The Taiwanese accent: are pairs “种,总”, “四,是”, “忘,万” pronounced EXACTLY the same?

My European impression is that pairs zh-z, sh-s, ch-c etc., but also ng-n are pronounced in a VERY similar way in the Taiwanese accent. However, I'm not sure if they're EXACTLY the same. Is the ...
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1answer
47 views

佢 read “jì” from Hakka?

Looking through the book 四川德阳方言语音演化与接触研究, I came across the following chart excerpt: 表1-6 四川境内非西南官话方言岛与湖广方言特征词对比 In some locales 他 is documented as being read: 佢, tɕi⁵¹ -or- jì, if you prefer. ...
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2answers
230 views

Is pinyin an accurate pronunciation guide?

Pinyin seems to be an EXACT pronunciation guide to Chinese words, but is it exact? I am not a Chinese speaker so don't know for sure. I would like to take the Pinyin transcription of Chinese words and ...
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5answers
148 views

How do you read “11%” aloud when it refers to percentage points?

I sometimes read newspapers aloud to practice pronunciation, but encounter the issue of percentage points, e.g. 20% and 31% differ by "11 percentage points" (or just "11 points" ...
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1answer
62 views

Why is 系 pronounced xì (not jì) in the idiom 解铃还须系铃人?

With regards to the idiom: 解铃还须系铃人 jiě líng hái xū xì líng rén CC-CEDICT: lit. whoever hung the bell on the tiger's neck must untie it (idiom) / fig. whoever started the trouble should end it I'm ...
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1answer
36 views

Synonym of 这么 with pronunciation zen4me

In the dialogs of the FSI course, there are quite a few places where zen4me (with a falling tone) is used in the sense of zhe4me (这么). For example: Nǐ zěnme zènme wǎn [lái le]? I haven't been able to ...
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1answer
80 views

What's the exact realization of Chinese glides (in medial position)?

While in some transcriptions you might encounter the IPA [j], [ɥ], and [w] for the medial glides, there are also transcriptions with IPA [ʲ], [ʷ] and [ᶣ]. Glides can have many interpretations ...
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3answers
135 views

Why use “i” to represent 自然韵?

In teaching 汉语拼音,the biggest headache is how to explain the "i" after the 7 独立音节 should not be pronounced same way as in "bi" "pi" "mi" ... etc. A very serious ...
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2answers
113 views

What's wrong to write g for 漢語拼音 pronunciation of 歌? [closed]

This is a question asked on behalf of thousands of new beginner learning 漢語拼音. When giving a 漢語拼音 dictation test (like spelling test in English) to my students, one very smart student write "g&...
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2answers
115 views

How to pronounce '蒙古' correctly?

The word '蒙古' seems to be read as 'měng gu'. But when I listen to others, it seems to be pronounced 'méng gu'. Which is the correct one? And I found it hard to tell the difference between 'měng gu' ...
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3answers
191 views

Intonation and stress for Chinese pronunciation

The new book 汉语国际教育用词语声调组合及轻重音格式实用手册 ("A Practical Manual of Tone Patterns and Formats of Stressed and Unstressed Syllables in Mandarin Words for the Application of Teaching Chinese to the ...
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1answer
88 views

Does 意大利 ever get read as 意太利?

I have heard 意大利 read 意太利, as a sort of half-joke half-honest pronunciation. This is funny because some dialects do read 大 as /t‘ai/ (think: Gan, Hakka, Min Nan, etc.). 《现代汉语方言音库 • 成都话音档》also has an ...
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1answer
80 views

What does the inital /dⁿ/ stand for?

While answering @Qiangong2's question here: Are Characters customized in different provinces due to dialectal differences? I was looking through the table on 四川方言字. On the table the following initial ...
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2answers
76 views

The Many Pronunciations of 法

Regarding the various pronunciations of 法字, how much of the below is accurate? 法 as in 法国: Mainland: Fǎ Taiwan: MoeDict has Fǎ, with Fà listed only as “旧音”, but my understanding is that most ...
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1answer
266 views

How did Middle Chinese “hæwk” evolve into Mandarin “xué”?

So I was wondering why the on'yomi reading of Japanese 学 was "gaku" and the Korean reading of 學 was "hak", since I knew that in Mandarin, 学 was "xué", which is radically ...
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2answers
165 views

Why are there different pronunciations of 复杂?

During a Chinese class, a student pronounced 复杂 as fu3za2, instead of the official pronunciation fu4za2. The Chinese teacher corrected the student but then mentioned many native speakers pronounce it ...
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1answer
243 views

Do any Chinese languages or dialects contain a rolled/trilled R?

From 20:00 to 22:00 of this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnMeISMY6eM), the speaker appears to pronounce the R sound with standard Mandarin pronunciation in 若 and 仍然. However, he rolls the R ...
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2answers
409 views

Is the ''a'' in ''ta'' pronounced as the ''a'' in ''tan'' or the ''a'' in ''tang''?

It just occurred to me that I've been pronouncing the ''a'' in ba, da, fa, ga, ha, ka, la, ma, na, pa, sa, the same. But I've been pronouncing the ''a'' in ta differently. Like the ''a'' in ''ang''. ...
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1answer
142 views

Different accents/dialects applicable to the pinyin “r” sound

When I first began learning Mandarin and was struggling with some of the different pronunciations I heard 2 different representations of the "r" sound in pinyin. The first representation suggested to ...
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1answer
119 views

How do I pronounce 用勿着 in Shanghainese?

There isn't a pronunciation for it on Wiktionary, and I don't know whether it is a fossilised or an analysable phrase, so therefore I don't know whether or not right-prominent tone sandhi applies. My ...
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5answers
288 views

How to pronounce 學 “shwehh”, “shoo-ehh”, or “xüüehh”?

According to pinyin pronunciation guides, 學 should be pronounced x + ü + e with a rising tone. This should verbally sound something like 1) a shh- with tip of tongue close to your bottom teeth ...
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1answer
77 views

Pronunciation of unstressed vowels

In San Duanmu's Standard Chinese phonology it goes over unstressed vowels and mentions that they change in unstressed syllables. e.g. a, e, (a, ɤ) > ə [报上 pau ʂaŋ > pau ʐəŋ] ou > o [木头 muthou > muto]...
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2answers
192 views

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as “rèn”?

Is there a usage for 𦍌 as "rèn" ? I cannot find examples with this pronunciation. I understand the usages as yáng, jiāng, & qiāng, as explained by dROOOze and others in what-is-the-top-part-of-...
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1answer
179 views

How to pronounce English words in Chinese

Say you have a word in English like "stone" or "parabola". How do you write that in Chinese literally so that it is pronounced in Chinese like it is in English? That is, you can write the pinyin ...
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2answers
56 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 辫发?

Google Translate and 查查在线词典 both say 辫发 ought to be biànfǎ, but Baidu says biànfā. What is correct?
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2answers
161 views

How should I understand the pronunciation of 驾驶证 (jiàshǐ zhèng) as 酱汁儿 (jiàng zhī er)?

I was reading this website ( https://pinyin.sogou.com/zimeiti/article/1255 ) to understand colloquial Beijing Mandarin and came across this pronunciation for 驾驶证 驾驶证 > "酱汁儿", i.e Jiàshǐ zhèng > jiàng ...
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1answer
63 views

N+ T Assimilation in natural Mandarin

I've been noticing that sometimes when a t or d follows a final -n it becomes n. For instance, one friend (from Nanjing) pronounced 今天 Jīntiān as Jīntnian, and another (from Beijing) pronounced 运动 ...
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1answer
143 views

History of the pronunciation of 辰

Today, it is pronounced chén in Mandarin. However, in Chữ Nôm, this character is used for the sound thì. This is surprising, since most Chữ Nôm characters either borrow the meaning of existing ...
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0answers
105 views

“Why” in Beijing Dialect [duplicate]

I've been wondering how to correctly say "why" in Beijing dialect. I know that in colloquial beijing mandarin 什么 is pronounced as shém with a final m. I thus thought the same was for 为什么 as weishem. ...
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3answers
142 views

Is the similar pronunciation of 上班, 办公 and 工作 just a coincidence?

Three important words when talking about work are 上班 (shàng bān, to go to work) 办公 (bàn gōng, to work [esp. in an office]) 工作 (gōng zuò, job / work) This can be confusing for beginners - I often get ...
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1answer
123 views

When is f not pronounced?

I've seen that in Beijing Mandarin f can be pronounced as something of a final consonant when in an unstressed syllable, e.g. 豆腐 dòu fǔ = dòuff. However, in other cases it disappears in unstressed ...
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0answers
121 views

When is d elided? [closed]

I know that plosive consonants can change in natural Mandarin speech, like intervocalic g is almost always elided, and sometimes k, but b and p are almost never elided, but when should d be elided? ...
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1answer
231 views

What is the meaning of the tone numbers shown in Wiktionary's Mandarin pronunciation?

According to Wiktionary, the word 游泳 is pronounced as /joʊ̯³⁵ jʊŋ²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/. What exactly is the meaning of the numbers 214-21(4)? The first three numbers indicate the standard falling then rising ...

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